Tag Archives: Gut microbiome

The microorganisms that live in our guts are more important than many of us think. However, one of the biggest threats to the health and diversity of our gut microbiota is the inappropriate use of antibiotics. To raise awareness on this issue and empower people to use antibiotics responsibility, the World Microbiome Day 2019 theme is ‘Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics.’…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.

The microorganisms that live in our guts are more important than many of us think. However, one of the biggest threats to the health and diversity of our gut microbiota is the inappropriate use of antibiotics. To raise awareness on this issue and empower people to use antibiotics responsibility, the World Microbiome Day 2019 theme is ‘Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics.’…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although twin research has shown that gut microbiota features a heritable component, we do not know whether gut microbial genetic variations can shape phenotypic differences that affect host health. A new study, led by Dr. Eran Segal from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot (Israel), has identified structural variations in gut microbial genomes that vary across people and are…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although twin research has shown that gut microbiota features a heritable component, we do not know whether gut microbial genetic variations can shape phenotypic differences that affect host health. A new study, led by Dr. Eran Segal from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot (Israel), has identified structural variations in gut microbial genomes that vary across people and are…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Bariatric surgery (BS) appears as a solution for managing cardiovascular risk in people with a severe and morbid Body Mass Index (BMI > 35-40 kg/m2). Although previous research has shown that the gut microbiota profile in obesity is characterized by low microbial gene richness and is correlated with some metabolic and inflammatory markers, little is known about its contribution to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Bariatric surgery (BS) appears as a solution for managing cardiovascular risk in people with a severe and morbid Body Mass Index (BMI > 35-40 kg/m2). Although previous research has shown that the gut microbiota profile in obesity is characterized by low microbial gene richness and is correlated with some metabolic and inflammatory markers, little is known about its contribution to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Although the underlying mechanisms involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathogenesis remain elusive, it is known that certain genes, which are shared by both Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, may show a predisposition to the development of this disease. Furthermore, the intestinal bacterial and fungal microbiota might also drive disease pathogenesis and progression. Despite this knowledge, the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although the underlying mechanisms involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathogenesis remain elusive, it is known that certain genes, which are shared by both Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, may show a predisposition to the development of this disease. Furthermore, the intestinal bacterial and fungal microbiota might also drive disease pathogenesis and progression. Despite this knowledge, the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Diet is the most widely studied modifiable factor for shaping gut microbiota composition and function and we are beginning to understand how isolated macronutrients and micronutrients modify the gut microbiome. As nutrients are rarely consumed in isolation, scientists are moving toward examining the ability of dietary patterns to modulate the intestinal microbiota under both physiological and pathological conditions. Two recent…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Diet is the most widely studied modifiable factor for shaping gut microbiota composition and function and we are beginning to understand how isolated macronutrients and micronutrients modify the gut microbiome. As nutrients are rarely consumed in isolation, scientists are moving toward examining the ability of dietary patterns to modulate the intestinal microbiota under both physiological and pathological conditions. Two recent…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The last decade in microbiome research has allowed scientists to learn that diet is a major determinant of the composition and function of the human gut microbiota. However, one of the main challenges of human microbiome studies is determining the effects of specific nutrient groups on the microbiome. Although non-digestible carbohydrates are gut microbes' preferred fuel and have attracted much…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The last decade in microbiome research has allowed scientists to learn that diet is a major determinant of the composition and function of the human gut microbiota. However, one of the main challenges of human microbiome studies is determining the effects of specific nutrient groups on the microbiome. Although non-digestible carbohydrates are gut microbes' preferred fuel and have attracted much…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Of all non-digestible carbohydrates, the scientific community is paying special attention to resistant starches (RS) that reach the colon intact, where they are subsequently metabolized via gut bacteria. Their benefits for host health may range from affecting insulin’s control of blood sugar and weight to slowing down chronic kidney disease progression and they likely arise from a multitude of mechanisms…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Of all non-digestible carbohydrates, the scientific community is paying special attention to resistant starches (RS) that reach the colon intact, where they are subsequently metabolized via gut bacteria. Their benefits for host health may range from affecting insulin’s control of blood sugar and weight to slowing down chronic kidney disease progression and they likely arise from a multitude of mechanisms…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is a well-known fact that a broad range of drugs can affect gut microbiota composition. Furthermore, the gut microbiome may affect drug efficacy and toxicity—previous findings have suggested that gut microbes could shape benefits from cancer immunotherapy—thus contributing to the explanation of why not all patients respond in the same way to the same medication. However, little is known…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is a well-known fact that a broad range of drugs can affect gut microbiota composition. Furthermore, the gut microbiome may affect drug efficacy and toxicity—previous findings have suggested that gut microbes could shape benefits from cancer immunotherapy—thus contributing to the explanation of why not all patients respond in the same way to the same medication. However, little is known…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Until now, the gut microbiome has been an underexplored factor in the development of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, scientists agree that the time has come to start considering our microbiota as a new player in the current treatment of AN patients, given the close interactions between intestinal bacteria and mood, behavior, appetite and gastrointestinal physiology. A new narrative review, led…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Until now, the gut microbiome has been an underexplored factor in the development of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, scientists agree that the time has come to start considering our microbiota as a new player in the current treatment of AN patients, given the close interactions between intestinal bacteria and mood, behavior, appetite and gastrointestinal physiology. A new narrative review, led…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team