Beyond antibiotics, a wide range of commonly used non-antibiotic drugs can affect the gut microbiome. In addition, the gut microbiome can also influence an individual’s response to drugs by affecting their efficacy and safety. What are the implications of the bidirectional interaction between non-antibiotic drugs and the gut microbiome in the clinical setting?

Although the COVID-19 pandemic has shifted the focus of research for scientists worldwide, major breakthroughs in gut microbiome science have been made in 2020. In this last post of the year, we bring you articles from our blog that cover the major advances in the gut microbiome in 2020, from bench to bedside.

The microbiota of infants born by caesarean section resembles that of maternal oral cavity and skin, whereas that of vaginally born infants resembles that of the maternal gut microbiome. A new proof-of-concept study shows that the gut microbiota of C-section-born infants can be restored after delivery via orally administered maternal fecal microbiota transplantation.