Gut Brain Axis

News Watch

At first, he noticed a twitch in one of his fingers. “It’s nothing”, he thought. But as time went on, the movements did not stop. So Michael J Fox, who played Marty McFly in the popular Back to the Future film saga, decided to go to the doctor, who, unfortunately, diagnosed him with Parkinson’s disease in 1991. At that time,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

At first, he noticed a twitch in one of his fingers. “It’s nothing”, he thought. But as time went on, the movements did not stop. So Michael J Fox, who played Marty McFly in the popular Back to the Future film saga, decided to go to the doctor, who, unfortunately, diagnosed him with Parkinson’s disease in 1991. At that time,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Most of us sometimes try to calm our nerves by binge-eating. When it is occasional, it may lead to some extra weight or guilty feelings. When it is a regular habit, however, it is clinically considered an eating disorder. In fact, more than 8% of the population experiences some kind of eating disorder at some point in their lives (US…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Most of us sometimes try to calm our nerves by binge-eating. When it is occasional, it may lead to some extra weight or guilty feelings. When it is a regular habit, however, it is clinically considered an eating disorder. In fact, more than 8% of the population experiences some kind of eating disorder at some point in their lives (US…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Some months ago, California welcomed the TEDxCaltech: The Brain conference, where experts from different areas discussed a range of issues about the brain and the future of neuroscience. At one of the sessions, Elaine Hsiao, PhD in Microbiology from the California Institute of Technology, discussed the relationship between the microbiota, the human brain and behaviour. During her speech, