Category : Immune Health

Dietary fibre from plant-based foods is the most common fuel for some bacterial species in the gut microbiota and in some contexts has been shown to play a key role in protecting the host against immune-mediated diseases such food allergies and even neurological disorders. A diet rich in microbiota-accessible carbohydrates (MACs), which are complex carbohydrates found in fruits, vegetables, whole…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Dietary fibre from plant-based foods is the most common fuel for some bacterial species in the gut microbiota and in some contexts has been shown to play a key role in protecting the host against immune-mediated diseases such food allergies and even neurological disorders. A diet rich in microbiota-accessible carbohydrates (MACs), which are complex carbohydrates found in fruits, vegetables, whole…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent study led by Dr. Alex Mira (FISABIO, Spain) and Dr. Maria C. Jenmalm (Linköping University, Sweden) and researchers at IATA-CSIC (Spain) has presented an analysis of a total of 192 faecal samples from 28 healthy children and 20 children developing allergic symptoms at age seven, from when the children were 1 and 12 months of age. It has…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent study led by Dr. Alex Mira (FISABIO, Spain) and Dr. Maria C. Jenmalm (Linköping University, Sweden) and researchers at IATA-CSIC (Spain) has presented an analysis of a total of 192 faecal samples from 28 healthy children and 20 children developing allergic symptoms at age seven, from when the children were 1 and 12 months of age. It has…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recently, there has been a huge change in the perception of microbial diseases and a shift in the understanding of how to treat them. It is now recognized that there are few disorders that can be attributed to the presence or absence of a single organism. Rather, the structure of the entire community of microbes constituting the human microbiota often…

Melissa Agnello

Recently, there has been a huge change in the perception of microbial diseases and a shift in the understanding of how to treat them. It is now recognized that there are few disorders that can be attributed to the presence or absence of a single organism. Rather, the structure of the entire community of microbes constituting the human microbiota often…

Melissa Agnello

Human gut microbes function like an organ within the gastrointestinal tract, and homeostasis of the individual in the external environment seems to be highly influenced by the dynamic balance between microbial communities and the immune system. Although research is expanding what is known about gut microbiota’s influence on the gut-brain axis, the mechanisms of enteric nervous system (ENS)-microbe communication need…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Human gut microbes function like an organ within the gastrointestinal tract, and homeostasis of the individual in the external environment seems to be highly influenced by the dynamic balance between microbial communities and the immune system. Although research is expanding what is known about gut microbiota’s influence on the gut-brain axis, the mechanisms of enteric nervous system (ENS)-microbe communication need…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a common infection in which alterations in gut microbiota play an important role in increased susceptibility. Although current research is assessing several clinical features that may predict CDI treatment response, there is a need for consistent predictors of response and recurrence in patients with a first occurrence of CDI. A recent study, led by Dr.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a common infection in which alterations in gut microbiota play an important role in increased susceptibility. Although current research is assessing several clinical features that may predict CDI treatment response, there is a need for consistent predictors of response and recurrence in patients with a first occurrence of CDI. A recent study, led by Dr.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

In addition to playing a crucial role in physiological processes such as digestion of food and vitamin synthesis, the commensal gut microbiota may modulate host susceptibility to enteric pathogens. However, the specific mechanisms by which individual bacterial species contribute to pathogen tolerance are poorly studied. A recent report, led by Dr. Howard C. Hang from the Laboratory of Chemical Biology…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

In addition to playing a crucial role in physiological processes such as digestion of food and vitamin synthesis, the commensal gut microbiota may modulate host susceptibility to enteric pathogens. However, the specific mechanisms by which individual bacterial species contribute to pathogen tolerance are poorly studied. A recent report, led by Dr. Howard C. Hang from the Laboratory of Chemical Biology…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Individuals with cirrhosis have been reported to show a duodenal bacterial dysbiosis that might be related to the composition of the oral microbiota. Although the relationship between cirrhosis and gut microbiota is only observational and causality cannot be inferred yet, studying the effects of probiotics in patients with cirrhosis is promising. A recent study, led by Vanessa Stadlbauer from the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Individuals with cirrhosis have been reported to show a duodenal bacterial dysbiosis that might be related to the composition of the oral microbiota. Although the relationship between cirrhosis and gut microbiota is only observational and causality cannot be inferred yet, studying the effects of probiotics in patients with cirrhosis is promising. A recent study, led by Vanessa Stadlbauer from the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence is increasing worldwide, with decreasing age of onset, suggesting that early-life environmental exposures may be involved. The first 3 years of life (also termed a ‘window of opportunity’) may represent the most critical period for dietary interventions aimed at gut microbiota modulation for improving child growth and development. In this context, disruption of early-life interactions…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence is increasing worldwide, with decreasing age of onset, suggesting that early-life environmental exposures may be involved. The first 3 years of life (also termed a ‘window of opportunity’) may represent the most critical period for dietary interventions aimed at gut microbiota modulation for improving child growth and development. In this context, disruption of early-life interactions…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is well known that gut microbiota in early life is linked to several immune-related diseases. It has been previously reported that during the first 100 days of life there is a window where microbe-based diagnostics and therapeutics may be useful to prevent the development of asthma in high-risk individuals. A recent study, led by Prof. Susan Lynch from the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is well known that gut microbiota in early life is linked to several immune-related diseases. It has been previously reported that during the first 100 days of life there is a window where microbe-based diagnostics and therapeutics may be useful to prevent the development of asthma in high-risk individuals. A recent study, led by Prof. Susan Lynch from the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition involving an immune reaction that is triggered by dietary gluten, found in wheat, barley and rye. Partially digested gluten peptides can trigger symptoms in genetically susceptible individuals, expressing HLA-DQ2 or DQ8 genes. While necessary for disease development, the expression of DQ2/DQ8 is not sufficient for disease development, suggesting a critical role for environmental factors.…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.

Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition involving an immune reaction that is triggered by dietary gluten, found in wheat, barley and rye. Partially digested gluten peptides can trigger symptoms in genetically susceptible individuals, expressing HLA-DQ2 or DQ8 genes. While necessary for disease development, the expression of DQ2/DQ8 is not sufficient for disease development, suggesting a critical role for environmental factors.…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.