Category : Immune Health

The Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBDs), which include Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) are chronic relapsing and remitting inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. The etiology of IBDs is not known yet but it is certainly multi-factorial and it includes genetic as well as environmental factors. Over the last years it has become clear, however, that IBD develops in genetically…

Marcello Romeo
Dr Marcello Romeo is currently at PHD School in Molecular and Experimental Medicine at Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neuroscience at University of Palermo (Italy). His main research interest is the molecular assessment of the Human Intestinal Microbiota in health and disease and investigation of the molecular cross-talk between intestinal bacteria and Heat Shock Proteins in colon mucosa of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Colon Cancer.

The Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBDs), which include Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) are chronic relapsing and remitting inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. The etiology of IBDs is not known yet but it is certainly multi-factorial and it includes genetic as well as environmental factors. Over the last years it has become clear, however, that IBD develops in genetically…

Marcello Romeo
Dr Marcello Romeo is currently at PHD School in Molecular and Experimental Medicine at Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neuroscience at University of Palermo (Italy). His main research interest is the molecular assessment of the Human Intestinal Microbiota in health and disease and investigation of the molecular cross-talk between intestinal bacteria and Heat Shock Proteins in colon mucosa of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Colon Cancer.

This article, published in Cell Host & Microbe, looked at human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) Envelope gp41 antibodies. (Gp41 is a protein on the surface of HIV that helps the virus invade the host's cells; it is of interest to those aiming to develop HIV vaccines.) Researchers wanted to know what shaped gp41 antibody response to HIV-1. Their findings supported…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

This article, published in Cell Host & Microbe, looked at human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) Envelope gp41 antibodies. (Gp41 is a protein on the surface of HIV that helps the virus invade the host's cells; it is of interest to those aiming to develop HIV vaccines.) Researchers wanted to know what shaped gp41 antibody response to HIV-1. Their findings supported…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

I participated in the "Targeting microbiota" congress at Pasteur Institute because I considered the topics discussed very interesting and relevant to my research. For me microbiome conferences are still a rather foreign territory, but I very much like to talk to people with a very different view from what I have. And my learning curve in the microbiome field is…

Filip Scheperjans
I am German and studied medicine at the Heinrich-Heine-University in Duesseldorf, Germany and was a visiting student at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery in London and at the Mount Sinai Medical School in New York. During my studies I started work on my doctoral theses in the C & U Vogt Brain Research Institute about the microscopical and neurochemical anatomy of the human parietal lobe. After graduating, I continued work on my thesis at the Institute of Medicine at the Research Center in Juelich. I received my doctoral degree and my thesis was awarded the best medical thesis in 2008 at Duesseldorf University. In 2007 I moved to Finland and started my clinical specialization in neurology. During this period I completed a 6 month fellowship in our clinical stroke research lab which gave me experience in the planning and conduction of clinical trials. I received my specialist degree in 2013.

I participated in the "Targeting microbiota" congress at Pasteur Institute because I considered the topics discussed very interesting and relevant to my research. For me microbiome conferences are still a rather foreign territory, but I very much like to talk to people with a very different view from what I have. And my learning curve in the microbiome field is…

Filip Scheperjans
I am German and studied medicine at the Heinrich-Heine-University in Duesseldorf, Germany and was a visiting student at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery in London and at the Mount Sinai Medical School in New York. During my studies I started work on my doctoral theses in the C & U Vogt Brain Research Institute about the microscopical and neurochemical anatomy of the human parietal lobe. After graduating, I continued work on my thesis at the Institute of Medicine at the Research Center in Juelich. I received my doctoral degree and my thesis was awarded the best medical thesis in 2008 at Duesseldorf University. In 2007 I moved to Finland and started my clinical specialization in neurology. During this period I completed a 6 month fellowship in our clinical stroke research lab which gave me experience in the planning and conduction of clinical trials. I received my specialist degree in 2013.

Prof. Stephan Schreiber is a physician, working as a gastroenterologist. He's also a director of the Clinic for Internal Medicine at Kiel Campus of the University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein in Germany. His main research focus has been the molecular etiology of chronic inflammatory diseases in the gut. He accepted to give us a quick overview of his work and future challenges…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Prof. Stephan Schreiber is a physician, working as a gastroenterologist. He's also a director of the Clinic for Internal Medicine at Kiel Campus of the University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein in Germany. His main research focus has been the molecular etiology of chronic inflammatory diseases in the gut. He accepted to give us a quick overview of his work and future challenges…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Observational studies in humans have shown that early life exposure to microbes in a variety of situations is associated with a decreased risk of asthma. These include: - Exposure of a pregnant mother to microbes in order to protect her baby - Exposure of children to livestock or dogs - Growing up with numerous siblings Meanwhile, disruption of normal colonization…

Mary Ellen Sanders
Mary Ellen Sanders is a consultant in the area of probiotic microbiology, with special expertise on paths to scientific substantiation of probiotic product label claims. Dr. Sanders served as the founding president of the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) and is currently the organization’s Director of Scientific Affairs/ Executive Officer. This international, non-profit association of academic and industrial scientists is dedicated to advancing the science of probiotics and prebiotics (www.isapp.net). Through numerous written, oral and video pieces, including a website, www.usprobiotics.org, she strives to provide objective, evidence-based information on probiotics for consumers and professionals. Key activities include: Panels to determine GRAS status of probiotic strains ; member of the American Gastroenterological Association Scientific Advisory Board for AGA Center for Gut Microbiome Research and Education ; World Gastroenterology Organisation Committee preparing practice guidelines for the use of probiotics and prebiotics for GI indications (2008, 2011, 2014) ; working group convened by the FAO/WHO that developed guidelines for probiotics (2002).

