Gut Brain Axis

News Watch

When in love, we get butterflies in our stomach or if the nerves really hit before taking an exam, we might get diarrhea. Our brain and gut are in constant contact as we undergo experiences in our daily lives. The gut, for instance, sends information to the brain about what we eat, if we have enough nutrients to stay healthy…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

When in love, we get butterflies in our stomach or if the nerves really hit before taking an exam, we might get diarrhea. Our brain and gut are in constant contact as we undergo experiences in our daily lives. The gut, for instance, sends information to the brain about what we eat, if we have enough nutrients to stay healthy…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Did you know there are over 1,000 different kinds of bacteria and other microorganisms living in your body? Piled Higher and Deeper, in collaboration with biologist Elaine Hsiao, explores the hidden world of microbial communities living inside of us and in our surroundings. 

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Did you know there are over 1,000 different kinds of bacteria and other microorganisms living in your body? Piled Higher and Deeper, in collaboration with biologist Elaine Hsiao, explores the hidden world of microbial communities living inside of us and in our surroundings. 

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Gut microbiota is a rapidly moving field of research generating growing interest in media and society in general. An example of this interest is the huge number of articles published in the media and programs featured by TV and radio broadcasters focusing on the key role it might play in our physical and even psychological health. In this very vein,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Gut microbiota is a rapidly moving field of research generating growing interest in media and society in general. An example of this interest is the huge number of articles published in the media and programs featured by TV and radio broadcasters focusing on the key role it might play in our physical and even psychological health. In this very vein,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

When Martha Carlin learned about her husband´s Parkinson's Disease (PD) diagnosis, she also realized that there were links between chronic disease and diet, stress and environment and became fascinated about the human microbiome. At TEDxBoulder, held in September 2016 in Boulder, Colorado (US), Carlin offered a talk where she pointed at our poop as the possible answer to Parkinson's disease…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

When Martha Carlin learned about her husband´s Parkinson's Disease (PD) diagnosis, she also realized that there were links between chronic disease and diet, stress and environment and became fascinated about the human microbiome. At TEDxBoulder, held in September 2016 in Boulder, Colorado (US), Carlin offered a talk where she pointed at our poop as the possible answer to Parkinson's disease…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Hank Green and his team at SciShow talk about the trillions of microbes inside us, and how these little creatures may have more influence than we thought on our brains and general health. The video gives the information in a clear, straightforward manner, and accompanies it with fun and useful images and examples. 

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Hank Green and his team at SciShow talk about the trillions of microbes inside us, and how these little creatures may have more influence than we thought on our brains and general health. The video gives the information in a clear, straightforward manner, and accompanies it with fun and useful images and examples. 

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Research & Practice

Experimental research has previously shown how the gut microbiota is involved in regulating brain function through the gut-brain axis. Depression and anxiety are among the most prevalent mental health conditions in industrialized countries and there is a current need for novel psychopharmacological medications to be developed for both conditions. Although the gut microbiota has been hypothesized to be involved in…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Experimental research has previously shown how the gut microbiota is involved in regulating brain function through the gut-brain axis. Depression and anxiety are among the most prevalent mental health conditions in industrialized countries and there is a current need for novel psychopharmacological medications to be developed for both conditions. Although the gut microbiota has been hypothesized to be involved in…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Together with diet, treatment with drugs is a major factor that influences gut microbiota composition. Indeed, the gut microbiota community may contribute to the therapeutic effects of certain drugs. For instance, metformin may act through a close interaction between Bacteroides fragilis, the bile acid glycoursodeoxycholic acid and intestinal farnesoid X receptor to improve metabolic dysfunction in individuals with type 2…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Together with diet, treatment with drugs is a major factor that influences gut microbiota composition. Indeed, the gut microbiota community may contribute to the therapeutic effects of certain drugs. For instance, metformin may act through a close interaction between Bacteroides fragilis, the bile acid glycoursodeoxycholic acid and intestinal farnesoid X receptor to improve metabolic dysfunction in individuals with type 2…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Modulating the gut microbiota has emerged as a means of affecting the central nervous system function and, thus, human behavior, especially in the context of stress, mood and anxiety disorders and even neurocognitive disorders. Clinical studies with probiotics using neuroimaging methods have started exploring the benefits of probiotics in the human brain. Among them, the probiotic Bifidobacterium longum 1714 has…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Modulating the gut microbiota has emerged as a means of affecting the central nervous system function and, thus, human behavior, especially in the context of stress, mood and anxiety disorders and even neurocognitive disorders. Clinical studies with probiotics using neuroimaging methods have started exploring the benefits of probiotics in the human brain. Among them, the probiotic Bifidobacterium longum 1714 has…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

The increase in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) that comes with age has been related to an arterial dysfunction linked to higher inflammatory and oxidative stress responses. Although there is suggestion that a perturbed gut microbiome plays a role in the aging phenotype and the onset of physical frailty, the mechanisms that link changes in gut microbiome composition and an increased risk…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The increase in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) that comes with age has been related to an arterial dysfunction linked to higher inflammatory and oxidative stress responses. Although there is suggestion that a perturbed gut microbiome plays a role in the aging phenotype and the onset of physical frailty, the mechanisms that link changes in gut microbiome composition and an increased risk…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Microbiome studies carried out in the past decade have led to an enhanced understanding of the gut microbiome in human health. However, most of these studies have been carried out in western countries and the Indian gut microbiome is not well explored. Since dietary habits and lifestyle play a key role in shaping the gut microbiome, large differences in the…

Vineet K. Sharma
Dr. Sharma has been an Associate Professor at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal since July 2011. Dr. Sharma obtained his PhD in Bioinformatics and Biomedical Sciences from IGIB, New Delhi in 2006. After completing his doctoral research, he worked as a scientist at RIKEN, Japan for five years and joined IISER Bhopal after returning to India. He is also the founder and coordinator of the Innovation and Incubation Centre of Entrepreneurship (IICE) at IISER Bhopal. The main focus of Dr. Sharma’s lab is to reveal and analyze the human-associated microbiome among the Indian population and carry out comparative studies with different populations to gain functional insights, while also making comparisons with healthy and disease datasets. Dr. Sharma’s groups also recently sequenced the genome of the peacock, which is the national bird of India.

Microbiome studies carried out in the past decade have led to an enhanced understanding of the gut microbiome in human health. However, most of these studies have been carried out in western countries and the Indian gut microbiome is not well explored. Since dietary habits and lifestyle play a key role in shaping the gut microbiome, large differences in the…

Vineet K. Sharma
Dr. Sharma has been an Associate Professor at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal since July 2011. Dr. Sharma obtained his PhD in Bioinformatics and Biomedical Sciences from IGIB, New Delhi in 2006. After completing his doctoral research, he worked as a scientist at RIKEN, Japan for five years and joined IISER Bhopal after returning to India. He is also the founder and coordinator of the Innovation and Incubation Centre of Entrepreneurship (IICE) at IISER Bhopal. The main focus of Dr. Sharma’s lab is to reveal and analyze the human-associated microbiome among the Indian population and carry out comparative studies with different populations to gain functional insights, while also making comparisons with healthy and disease datasets. Dr. Sharma’s groups also recently sequenced the genome of the peacock, which is the national bird of India.