In this study, researchers characterized the gut microbiota of breastfeeding mothers after collecting fecal samples from 2 days to 6 months postpartum. They found that the women's gut bacterial communities were similar to those found in other adults; the gut

As MyNewGut, a research initiative involving thirty organizations from fifteen countries, continued to carry out its research program on prebiotic fibres and the gut microbiota, project participants held a workshop before the International Dietary Fibre Conference 2015 in Paris.

Liping Zhao and colleagues, in their recent paper on a dietary intervention for simple and genetic obesity, discussed evidence for the existence of gut microbiota 'guilds': bacterial genomes within the gut ecosystem that responded to the dietary intervention as a group.

Previous research has shown that adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) who adopt a low FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols) diet show an improvement in symptoms within 2 days. Would the low FODMAP diet have the same effect in childhood IBS? Does the gut microbiota predict the success of the diet in children who respond to this dietary intervention?