Observational studies in humans have shown that early life exposure to microbes in a variety of situations is associated with a decreased risk of asthma. These include: - Exposure of a pregnant mother to microbes in order to protect her baby - Exposure of children to livestock or dogs - Growing up with numerous siblings Meanwhile, disruption of normal colonization…

Mary Ellen Sanders
Mary Ellen Sanders is a consultant in the area of probiotic microbiology, with special expertise on paths to scientific substantiation of probiotic product label claims. Dr. Sanders served as the founding president of the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) and is currently the organization’s Director of Scientific Affairs/ Executive Officer. This international, non-profit association of academic and industrial scientists is dedicated to advancing the science of probiotics and prebiotics (www.isapp.net). Through numerous written, oral and video pieces, including a website, www.usprobiotics.org, she strives to provide objective, evidence-based information on probiotics for consumers and professionals. Key activities include: Panels to determine GRAS status of probiotic strains ; member of the American Gastroenterological Association Scientific Advisory Board for AGA Center for Gut Microbiome Research and Education ; World Gastroenterology Organisation Committee preparing practice guidelines for the use of probiotics and prebiotics for GI indications (2008, 2011, 2014) ; working group convened by the FAO/WHO that developed guidelines for probiotics (2002).

Dr. Jonathan Braun (MD, PhD) is a physician and researcher interested in how the immune system affects susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease and cancer. He studies, among other things, microbial-immune commensalism in the intestine, and new strategies in functional immune assessment. He is a professor at UCLA's David Geffen School of Medicine. At the 2014 Harvard Probiotics Symposium, GMFH interviewed…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Dr. Jonathan Braun (MD, PhD) is a physician and researcher interested in how the immune system affects susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease and cancer. He studies, among other things, microbial-immune commensalism in the intestine, and new strategies in functional immune assessment. He is a professor at UCLA's David Geffen School of Medicine. At the 2014 Harvard Probiotics Symposium, GMFH interviewed…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

TH17 (T helper 17) has emerged as a novel potential therapeutic agent for the control of intestinal inflammatory conditions. These cells are most abundant in the small intestinal lamina propris. IL-17 (Interleukin 17A) expressing CD4+T lymphocytes (Th17) cells naturally reside in the intestine's lamina propria where specific cytokines and microbiota, such as segmented filamentous bacteria (SFB), promote the differentiation. To…

Laure Bindels
Satheesh Natarajan, Ph.D., is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Laboratory of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, in Kosice, Slovakia. His work is in immunology and molecular biology.

TH17 (T helper 17) has emerged as a novel potential therapeutic agent for the control of intestinal inflammatory conditions. These cells are most abundant in the small intestinal lamina propris. IL-17 (Interleukin 17A) expressing CD4+T lymphocytes (Th17) cells naturally reside in the intestine's lamina propria where specific cytokines and microbiota, such as segmented filamentous bacteria (SFB), promote the differentiation. To…

Laure Bindels
Satheesh Natarajan, Ph.D., is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Laboratory of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, in Kosice, Slovakia. His work is in immunology and molecular biology.

Dr. Erika Isolauri is a professor of paediatrics at the University of Turku, and chief physician at the Department of Paediatrics at Turku University Hospital in Finland. At the 2014 Harvard Probiotics Symposium she presented a talk entitled Probiotic Use During Pregnancy for Protection Against Childhood Diseases. She sat down with Gut Microbiota for Health after the event to describe…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Dr. Erika Isolauri is a professor of paediatrics at the University of Turku, and chief physician at the Department of Paediatrics at Turku University Hospital in Finland. At the 2014 Harvard Probiotics Symposium she presented a talk entitled Probiotic Use During Pregnancy for Protection Against Childhood Diseases. She sat down with Gut Microbiota for Health after the event to describe…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

The 2nd congress on targeting microbiota was held at Institut Pasteur in Paris on October 16-17, 2014. Professor Marvin Edeas, chairman of the scientific committee, warned the attendees about avoiding speculation where the challenge might be prevention instead of finding treatment. This should constitute a step "towards clinical revolution". To introduce this state of the art session, Pierre-Henri Gouyon, French National…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The 2nd congress on targeting microbiota was held at Institut Pasteur in Paris on October 16-17, 2014. Professor Marvin Edeas, chairman of the scientific committee, warned the attendees about avoiding speculation where the challenge might be prevention instead of finding treatment. This should constitute a step "towards clinical revolution". To introduce this state of the art session, Pierre-Henri Gouyon, French National…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

In a previous GMFH article, ‘PROBIOTICS’ PART I: A BRANCHING DEFINITION, we covered recent updates to the definition of probiotics as discussed at the October 2013 meeting organized by The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP). Three of the scientific experts on the ISAPP panel – Dr. Francisco Guarner (University Hospital Vall d’Hebron, Barcelona, Spain), Dr. Mary Ellen…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

In a previous GMFH article, ‘PROBIOTICS’ PART I: A BRANCHING DEFINITION, we covered recent updates to the definition of probiotics as discussed at the October 2013 meeting organized by The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP). Three of the scientific experts on the ISAPP panel – Dr. Francisco Guarner (University Hospital Vall d’Hebron, Barcelona, Spain), Dr. Mary Ellen…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team