Gut Brain Axis

News Watch

The brain is the most highly protected organ in the human body. It has a layer of cells covering it that act as a relentless guard that regulates the passage and exchange of nutrients and molecules between the bloodstream and the brain parenchyma, the nervous tissue in the brain. This barrier - the so-called blood-brain barrier - is essential for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The brain is the most highly protected organ in the human body. It has a layer of cells covering it that act as a relentless guard that regulates the passage and exchange of nutrients and molecules between the bloodstream and the brain parenchyma, the nervous tissue in the brain. This barrier - the so-called blood-brain barrier - is essential for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

At first, he noticed a twitch in one of his fingers. “It’s nothing”, he thought. But as time went on, the movements did not stop. So Michael J Fox, who played Marty McFly in the popular Back to the Future film saga, decided to go to the doctor, who, unfortunately, diagnosed him with Parkinson’s disease in 1991. At that time,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

At first, he noticed a twitch in one of his fingers. “It’s nothing”, he thought. But as time went on, the movements did not stop. So Michael J Fox, who played Marty McFly in the popular Back to the Future film saga, decided to go to the doctor, who, unfortunately, diagnosed him with Parkinson’s disease in 1991. At that time,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Most of us sometimes try to calm our nerves by binge-eating. When it is occasional, it may lead to some extra weight or guilty feelings. When it is a regular habit, however, it is clinically considered an eating disorder. In fact, more than 8% of the population experiences some kind of eating disorder at some point in their lives (US…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Most of us sometimes try to calm our nerves by binge-eating. When it is occasional, it may lead to some extra weight or guilty feelings. When it is a regular habit, however, it is clinically considered an eating disorder. In fact, more than 8% of the population experiences some kind of eating disorder at some point in their lives (US…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Some months ago, California welcomed the TEDxCaltech: The Brain conference, where experts from different areas discussed a range of issues about the brain and the future of neuroscience. At one of the sessions, Elaine Hsiao, PhD in Microbiology from the California Institute of Technology, discussed the relationship between the microbiota, the human brain and behaviour. During her speech, Dr. Hsiao presented…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Some months ago, California welcomed the TEDxCaltech: The Brain conference, where experts from different areas discussed a range of issues about the brain and the future of neuroscience. At one of the sessions, Elaine Hsiao, PhD in Microbiology from the California Institute of Technology, discussed the relationship between the microbiota, the human brain and behaviour. During her speech, Dr. Hsiao presented…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is often said that “we are what we eat” and, as research into the relationship between diet and the gut microbiota progresses, the expression becomes even more meaningful. It is well known that a diet rich in live cultures like probiotics may change the composition of the gut flora. Furthermore, consuming this kind of products may also influence brain…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is often said that “we are what we eat” and, as research into the relationship between diet and the gut microbiota progresses, the expression becomes even more meaningful. It is well known that a diet rich in live cultures like probiotics may change the composition of the gut flora. Furthermore, consuming this kind of products may also influence brain…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Research & Practice

It has been previously suggested that a high-fibre diet can prevent neurodegeneration by increasing gut microbiota derived butyrate in the colon, but how changes in gut bacteria could influence brain development and function is still poorly studied.   A recent study, led by Dr. Mauro Costa-Mattioli from the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas (USA), has found that the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It has been previously suggested that a high-fibre diet can prevent neurodegeneration by increasing gut microbiota derived butyrate in the colon, but how changes in gut bacteria could influence brain development and function is still poorly studied.   A recent study, led by Dr. Mauro Costa-Mattioli from the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas (USA), has found that the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recent advances in research have described the importance of gut microbiota in influencing interactions between the central and the enteric nervous systems. These brain-gut interactions appear to be bidirectional by means of neural, endocrine, immune, and humoral signals. Most of the data have been acquired using rodents (mice or rats) and pigs.   Evidence of microbiota-mental health interactions comes from…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recent advances in research have described the importance of gut microbiota in influencing interactions between the central and the enteric nervous systems. These brain-gut interactions appear to be bidirectional by means of neural, endocrine, immune, and humoral signals. Most of the data have been acquired using rodents (mice or rats) and pigs.   Evidence of microbiota-mental health interactions comes from…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

When Michael Gershon called the digestive system "the second brain" in his 1999 book, it was because scientists were beginning to realize that the gut and the brain in humans were engaged in constant conversation. Emeran Mayer, a leading researcher in the field of the gut-brain axis, affirms that this connection has been known for years. "Gut-brain communication is firmly…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

When Michael Gershon called the digestive system "the second brain" in his 1999 book, it was because scientists were beginning to realize that the gut and the brain in humans were engaged in constant conversation. Emeran Mayer, a leading researcher in the field of the gut-brain axis, affirms that this connection has been known for years. "Gut-brain communication is firmly…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Many living organisms have circadian rhythms—biological processes that oscillate in a pattern following a roughly 24-hour cycle. In humans, researchers have observed the rhythmic expression of 'clock genes', resulting in molecular changes in multiple body tissues; the entire process is coordinated by 'pacemakers' such as the brain's hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus. In addition to regulating physiological processes, the host's circadian clock…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Many living organisms have circadian rhythms—biological processes that oscillate in a pattern following a roughly 24-hour cycle. In humans, researchers have observed the rhythmic expression of 'clock genes', resulting in molecular changes in multiple body tissues; the entire process is coordinated by 'pacemakers' such as the brain's hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus. In addition to regulating physiological processes, the host's circadian clock…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

A recent study, led by Dr. Peng Xie from the Chongqing Medical University in China, has demonstrated that intestinal ‘dysbiosis’ may have a causal role in the development of depressive-like behaviours in mice through altering host metabolism.   It has been previously described that the gut microbiota may be an environmental factor that can modulate brain physiology through the microbiota-gut-brain…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A recent study, led by Dr. Peng Xie from the Chongqing Medical University in China, has demonstrated that intestinal ‘dysbiosis’ may have a causal role in the development of depressive-like behaviours in mice through altering host metabolism.   It has been previously described that the gut microbiota may be an environmental factor that can modulate brain physiology through the microbiota-gut-brain…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.