Gut Microbiota

News Watch

The intestinal barrier is the first line of defense against pathogens and antigens in the gut and it encompasses both physical and chemical properties. However, little is known about its critical function for maintaining health and how barrier function is influenced by the microbiota under healthy conditions or in physiological states. Have a look at our new Gut Microbiota for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The intestinal barrier is the first line of defense against pathogens and antigens in the gut and it encompasses both physical and chemical properties. However, little is known about its critical function for maintaining health and how barrier function is influenced by the microbiota under healthy conditions or in physiological states. Have a look at our new Gut Microbiota for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Autoimmune diseases are on the rise, and findings from scientists like Dr. Charles Mackay point to the gut microbiota as a key player in this rise. Dr. Mackay, immunologist professor at Monash University (Melbourne, Australia), describes autoimmune disease as a necessary evil. “On one hand, we need a robust immune system to defend our bodies against pathogens; on the other…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.

Autoimmune diseases are on the rise, and findings from scientists like Dr. Charles Mackay point to the gut microbiota as a key player in this rise. Dr. Mackay, immunologist professor at Monash University (Melbourne, Australia), describes autoimmune disease as a necessary evil. “On one hand, we need a robust immune system to defend our bodies against pathogens; on the other…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.

An increasing number of studies over at least the past decade have shown, without a doubt, that our gut microbiota influences health and disease. More recently, researchers have started to focus on early life, analyzing the role that gut microbiota plays in the development of metabolic and autoimmune disorders later in life. One recent study in this regard showed infant…

Cristina Sáez
Cristina Saez is a freelance science journalist. She works for several media, for instance the Spanish newspaper La Vanguardia, where she coordinates the science section, Big Vang; as well as research centres and scientific societies. She has been awarded for her journalistic work, among others, with the Boehringer Ingelheim Award in Medical Journalism 2015. Follow Cristina on Twitter @saez_cristina

An increasing number of studies over at least the past decade have shown, without a doubt, that our gut microbiota influences health and disease. More recently, researchers have started to focus on early life, analyzing the role that gut microbiota plays in the development of metabolic and autoimmune disorders later in life. One recent study in this regard showed infant…

Cristina Sáez
Cristina Saez is a freelance science journalist. She works for several media, for instance the Spanish newspaper La Vanguardia, where she coordinates the science section, Big Vang; as well as research centres and scientific societies. She has been awarded for her journalistic work, among others, with the Boehringer Ingelheim Award in Medical Journalism 2015. Follow Cristina on Twitter @saez_cristina

Obesity may develop from a combination of different factors – some environmental factors, genetic predisposition and according to recent research microbiome may also play certain role in it. Obesity often co-occurs with mental health disorders, including a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety which is also true for other chronic illnesses. But although we know that neurological symptoms may…

Karina Kaplun
Karina Kaplun is a Ph.D. microbiologist and a blogger specialising in gut microbiota and probiotics. Working also as a lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Karina on Twitter and Facebook @mygutmatters and visit her blog www.mygutmatters.com

Obesity may develop from a combination of different factors – some environmental factors, genetic predisposition and according to recent research microbiome may also play certain role in it. Obesity often co-occurs with mental health disorders, including a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety which is also true for other chronic illnesses. But although we know that neurological symptoms may…

Karina Kaplun
Karina Kaplun is a Ph.D. microbiologist and a blogger specialising in gut microbiota and probiotics. Working also as a lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Karina on Twitter and Facebook @mygutmatters and visit her blog www.mygutmatters.com

Regular use of probiotics in infants and children can significantly reduce the need for an antibiotic treatment during childhood, according to a new review of studies published in the European Journal of Public Health. These findings, authors say, may contribute in the future to mitigate the rise of antibiotic resistance, a global health threaten. The review looked over 17 previously…

Cristina Sáez
Cristina Saez is a freelance science journalist. She works for several media, for instance the Spanish newspaper La Vanguardia, where she coordinates the science section, Big Vang; as well as research centres and scientific societies. She has been awarded for her journalistic work, among others, with the Boehringer Ingelheim Award in Medical Journalism 2015. Follow Cristina on Twitter @saez_cristina

Regular use of probiotics in infants and children can significantly reduce the need for an antibiotic treatment during childhood, according to a new review of studies published in the European Journal of Public Health. These findings, authors say, may contribute in the future to mitigate the rise of antibiotic resistance, a global health threaten. The review looked over 17 previously…

Cristina Sáez
Cristina Saez is a freelance science journalist. She works for several media, for instance the Spanish newspaper La Vanguardia, where she coordinates the science section, Big Vang; as well as research centres and scientific societies. She has been awarded for her journalistic work, among others, with the Boehringer Ingelheim Award in Medical Journalism 2015. Follow Cristina on Twitter @saez_cristina

Research & Practice

We know that the gut microbiome is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of functional gastrointestinal disorders. However, even though underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) could contribute to explaining some gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with these conditions. The field's primary challenges include characterizing the small intestinal microbiome and exploring to what extent diet-driven changes…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

We know that the gut microbiome is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of functional gastrointestinal disorders. However, even though underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) could contribute to explaining some gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with these conditions. The field's primary challenges include characterizing the small intestinal microbiome and exploring to what extent diet-driven changes…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Host genetics may impact the gut microbiome, as supported by twin studies revealing associations between specific alleles in the host and members or functions of the gut microbiome. However, it is unknown whether the gut microbiota could respond to copy-number variation in host genes, which are considered to be a source of genetic variation. A new study, led by Dr.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Host genetics may impact the gut microbiome, as supported by twin studies revealing associations between specific alleles in the host and members or functions of the gut microbiome. However, it is unknown whether the gut microbiota could respond to copy-number variation in host genes, which are considered to be a source of genetic variation. A new study, led by Dr.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over the past 15 years, scientists have focused mainly on the bacterial fraction of the gut microbiome to characterize its composition and impact on human health and diseases. Despite this, fungi, phages, archaea and protists also count as native constituents of the microbiome, and now, scientists have also started to take an interest in their physiological relevance. Recent studies support…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over the past 15 years, scientists have focused mainly on the bacterial fraction of the gut microbiome to characterize its composition and impact on human health and diseases. Despite this, fungi, phages, archaea and protists also count as native constituents of the microbiome, and now, scientists have also started to take an interest in their physiological relevance. Recent studies support…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Genes from the gut microbiota encode for a wide range of metabolic activities that allow commensal microbes to ferment dietary fibers and prebiotics into metabolites that include short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Of these, propionate has been shown to trigger the secretion of gut peptides that take part in regulating appetite and glucose metabolism and reducing inflammation. Although colonic propionate…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Genes from the gut microbiota encode for a wide range of metabolic activities that allow commensal microbes to ferment dietary fibers and prebiotics into metabolites that include short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Of these, propionate has been shown to trigger the secretion of gut peptides that take part in regulating appetite and glucose metabolism and reducing inflammation. Although colonic propionate…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Modulating the gut microbiota has emerged as a means of affecting the central nervous system function and, thus, human behavior, especially in the context of stress, mood and anxiety disorders and even neurocognitive disorders. Clinical studies with probiotics using neuroimaging methods have started exploring the benefits of probiotics in the human brain. Among them, the probiotic Bifidobacterium longum 1714 has…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Modulating the gut microbiota has emerged as a means of affecting the central nervous system function and, thus, human behavior, especially in the context of stress, mood and anxiety disorders and even neurocognitive disorders. Clinical studies with probiotics using neuroimaging methods have started exploring the benefits of probiotics in the human brain. Among them, the probiotic Bifidobacterium longum 1714 has…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.