Pregnancy & early life

News Watch

The brain is the most highly protected organ in the human body. It has a layer of cells covering it that act as a relentless guard that regulates the passage and exchange of nutrients and molecules between the bloodstream and the brain parenchyma, the nervous tissue in the brain. This barrier - the so-called blood-brain barrier - is essential for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The brain is the most highly protected organ in the human body. It has a layer of cells covering it that act as a relentless guard that regulates the passage and exchange of nutrients and molecules between the bloodstream and the brain parenchyma, the nervous tissue in the brain. This barrier - the so-called blood-brain barrier - is essential for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

As we have explained before in this blog, breast milk is one major way in which an infant’s gut microbiota starts developing. We now know that an antibody contained in breast milk provides lifelong protection from illnesses such as the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), by setting up defences in the gut flora of breastfed babies. These are the main findings…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

As we have explained before in this blog, breast milk is one major way in which an infant’s gut microbiota starts developing. We now know that an antibody contained in breast milk provides lifelong protection from illnesses such as the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), by setting up defences in the gut flora of breastfed babies. These are the main findings…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The idea that being exposed to animals since early days might reinforce the immune system (part of the so-called “hygiene hypothesis”) has been referred by different studies, A new study recently published in PNAS reinforces this theory and suggests that this protecting effect is due to the changes undergone by the microbial community living in the digestive tract, the gut…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The idea that being exposed to animals since early days might reinforce the immune system (part of the so-called “hygiene hypothesis”) has been referred by different studies, A new study recently published in PNAS reinforces this theory and suggests that this protecting effect is due to the changes undergone by the microbial community living in the digestive tract, the gut…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The fact that newborns are especially vulnerable to bacterial infections is not necessarily a sign of immaturity or even a bad thing; rather it could be understood as something positive. In experiments with mice carried out by paediatricians at the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital (USA), it has been discovered that a mice newborn’s body deliberately “deactivates” its immune system for a…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The fact that newborns are especially vulnerable to bacterial infections is not necessarily a sign of immaturity or even a bad thing; rather it could be understood as something positive. In experiments with mice carried out by paediatricians at the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital (USA), it has been discovered that a mice newborn’s body deliberately “deactivates” its immune system for a…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

We interviewed Prof. Paul O’Toole, Senior Lecturer at University College Cork, to discuss bacterial colonisation, or how bacteria reach the digestive tract from birth. The kind of birth, the family environment and food are some of the factors that initially influence the development of the gut microbiota, explains Prof. O’Toole. With time, the microbiota stabilises (except when we are affected…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

We interviewed Prof. Paul O’Toole, Senior Lecturer at University College Cork, to discuss bacterial colonisation, or how bacteria reach the digestive tract from birth. The kind of birth, the family environment and food are some of the factors that initially influence the development of the gut microbiota, explains Prof. O’Toole. With time, the microbiota stabilises (except when we are affected…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Research & Practice

During and after birth, the body of a healthy infant is rapidly colonized by microorganisms and several factors can shape microbial colonization. The most studied ones include delivery method, antibiotics, and diet. Establishment of an adult-like microbiome is estimated to occur within the first 3 years of life, and the infant gut microbiome may play an important role in the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

During and after birth, the body of a healthy infant is rapidly colonized by microorganisms and several factors can shape microbial colonization. The most studied ones include delivery method, antibiotics, and diet. Establishment of an adult-like microbiome is estimated to occur within the first 3 years of life, and the infant gut microbiome may play an important role in the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recent research has shed light on the importance of gut microbiota both during pregnancy and early life. Despite recent research that shows the placenta is not sterile, as previously thought, gut microbiota colonization in the first days and weeks after birth appears to have enormous significance for post-natal life, says Professor Olivier Goulet, from Hospital Necker-Enfants Malades (Paris, France). According…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Recent research has shed light on the importance of gut microbiota both during pregnancy and early life. Despite recent research that shows the placenta is not sterile, as previously thought, gut microbiota colonization in the first days and weeks after birth appears to have enormous significance for post-natal life, says Professor Olivier Goulet, from Hospital Necker-Enfants Malades (Paris, France). According…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The prevalence of non-communicable diseases, also known as chronic diseases, is increasing worldwide and altered gut microbiota has been related to their early onset. Probiotic intervention during the perinatal period has been proposed as a way to reduce the risk of some of these diseases, but long-term efficacy and safety studies are lacking. A recent study, led by Dr. Erika…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The prevalence of non-communicable diseases, also known as chronic diseases, is increasing worldwide and altered gut microbiota has been related to their early onset. Probiotic intervention during the perinatal period has been proposed as a way to reduce the risk of some of these diseases, but long-term efficacy and safety studies are lacking. A recent study, led by Dr. Erika…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Maternal microbiota, mode of delivery, type of infant feeding and other factors can influence the infant microbiota in the perinatal period. Microbiota composition in the neonatal period and beyond seems to have a relevant role in health, but researchers still have much to learn about the microbiota assembly process in healthy term infants and which aspects could have a causal…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Maternal microbiota, mode of delivery, type of infant feeding and other factors can influence the infant microbiota in the perinatal period. Microbiota composition in the neonatal period and beyond seems to have a relevant role in health, but researchers still have much to learn about the microbiota assembly process in healthy term infants and which aspects could have a causal…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent study led by Dr. Alex Mira (FISABIO, Spain) and Dr. Maria C. Jenmalm (Linköping University, Sweden) and researchers at IATA-CSIC (Spain) has presented an analysis of a total of 192 faecal samples from 28 healthy children and 20 children developing allergic symptoms at age seven, from when the children were 1 and 12 months of age. It has…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent study led by Dr. Alex Mira (FISABIO, Spain) and Dr. Maria C. Jenmalm (Linköping University, Sweden) and researchers at IATA-CSIC (Spain) has presented an analysis of a total of 192 faecal samples from 28 healthy children and 20 children developing allergic symptoms at age seven, from when the children were 1 and 12 months of age. It has…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados