Nutrition

News Watch

It is often said that “we are what we eat” and, as research into the relationship between diet and the gut microbiota progresses, the expression becomes even more meaningful. It is well known that a diet rich in live cultures like probiotics may change the composition of the gut flora. Furthermore, consuming this kind of products may also influence brain…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is often said that “we are what we eat” and, as research into the relationship between diet and the gut microbiota progresses, the expression becomes even more meaningful. It is well known that a diet rich in live cultures like probiotics may change the composition of the gut flora. Furthermore, consuming this kind of products may also influence brain…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

L-carnitine, a chemical compound widely present in red meat (and also some energy drinks), alters the composition of gut microbiota, leading to a potentially increased risk of heart disease. A study carried out by researchers at Cleveland Clinic (United States) has shown that the change in the bacteria living in the digestive tract leads to an increase in a compound…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

L-carnitine, a chemical compound widely present in red meat (and also some energy drinks), alters the composition of gut microbiota, leading to a potentially increased risk of heart disease. A study carried out by researchers at Cleveland Clinic (United States) has shown that the change in the bacteria living in the digestive tract leads to an increase in a compound…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Chocolate has a privileged place on the list of the most tempting foods. This food of the gods as tells its Latin name Theobroma cacao given by the noted Swedish nosologist Carl Linnaeus in 1753, has been ennobled in many countries around the globe as a curative drug, a culinary delight, and even a currency for commodity trading, retaining its…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Chocolate has a privileged place on the list of the most tempting foods. This food of the gods as tells its Latin name Theobroma cacao given by the noted Swedish nosologist Carl Linnaeus in 1753, has been ennobled in many countries around the globe as a curative drug, a culinary delight, and even a currency for commodity trading, retaining its…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is now widely recognized that gut microbiota plays a key role in health and that changes in its composition could be at the origin of several chronic conditions including obesity, diabetes and inflammatory diseases. The composition of the intes healthy adults, however, is more stable compared to the one in children and older people. Moreover, studies have shown that…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is now widely recognized that gut microbiota plays a key role in health and that changes in its composition could be at the origin of several chronic conditions including obesity, diabetes and inflammatory diseases. The composition of the intes healthy adults, however, is more stable compared to the one in children and older people. Moreover, studies have shown that…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

How many times have you heard that drinking a daily glass of red wine is good for your health? Thanks to a research done by Spanish group of scientists; we now know that a moderate intake of red wine could also be good for your gut microbiota. Results from this research were published at the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

How many times have you heard that drinking a daily glass of red wine is good for your health? Thanks to a research done by Spanish group of scientists; we now know that a moderate intake of red wine could also be good for your gut microbiota. Results from this research were published at the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Research & Practice

Previous research has shown that lifestyle and dietary habits may influence both gut microbiota composition and its possible impact on colorectal cancer (CRC) origin and progression. However, the mechanisms involved in how dietary patterns—in particular omnivorous, vegetarian, and vegan eating habits—impact genotoxic and mutagenic risk markers in the gut have not been fully elucidated. A recent study, led by Prof.…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Previous research has shown that lifestyle and dietary habits may influence both gut microbiota composition and its possible impact on colorectal cancer (CRC) origin and progression. However, the mechanisms involved in how dietary patterns—in particular omnivorous, vegetarian, and vegan eating habits—impact genotoxic and mutagenic risk markers in the gut have not been fully elucidated. A recent study, led by Prof.…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Previous research has shown that human gut microbial communities may be grouped into three types-called enterotypes-driven by high abundances of Bacteroides (enterotype 1), Prevotella (enterotype 2) and Ruminococcus (enterotype 3). Although gut microbiota may mediate the relationship between dietary habits and cardiovascular diseases, the role of enterotypes in understanding mechanisms linking dietary habits to cardiometabolic diseases has not been explored…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Previous research has shown that human gut microbial communities may be grouped into three types-called enterotypes-driven by high abundances of Bacteroides (enterotype 1), Prevotella (enterotype 2) and Ruminococcus (enterotype 3). Although gut microbiota may mediate the relationship between dietary habits and cardiovascular diseases, the role of enterotypes in understanding mechanisms linking dietary habits to cardiometabolic diseases has not been explored…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Gut microbiota dysbiosis, which has been defined as “the altered proportion and activity of bacterial groups of gut microbiota”, is suspected to be involved in several metabolic diseases such as hepatic steatosis, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. However, the underlying mechanisms are still a matter of debate. In a recent study, led by Dr. Matteo Serino from the Institut Nacional…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Gut microbiota dysbiosis, which has been defined as “the altered proportion and activity of bacterial groups of gut microbiota”, is suspected to be involved in several metabolic diseases such as hepatic steatosis, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. However, the underlying mechanisms are still a matter of debate. In a recent study, led by Dr. Matteo Serino from the Institut Nacional…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction involving neurological and psychiatric changes associated with liver insufficiency or portal-systemic shunting with a severity that ranges from minor symptoms to coma. There have been reported differences in gut microbiota between those with and without hepatic encephalopathy. A previous Cochrane systematic review including 38 randomised clinical trials on non-absorbable disaccharides (lactulose and lactitol) versus…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction involving neurological and psychiatric changes associated with liver insufficiency or portal-systemic shunting with a severity that ranges from minor symptoms to coma. There have been reported differences in gut microbiota between those with and without hepatic encephalopathy. A previous Cochrane systematic review including 38 randomised clinical trials on non-absorbable disaccharides (lactulose and lactitol) versus…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Childhood obesity is increasing worldwide and it has been reported that associations between appetite and adiposity are consistent with a behavioural susceptibility model of obesity. Prebiotics have been shown to decrease food intake and reduce body fat in overweight and obese adults. A previous study has shown that a diet rich in non-digestible carbohydrates may modulate gut microbiota and alleviate…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Childhood obesity is increasing worldwide and it has been reported that associations between appetite and adiposity are consistent with a behavioural susceptibility model of obesity. Prebiotics have been shown to decrease food intake and reduce body fat in overweight and obese adults. A previous study has shown that a diet rich in non-digestible carbohydrates may modulate gut microbiota and alleviate…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados