Until not so long, it was thought that disturbances in gut microbiota, what is medically called ‘dysbiosis’, were associated to disease. Nevertheless, scientists have discovered that there is a particular period in life where changes reveal to be key to health, and that moment is pregnancy.

Researcher Omry Koren, from Bar Ilan University, in Israel, studies what happens to microbiota along gestation and whether it can be positively impacted with the use of prebiotics and probiotics in order to prevent any complications. During the 5th Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2016, held in Miami, we asked him about those changes in the mother’s gut microbiota during pregnancy and here’s what he told us.