We all know that probiotics are beneficial bacteria for our health. Moreover, to be considered probiotics, the strains used must have demonstrated their benefit in the host. You may have purchased fermented products containing probiotics sometimes in your life, but did you know that there are many probiotics and that, while they share some common properties, they differ in health benefits they bring you?
In general, probiotics help the immune system function properly, among other things, by teaching it the difference between good and pathogenic bacteria. Probiotics help to the digestion of certain fibers, resulting in the production of health-enhancing molecules, the short chain fatty acids. Finally, they produce certain vitamins (K and B) that human cannot produce.
What are the most well-known specific benefits? Probiotics help replenish the intestinal microbiota after antibiotic treatment. They are of interest in preventing some common infections such as respiratory infections, or, to improve some daily or travel-related digestive disorders. There are also indicated in infant’s cases of eczema or colic. Finally, they help with the lactose digestion.
Moreover, when taking probiotics, it is important to know what health benefit you are looking for in order to be able to choose the product that brings the most suitable strain(s).