Gut Microbiota

News Watch

Professor Joël Doré, Head of Research at the Unit for the Ecology and Physiology of the Digestive System at the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA), already explained why the term ‘microflora’ or ‘gut flora’ has been replaced by ‘gut microbiota’. This time, Prof. Doré focuses on the composition of gut microbiota,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Professor Joël Doré, Head of Research at the Unit for the Ecology and Physiology of the Digestive System at the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA), already explained why the term ‘microflora’ or ‘gut flora’ has been replaced by ‘gut microbiota’. This time, Prof. Doré focuses on the composition of gut microbiota,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

L-carnitine, a chemical compound widely present in red meat (and also some energy drinks), alters the composition of gut microbiota, leading to a potentially increased risk of heart disease. A study carried out by researchers at Cleveland Clinic (United States) has shown that the change in the bacteria living in the digestive tract leads to an increase in a compound…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

L-carnitine, a chemical compound widely present in red meat (and also some energy drinks), alters the composition of gut microbiota, leading to a potentially increased risk of heart disease. A study carried out by researchers at Cleveland Clinic (United States) has shown that the change in the bacteria living in the digestive tract leads to an increase in a compound…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

In spite of being a technique that professionals began to practice and research decades ago, gut microbiota transplantation is an issue that is sparking considerable interest right now as a possible treatment for infections of the intestine (especially those produced by the Clostridium difficile bacteria). Professor Lawrence Brandt, of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine (USA), is one of the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

In spite of being a technique that professionals began to practice and research decades ago, gut microbiota transplantation is an issue that is sparking considerable interest right now as a possible treatment for infections of the intestine (especially those produced by the Clostridium difficile bacteria). Professor Lawrence Brandt, of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine (USA), is one of the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The type of birth (vaginal delivery or C-section) affects the development of gut microbiota in newborns and may affect their health later in life, according to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. Canadian researchers studied the development of the gut bacteria – gut microbiota – of newborns according to delivery type in order to analyse how this…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The type of birth (vaginal delivery or C-section) affects the development of gut microbiota in newborns and may affect their health later in life, according to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. Canadian researchers studied the development of the gut bacteria – gut microbiota – of newborns according to delivery type in order to analyse how this…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

We have composed short summaries of the workshops that were organized during the Gut Microbiota for Health Summit (Madrid, February 2013).   Here is the list of workshops: “Gut Microbiota and functional bowel disorders” “Gut Microbiota and brain function” “Probiotics and prebiotics: use and selection” “Dysbiosis in IBD” “Faecal microbiota transplantation” “Technologies to investigate the human gut microbiota”

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

We have composed short summaries of the workshops that were organized during the Gut Microbiota for Health Summit (Madrid, February 2013).   Here is the list of workshops: “Gut Microbiota and functional bowel disorders” “Gut Microbiota and brain function” “Probiotics and prebiotics: use and selection” “Dysbiosis in IBD” “Faecal microbiota transplantation” “Technologies to investigate the human gut microbiota”

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Research & Practice

Previous research has shown that the severity of immunodeficiency in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is related to changes in both the gut virome and bacterial microbiome. Although microbiota-targeted interventions are considered nowadays a potential therapeutic strategy for HIV-infected subjects, little data is available regarding the efficacy of those interventions in humans. A new double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, led by…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the severity of immunodeficiency in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is related to changes in both the gut virome and bacterial microbiome. Although microbiota-targeted interventions are considered nowadays a potential therapeutic strategy for HIV-infected subjects, little data is available regarding the efficacy of those interventions in humans. A new double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, led by…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The human gut microbiota composition and metabolic activities are modulated by the diet, and reciprocally, host metabolism and metabolites also interact with the gut microbiota and diet, shaping a complex interacting network that relates to gut health. Several factors can influence the human gut microbiota, with diet being a very important one. Not only dietary pattern (vegetarian vs. omnivorous dietary…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

The human gut microbiota composition and metabolic activities are modulated by the diet, and reciprocally, host metabolism and metabolites also interact with the gut microbiota and diet, shaping a complex interacting network that relates to gut health. Several factors can influence the human gut microbiota, with diet being a very important one. Not only dietary pattern (vegetarian vs. omnivorous dietary…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been previously reported as an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI). Preclinical and clinical data have shown that restoration of donor-like beta diversity (i.e. species diversity compared to another individual) did not always correspond to direct restoration of an individual’s alpha diversity (i.e. the mean species diversity on a local scale), which suggests…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been previously reported as an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI). Preclinical and clinical data have shown that restoration of donor-like beta diversity (i.e. species diversity compared to another individual) did not always correspond to direct restoration of an individual’s alpha diversity (i.e. the mean species diversity on a local scale), which suggests…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

“Standing room only” was reported from the microbiome presentations at the recent Digestive Disease Week 2017 (#DDW17)—not an unusual circumstance at academic and medical conferences all around the world. And it’s no surprise that scientists and health professionals are keen to increase their knowledge, since microbiome-related diagnostics and interventions may soon add valuable tools to the arsenal of modern medicine.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

“Standing room only” was reported from the microbiome presentations at the recent Digestive Disease Week 2017 (#DDW17)—not an unusual circumstance at academic and medical conferences all around the world. And it’s no surprise that scientists and health professionals are keen to increase their knowledge, since microbiome-related diagnostics and interventions may soon add valuable tools to the arsenal of modern medicine.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Previous preclinical and clinical data have reported that alterations in the bidirectional interactions of the central nervous system with the gut (called the gut-brain axis) may be involved in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) pathophysiology. Interestingly, IBS symptom severity has also been related to faecal microbiota signature. However, it is still uncertain to what extent gut microbial composition can be used…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous preclinical and clinical data have reported that alterations in the bidirectional interactions of the central nervous system with the gut (called the gut-brain axis) may be involved in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) pathophysiology. Interestingly, IBS symptom severity has also been related to faecal microbiota signature. However, it is still uncertain to what extent gut microbial composition can be used…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados