Category : Gut Microbiota

The gut mobile metagenome comprises mobile genetic element (MGE) like bacterial viruses, known as bacteriophages. Although few studies showed that there is high interpersonal variation, little is known about how the gut microbiota react under phage attacks itselfs. Reyes and colleagues used gnobiotic mouse to improve the understanding of viral-bacterial dynamics. They built an artificial microbiota using 15 bacterial sequenced…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The gut mobile metagenome comprises mobile genetic element (MGE) like bacterial viruses, known as bacteriophages. Although few studies showed that there is high interpersonal variation, little is known about how the gut microbiota react under phage attacks itselfs. Reyes and colleagues used gnobiotic mouse to improve the understanding of viral-bacterial dynamics. They built an artificial microbiota using 15 bacterial sequenced…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The team of Jeffrey Gordon (Ridaura et al. Science 2013) published that the phenotype of obesity (increased adiposity) of an obese twin in a discordant twin pair is transmissible. In other words, they found that mice receiving an obese twin’s fecal microbiota display a greater fat mass than the mice receiving lean twin’s gut microbes. Cohousing is widely used in…

Patrice D. Cani
Professor Patrice D. Cani is researcher from the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), group leader in the Metabolism and Nutrition research group at the Louvain Drug Research Institute (LDRI) from the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Brussels, Belgium, and WELBIO (Walloon Excellence in Lifesciences and BIOtechnology) investigator. He is currently member of several international associations, he is member of the Alumni College from the Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences, and he has been elected in the board of directors of the LDRI (UCL). Patrice D. Cani has a M.Sc. in Nutrition and another M.Sc. in health Sciences, he is registered dietitian and PhD in Biomedical Sciences. His main research interests are the investigation of the role of the gut microbiota in the development of metabolic disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and low grade inflammation. More specifically, he is investigating the interactions between the gut microbiota, the host and specific biological systems such as the endocannabinoid system and the innate immune system in the context of obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic inflammation. Prof Cani is author and co-author of more than 110 scientific research papers published in peer-reviewed international journals, conferences and book chapters.

The team of Jeffrey Gordon (Ridaura et al. Science 2013) published that the phenotype of obesity (increased adiposity) of an obese twin in a discordant twin pair is transmissible. In other words, they found that mice receiving an obese twin’s fecal microbiota display a greater fat mass than the mice receiving lean twin’s gut microbes. Cohousing is widely used in…

Patrice D. Cani
Professor Patrice D. Cani is researcher from the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), group leader in the Metabolism and Nutrition research group at the Louvain Drug Research Institute (LDRI) from the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Brussels, Belgium, and WELBIO (Walloon Excellence in Lifesciences and BIOtechnology) investigator. He is currently member of several international associations, he is member of the Alumni College from the Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences, and he has been elected in the board of directors of the LDRI (UCL). Patrice D. Cani has a M.Sc. in Nutrition and another M.Sc. in health Sciences, he is registered dietitian and PhD in Biomedical Sciences. His main research interests are the investigation of the role of the gut microbiota in the development of metabolic disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and low grade inflammation. More specifically, he is investigating the interactions between the gut microbiota, the host and specific biological systems such as the endocannabinoid system and the innate immune system in the context of obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic inflammation. Prof Cani is author and co-author of more than 110 scientific research papers published in peer-reviewed international journals, conferences and book chapters.

Some individuals seem to be more susceptible to develop obesity or are more resistant to weight loss during dietary restriction. Emerging evidence suggest that few bacterial genera (i.e., Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Faecalibacterium and Akkermansia) are inversely associated with obesity, metabolic inflammation and related metabolic disorders in both human and rodent studies. However so far, a common integrative factor is still being…

Patrice D. Cani
Professor Patrice D. Cani is researcher from the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), group leader in the Metabolism and Nutrition research group at the Louvain Drug Research Institute (LDRI) from the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Brussels, Belgium, and WELBIO (Walloon Excellence in Lifesciences and BIOtechnology) investigator. He is currently member of several international associations, he is member of the Alumni College from the Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences, and he has been elected in the board of directors of the LDRI (UCL). Patrice D. Cani has a M.Sc. in Nutrition and another M.Sc. in health Sciences, he is registered dietitian and PhD in Biomedical Sciences. His main research interests are the investigation of the role of the gut microbiota in the development of metabolic disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and low grade inflammation. More specifically, he is investigating the interactions between the gut microbiota, the host and specific biological systems such as the endocannabinoid system and the innate immune system in the context of obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic inflammation. Prof Cani is author and co-author of more than 110 scientific research papers published in peer-reviewed international journals, conferences and book chapters.

