Tag Archives: Gut microbiome

Bariatric surgery (BS) appears as a solution for managing cardiovascular risk in people with a severe and morbid Body Mass Index (BMI > 35-40 kg/m2). Although previous research has shown that the gut microbiota profile in obesity is characterized by low microbial gene richness and is correlated with some metabolic and inflammatory markers, little is known about its contribution to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Bariatric surgery (BS) appears as a solution for managing cardiovascular risk in people with a severe and morbid Body Mass Index (BMI > 35-40 kg/m2). Although previous research has shown that the gut microbiota profile in obesity is characterized by low microbial gene richness and is correlated with some metabolic and inflammatory markers, little is known about its contribution to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Although the underlying mechanisms involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathogenesis remain elusive, it is known that certain genes, which are shared by both Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, may show a predisposition to the development of this disease. Furthermore, the intestinal bacterial and fungal microbiota might also drive disease pathogenesis and progression. Despite this knowledge, the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although the underlying mechanisms involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathogenesis remain elusive, it is known that certain genes, which are shared by both Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, may show a predisposition to the development of this disease. Furthermore, the intestinal bacterial and fungal microbiota might also drive disease pathogenesis and progression. Despite this knowledge, the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Diet is the most widely studied modifiable factor for shaping gut microbiota composition and function and we are beginning to understand how isolated macronutrients and micronutrients modify the gut microbiome. As nutrients are rarely consumed in isolation, scientists are moving toward examining the ability of dietary patterns to modulate the intestinal microbiota under both physiological and pathological conditions. Two recent…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Diet is the most widely studied modifiable factor for shaping gut microbiota composition and function and we are beginning to understand how isolated macronutrients and micronutrients modify the gut microbiome. As nutrients are rarely consumed in isolation, scientists are moving toward examining the ability of dietary patterns to modulate the intestinal microbiota under both physiological and pathological conditions. Two recent…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The last decade in microbiome research has allowed scientists to learn that diet is a major determinant of the composition and function of the human gut microbiota. However, one of the main challenges of human microbiome studies is determining the effects of specific nutrient groups on the microbiome. Although non-digestible carbohydrates are gut microbes' preferred fuel and have attracted much…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The last decade in microbiome research has allowed scientists to learn that diet is a major determinant of the composition and function of the human gut microbiota. However, one of the main challenges of human microbiome studies is determining the effects of specific nutrient groups on the microbiome. Although non-digestible carbohydrates are gut microbes' preferred fuel and have attracted much…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Of all non-digestible carbohydrates, the scientific community is paying special attention to resistant starches (RS) that reach the colon intact, where they are subsequently metabolized via gut bacteria. Their benefits for host health may range from affecting insulin’s control of blood sugar and weight to slowing down chronic kidney disease progression and they likely arise from a multitude of mechanisms…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Of all non-digestible carbohydrates, the scientific community is paying special attention to resistant starches (RS) that reach the colon intact, where they are subsequently metabolized via gut bacteria. Their benefits for host health may range from affecting insulin’s control of blood sugar and weight to slowing down chronic kidney disease progression and they likely arise from a multitude of mechanisms…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is a well-known fact that a broad range of drugs can affect gut microbiota composition. Furthermore, the gut microbiome may affect drug efficacy and toxicity—previous findings have suggested that gut microbes could shape benefits from cancer immunotherapy—thus contributing to the explanation of why not all patients respond in the same way to the same medication. However, little is known…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is a well-known fact that a broad range of drugs can affect gut microbiota composition. Furthermore, the gut microbiome may affect drug efficacy and toxicity—previous findings have suggested that gut microbes could shape benefits from cancer immunotherapy—thus contributing to the explanation of why not all patients respond in the same way to the same medication. However, little is known…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Until now, the gut microbiome has been an underexplored factor in the development of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, scientists agree that the time has come to start considering our microbiota as a new player in the current treatment of AN patients, given the close interactions between intestinal bacteria and mood, behavior, appetite and gastrointestinal physiology. A new narrative review, led…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Until now, the gut microbiome has been an underexplored factor in the development of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, scientists agree that the time has come to start considering our microbiota as a new player in the current treatment of AN patients, given the close interactions between intestinal bacteria and mood, behavior, appetite and gastrointestinal physiology. A new narrative review, led…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over the past five years, the European Union-funded microbiome project MyNewGut, coordinated by Yolanda Sanz (CSIC, Spain), has looked at the gut microbiota’s influence on energy balance, brain development, diet-related diseases and behavior. Now, the project has come to an end and MyNewGut’s main findings and achievements were presented at the MyNewGut Final Conference on 18 October 2018 in Brussels…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Over the past five years, the European Union-funded microbiome project MyNewGut, coordinated by Yolanda Sanz (CSIC, Spain), has looked at the gut microbiota’s influence on energy balance, brain development, diet-related diseases and behavior. Now, the project has come to an end and MyNewGut’s main findings and achievements were presented at the MyNewGut Final Conference on 18 October 2018 in Brussels…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Besides diet, several other factors such as host genetics, ethnicity, age, medication, chronic diseases, physical exercise, stress, and sleep can all affect gut microbial composition. During the first 2 to 3 years of life, gut microbiota modulation appears to play a critical in later health outcomes. However, little is known about the impact of early lifestyle events on the gut…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Besides diet, several other factors such as host genetics, ethnicity, age, medication, chronic diseases, physical exercise, stress, and sleep can all affect gut microbial composition. During the first 2 to 3 years of life, gut microbiota modulation appears to play a critical in later health outcomes. However, little is known about the impact of early lifestyle events on the gut…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Hypotheses regarding the current rise in food allergies in Westernized countries tend to focus on the effect of an altered gut microbiome due to lifestyle changes. Among them, Westernized dietary patterns (but also antibiotic misuse and higher rates of Caesarean birth), have been the most closely studied factors in terms of their possible adverse effect on the gut microbiome, especially…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Hypotheses regarding the current rise in food allergies in Westernized countries tend to focus on the effect of an altered gut microbiome due to lifestyle changes. Among them, Westernized dietary patterns (but also antibiotic misuse and higher rates of Caesarean birth), have been the most closely studied factors in terms of their possible adverse effect on the gut microbiome, especially…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados