During the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit, University of Michigan researcher Eric Martens explained why reading and understanding the labels of different types of fibers is so complicated for most people.

Recent analyses have shown high inter-individual differences in particular bacterial groups related to obesity and these data highlight the difficulty in finding a simple taxonomic signature of obesity in the gut microbiome and predicting the most important factor driving human weight change.

A new randomized, double-blind and controlled multicenter clinical study has found that a synbiotic formula supplemented with short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides/long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides and Bifidobacterium breve M-16V may modulate healthy toddlers’ gut microbiota by increasing levels of Bifidobacterium.