Gut Microbiota

News Watch

It is now widely recognized that gut microbiota plays a key role in health and that changes in its composition could be at the origin of several chronic conditions including obesity, diabetes and inflammatory diseases. The composition of the intes healthy adults, however, is more stable compared to the one in children and older people. Moreover, studies have shown that…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is now widely recognized that gut microbiota plays a key role in health and that changes in its composition could be at the origin of several chronic conditions including obesity, diabetes and inflammatory diseases. The composition of the intes healthy adults, however, is more stable compared to the one in children and older people. Moreover, studies have shown that…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

After the success of the First Gut Microbiota for Health Summit (Evian, March 2012), the second edition has been planned for February 2013. From the 24th to the 26th of February, Madrid (Spain) will be the capital of gut microbiota. This international event will gather more than 200 scientists from different fields of expertise who are leading the latest discoveries…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

After the success of the First Gut Microbiota for Health Summit (Evian, March 2012), the second edition has been planned for February 2013. From the 24th to the 26th of February, Madrid (Spain) will be the capital of gut microbiota. This international event will gather more than 200 scientists from different fields of expertise who are leading the latest discoveries…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

In this interview, Prof. James Versalovic says that, as for the Human Genome Project, we’re only witnessing the first steps of gut microbiota research. In the course of the past few years, the scientific question has evolved from “what bacteria live with us?” to “what do they do?”, a key element when trying to define the gut microbiota as a multi-cellular microbial…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

In this interview, Prof. James Versalovic says that, as for the Human Genome Project, we’re only witnessing the first steps of gut microbiota research. In the course of the past few years, the scientific question has evolved from “what bacteria live with us?” to “what do they do?”, a key element when trying to define the gut microbiota as a multi-cellular microbial…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Great projects such as Human Microbiome Project and MetaHIT have arrived to the end in the last two years, but it doesn’t mean research on gut microbiota stops. A second generation of studies has started, evidencing the relevance of this topic. Scientist are focusing on gut microbiota, increasing the current knowledge about its importance and relation with our health and…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Great projects such as Human Microbiome Project and MetaHIT have arrived to the end in the last two years, but it doesn’t mean research on gut microbiota stops. A second generation of studies has started, evidencing the relevance of this topic. Scientist are focusing on gut microbiota, increasing the current knowledge about its importance and relation with our health and…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The year 2012 is coming to an end and we would like to take this opportunity to remind everyone why we believe that it has been the year of the gut microbiota. Back in 2011, the European Society for Neurogastroenterology & Motility created the Gut Microbiota and Health Section to focus on this field. The launch of this new section,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The year 2012 is coming to an end and we would like to take this opportunity to remind everyone why we believe that it has been the year of the gut microbiota. Back in 2011, the European Society for Neurogastroenterology & Motility created the Gut Microbiota and Health Section to focus on this field. The launch of this new section,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Research & Practice

Previous research has shown that the severity of immunodeficiency in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is related to changes in both the gut virome and bacterial microbiome. Although microbiota-targeted interventions are considered nowadays a potential therapeutic strategy for HIV-infected subjects, little data is available regarding the efficacy of those interventions in humans. A new double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, led by…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the severity of immunodeficiency in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is related to changes in both the gut virome and bacterial microbiome. Although microbiota-targeted interventions are considered nowadays a potential therapeutic strategy for HIV-infected subjects, little data is available regarding the efficacy of those interventions in humans. A new double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, led by…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The human gut microbiota composition and metabolic activities are modulated by the diet, and reciprocally, host metabolism and metabolites also interact with the gut microbiota and diet, shaping a complex interacting network that relates to gut health. Several factors can influence the human gut microbiota, with diet being a very important one. Not only dietary pattern (vegetarian vs. omnivorous dietary…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

The human gut microbiota composition and metabolic activities are modulated by the diet, and reciprocally, host metabolism and metabolites also interact with the gut microbiota and diet, shaping a complex interacting network that relates to gut health. Several factors can influence the human gut microbiota, with diet being a very important one. Not only dietary pattern (vegetarian vs. omnivorous dietary…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been previously reported as an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI). Preclinical and clinical data have shown that restoration of donor-like beta diversity (i.e. species diversity compared to another individual) did not always correspond to direct restoration of an individual’s alpha diversity (i.e. the mean species diversity on a local scale), which suggests…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been previously reported as an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI). Preclinical and clinical data have shown that restoration of donor-like beta diversity (i.e. species diversity compared to another individual) did not always correspond to direct restoration of an individual’s alpha diversity (i.e. the mean species diversity on a local scale), which suggests…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

“Standing room only” was reported from the microbiome presentations at the recent Digestive Disease Week 2017 (#DDW17)—not an unusual circumstance at academic and medical conferences all around the world. And it’s no surprise that scientists and health professionals are keen to increase their knowledge, since microbiome-related diagnostics and interventions may soon add valuable tools to the arsenal of modern medicine.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

“Standing room only” was reported from the microbiome presentations at the recent Digestive Disease Week 2017 (#DDW17)—not an unusual circumstance at academic and medical conferences all around the world. And it’s no surprise that scientists and health professionals are keen to increase their knowledge, since microbiome-related diagnostics and interventions may soon add valuable tools to the arsenal of modern medicine.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Previous preclinical and clinical data have reported that alterations in the bidirectional interactions of the central nervous system with the gut (called the gut-brain axis) may be involved in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) pathophysiology. Interestingly, IBS symptom severity has also been related to faecal microbiota signature. However, it is still uncertain to what extent gut microbial composition can be used…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous preclinical and clinical data have reported that alterations in the bidirectional interactions of the central nervous system with the gut (called the gut-brain axis) may be involved in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) pathophysiology. Interestingly, IBS symptom severity has also been related to faecal microbiota signature. However, it is still uncertain to what extent gut microbial composition can be used…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados