The last 9th Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit hold in Madrid on March updated the science behind diet, the balance between gut microbiota and the immune system, mental health, food intolerances and functional gut disorders, among others. Check out here the Summit’s official report.

While initial studies focused on characterizing the gut microbiome, there has been a shift in the field towards mechanistic research focusing on microbiome influence on host phenotype. Here, science and medical writer Andreu Prados updates major breakthroughs in the field in 2019.