Some individuals seem to be more susceptible to develop obesity or are more resistant to weight loss during dietary restriction. Emerging evidence suggest that few bacterial genera (i.e., Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Faecalibacterium and Akkermansia) are inversely associated with obesity, metabolic inflammation and related metabolic disorders in both human and rodent studies. However so far, a common integrative factor is still being…

Patrice D. Cani
Professor Patrice D. Cani is researcher from the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), group leader in the Metabolism and Nutrition research group at the Louvain Drug Research Institute (LDRI) from the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Brussels, Belgium, and WELBIO (Walloon Excellence in Lifesciences and BIOtechnology) investigator. He is currently member of several international associations, he is member of the Alumni College from the Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences, and he has been elected in the board of directors of the LDRI (UCL). Patrice D. Cani has a M.Sc. in Nutrition and another M.Sc. in health Sciences, he is registered dietitian and PhD in Biomedical Sciences. His main research interests are the investigation of the role of the gut microbiota in the development of metabolic disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and low grade inflammation. More specifically, he is investigating the interactions between the gut microbiota, the host and specific biological systems such as the endocannabinoid system and the innate immune system in the context of obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic inflammation. Prof Cani is author and co-author of more than 110 scientific research papers published in peer-reviewed international journals, conferences and book chapters.

  Although there are numerous studies focusing on structure and function of the gut microbiota, very few is known finally regarding the gut microbial colonization and the host homeostasis.  Some studies already focused on the structural dynamics of the early life gut microbiota, but little is known about factor which allows bacteria to establish in the gut and how the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

  Although there are numerous studies focusing on structure and function of the gut microbiota, very few is known finally regarding the gut microbial colonization and the host homeostasis.  Some studies already focused on the structural dynamics of the early life gut microbiota, but little is known about factor which allows bacteria to establish in the gut and how the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

As coordinating institute of the MetaHIT consortium and leading expert in gut microbiota research, the French INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research) has officially inaugurated on July 2nd, 2013 the MetaGenoPolis project. The project receives its €19 million funding from the French Program "Investissements d'Avenir". It is designed as a demonstration initiative, seeking to establish the impact of the gut…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

As coordinating institute of the MetaHIT consortium and leading expert in gut microbiota research, the French INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research) has officially inaugurated on July 2nd, 2013 the MetaGenoPolis project. The project receives its €19 million funding from the French Program "Investissements d'Avenir". It is designed as a demonstration initiative, seeking to establish the impact of the gut…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

There are many questions surrounding the relationship between the functioning of our human body and the presence of the microbes that live in and on us. The current state of knowledge does not allow us to fully understand what impact our microbiota has on our lives. To approach this question, it is important to find out how our gut metagenome…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

There are many questions surrounding the relationship between the functioning of our human body and the presence of the microbes that live in and on us. The current state of knowledge does not allow us to fully understand what impact our microbiota has on our lives. To approach this question, it is important to find out how our gut metagenome…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The intestinal microbiota is known to modulate bioavailability and efficacy of endogenous compounds, nutrients or drugs, with large interindividual variations. The least conserved fraction of our microbiota may hence explain a stratification of the human population in converters and non converters for numerous compounds. As an example, the reduction of cholesterol to coprostanol is only active in a fraction of…

Fernando Aspiroz

The intestinal microbiota is known to modulate bioavailability and efficacy of endogenous compounds, nutrients or drugs, with large interindividual variations. The least conserved fraction of our microbiota may hence explain a stratification of the human population in converters and non converters for numerous compounds. As an example, the reduction of cholesterol to coprostanol is only active in a fraction of…

Fernando Aspiroz

Using mice models, scientists from UCL and WUR found that Akkermansia muciniphila could have a role in reversing high-fat diet-induced metabolic disorders, in this study obesity and type-2 diabetes. The two first authors, Amandine Everard and Clara Belzer, having respectively a background in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Molecular Microbiology accepted to give us their feedback on their main findings.   1)…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Using mice models, scientists from UCL and WUR found that Akkermansia muciniphila could have a role in reversing high-fat diet-induced metabolic disorders, in this study obesity and type-2 diabetes. The two first authors, Amandine Everard and Clara Belzer, having respectively a background in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Molecular Microbiology accepted to give us their feedback on their main findings.   1)…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

During the Biovision Forum 2013, you chaired the session on the Gut Microbiota and moderated a round table on the subject. What are the main messages coming out of this event?   FL: I think it was an excellent initiative that the Biovision Forum got interested in the microbiota and that the topic was in the spotlight. The forum has…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

During the Biovision Forum 2013, you chaired the session on the Gut Microbiota and moderated a round table on the subject. What are the main messages coming out of this event?   FL: I think it was an excellent initiative that the Biovision Forum got interested in the microbiota and that the topic was in the spotlight. The forum has…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Can you tell us a little bit about you and how you got interested in Gut Microbiota?   FL: I was trained as a geneticist. As a PhD student (2000-2003), I worked in a lab that used the Drosophila fly  as a model for research. My scientific questions were on immunity (infection resistance, especially those of bacterial origin) in Bruno…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Can you tell us a little bit about you and how you got interested in Gut Microbiota?   FL: I was trained as a geneticist. As a PhD student (2000-2003), I worked in a lab that used the Drosophila fly  as a model for research. My scientific questions were on immunity (infection resistance, especially those of bacterial origin) in Bruno…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team