Tag Archives: Gut microbiota

Bariatric surgery (BS) appears as a solution for managing cardiovascular risk in people with a severe and morbid Body Mass Index (BMI > 35-40 kg/m2). Although previous research has shown that the gut microbiota profile in obesity is characterized by low microbial gene richness and is correlated with some metabolic and inflammatory markers, little is known about its contribution to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Bariatric surgery (BS) appears as a solution for managing cardiovascular risk in people with a severe and morbid Body Mass Index (BMI > 35-40 kg/m2). Although previous research has shown that the gut microbiota profile in obesity is characterized by low microbial gene richness and is correlated with some metabolic and inflammatory markers, little is known about its contribution to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

The increase in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) that comes with age has been related to an arterial dysfunction linked to higher inflammatory and oxidative stress responses. Although there is suggestion that a perturbed gut microbiome plays a role in the aging phenotype and the onset of physical frailty, the mechanisms that link changes in gut microbiome composition and an increased risk…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The increase in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) that comes with age has been related to an arterial dysfunction linked to higher inflammatory and oxidative stress responses. Although there is suggestion that a perturbed gut microbiome plays a role in the aging phenotype and the onset of physical frailty, the mechanisms that link changes in gut microbiome composition and an increased risk…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Probiotics have different potential therapeutic uses, although their mechanisms of action and how they might change after administration are not fully studied. In contrast to traditional drugs, probiotics can evolve during treatment, but how this process works inside the gut remains largely elusive. A new study, led by Dr. Gautam Dantas from the Washington University School of Medicine in St.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Probiotics have different potential therapeutic uses, although their mechanisms of action and how they might change after administration are not fully studied. In contrast to traditional drugs, probiotics can evolve during treatment, but how this process works inside the gut remains largely elusive. A new study, led by Dr. Gautam Dantas from the Washington University School of Medicine in St.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is clear that the gut plays an important role in health. Beyond digestion and absorption of nutrients, the intestine acts as a barrier and a filter, selecting for the good and eliminating the bad. Recent research has shown the importance of the gut microbiota for gut health, and diet remains one of the most powerful ways to influence this…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.

It is clear that the gut plays an important role in health. Beyond digestion and absorption of nutrients, the intestine acts as a barrier and a filter, selecting for the good and eliminating the bad. Recent research has shown the importance of the gut microbiota for gut health, and diet remains one of the most powerful ways to influence this…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.

Celiac disease is a common food sensitivity triggered by gluten and its incidence is rising at an alarming rate. The reasons for this are not fully understood but suggestions are that they relate to changes in gut microbial composition or function. As part of previous research into gluten digestion processes, Dr. Alberto Caminero of  McMaster University (Canada) had described a…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.

Celiac disease is a common food sensitivity triggered by gluten and its incidence is rising at an alarming rate. The reasons for this are not fully understood but suggestions are that they relate to changes in gut microbial composition or function. As part of previous research into gluten digestion processes, Dr. Alberto Caminero of  McMaster University (Canada) had described a…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.

Ask your grandparents. It is likely that when they were children, they probably had never heard about anyone being allergic to milk or to peanuts. And having asthma was almost incidental. And what about now? One can bet for sure you know people with asthma or atopic dermatitis. Allergic diseases are more and more on the rise and indeed they…

Cristina Sáez
Cristina Saez is a freelance science journalist. She works for several media, for instance the Spanish newspaper La Vanguardia, where she coordinates the science section, Big Vang; as well as research centres and scientific societies. She has been awarded for her journalistic work, among others, with the Boehringer Ingelheim Award in Medical Journalism 2015. Follow Cristina on Twitter @saez_cristina

Ask your grandparents. It is likely that when they were children, they probably had never heard about anyone being allergic to milk or to peanuts. And having asthma was almost incidental. And what about now? One can bet for sure you know people with asthma or atopic dermatitis. Allergic diseases are more and more on the rise and indeed they…

