Antibiotics

10 Mar 2015

by GMFH Editing Team

Also called antibacterials, antibiotics are types of molecules that can block the growth of certain bacteria and are commonly prescribed to treat bacterial infections as well as certain parasites. Antibiotics are useless against viruses like the ones that cause the

Antibody

10 Mar 2015

by GMFH Editing Team

An antibody, also called immunoglobulin, is a protein produced by the body’s immune system in response to the detection of the presence of a perceived foreign substance. This substance, called antigen, can be a bacterium, a parasite, or even molecules

Antigen

10 Mar 2015

by GMFH Editing Team

Any substance that can stimulate the production of antibodies and combine specifically with them.

Autoimmune disorder

11 Mar 2015

by GMFH Editing Team

Autoimmune disorders are a group of different conditions that arise when the immune system confuses its own healthy body tissues for antigens or foreign elements, and attacks them in order to destroy them. The exact cause for the onset of

Bacteria

26 Feb 2015

by GMFH Editing Team

Bacteria are a large group of prokaryotic microorganisms (cells lacking a nucleus, as opposed to eukaryotic ones, that have nucleus, and that form the human body) that were among the first life forms to appear on Earth. They are commonly

Bifidobacteria

5 Apr 2016

by GMFH Editing Team

A genus of bacterial species naturally present in a mammal’s gut. You can also find these bacteria in fermented foods (such as dairy products) or in dietary supplements.

Bloating

16 Sep 2015

by GMFH Editing Team

Abdominal bloating is a condition in which the abdomen swells and gets tight. More common in women, it can cause belly pain that varies from mild to intense. It is provoked by excess gas, when said gas does not pass

Clostridium difficile (or C. difficile)

11 Mar 2015

by GMFH Editing Team

A species of bacteria that lives harmlessly in the gut of many people. In the gut’s microbial community, there is a balance between the “good” bacteria (beneficial) and potentially harmful ones (pathogenic). Problems begin when an imbalance occurs, often due

Colon

5 Apr 2016

by GMFH Editing Team

The colon, also known as the large intestine, is the last part of the digestive tract. It allows the absorption of water and essential vitamins produced by gut bacteria and the transformation of non-digested residues, which is the origin of

Commensal (bacteria)

11 Mar 2015

by GMFH Editing Team

The term commensalism refers to a type of relationship between two different organisms that “eat from the same dish”. In this kind of relationship, neither benefits from the other or provokes any harm. It is therefore a neutral relationship. Other