Cristina Sáez
Cristina Saez is a freelance science journalist. She works for several media, for instance the Spanish newspaper La Vanguardia, where she coordinates the science section, Big Vang; as well as research centres and scientific societies. She has been awarded for her journalistic work, among others, with the Boehringer Ingelheim Award in Medical Journalism 2015. Follow Cristina on Twitter @saez_cristina

Fermented foods have been produced and consumed since the beginning of human civilization and are now, once again, becoming more prevalent in our diets and in a variety of forms. Prof. Robert Hutkins from the University of Nebraska (USA) studies the role of beneficial microbes in manufacturing fermented foods and in human health. In January 2019, he published the second…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Fermented foods have been produced and consumed since the beginning of human civilization and are now, once again, becoming more prevalent in our diets and in a variety of forms. Prof. Robert Hutkins from the University of Nebraska (USA) studies the role of beneficial microbes in manufacturing fermented foods and in human health. In January 2019, he published the second…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The existing evidence about a different gut microbiota composition between healthy and obese or type 2 diabetic patients has led scientists to study the role of gut microbes in the onset and development of metabolic diseases. Several mechanisms by which the gut microbiota may interfere with energy metabolism are currently being explored, though it is not fully understood how the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The existing evidence about a different gut microbiota composition between healthy and obese or type 2 diabetic patients has led scientists to study the role of gut microbes in the onset and development of metabolic diseases. Several mechanisms by which the gut microbiota may interfere with energy metabolism are currently being explored, though it is not fully understood how the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The intestinal barrier is the first line of defense against pathogens and antigens in the gut and it encompasses both physical and chemical properties. However, little is known about its critical function for maintaining health and how barrier function is influenced by the microbiota under healthy conditions or in physiological states. Have a look at our new Gut Microbiota for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The intestinal barrier is the first line of defense against pathogens and antigens in the gut and it encompasses both physical and chemical properties. However, little is known about its critical function for maintaining health and how barrier function is influenced by the microbiota under healthy conditions or in physiological states. Have a look at our new Gut Microbiota for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Microbiome studies carried out in the past decade have led to an enhanced understanding of the gut microbiome in human health. However, most of these studies have been carried out in western countries and the Indian gut microbiome is not well explored. Since dietary habits and lifestyle play a key role in shaping the gut microbiome, large differences in the…

Vineet K. Sharma
Dr. Sharma has been an Associate Professor at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal since July 2011. Dr. Sharma obtained his PhD in Bioinformatics and Biomedical Sciences from IGIB, New Delhi in 2006. After completing his doctoral research, he worked as a scientist at RIKEN, Japan for five years and joined IISER Bhopal after returning to India. He is also the founder and coordinator of the Innovation and Incubation Centre of Entrepreneurship (IICE) at IISER Bhopal. The main focus of Dr. Sharma’s lab is to reveal and analyze the human-associated microbiome among the Indian population and carry out comparative studies with different populations to gain functional insights, while also making comparisons with healthy and disease datasets. Dr. Sharma’s groups also recently sequenced the genome of the peacock, which is the national bird of India.

Microbiome studies carried out in the past decade have led to an enhanced understanding of the gut microbiome in human health. However, most of these studies have been carried out in western countries and the Indian gut microbiome is not well explored. Since dietary habits and lifestyle play a key role in shaping the gut microbiome, large differences in the…

Vineet K. Sharma
Dr. Sharma has been an Associate Professor at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal since July 2011. Dr. Sharma obtained his PhD in Bioinformatics and Biomedical Sciences from IGIB, New Delhi in 2006. After completing his doctoral research, he worked as a scientist at RIKEN, Japan for five years and joined IISER Bhopal after returning to India. He is also the founder and coordinator of the Innovation and Incubation Centre of Entrepreneurship (IICE) at IISER Bhopal. The main focus of Dr. Sharma’s lab is to reveal and analyze the human-associated microbiome among the Indian population and carry out comparative studies with different populations to gain functional insights, while also making comparisons with healthy and disease datasets. Dr. Sharma’s groups also recently sequenced the genome of the peacock, which is the national bird of India.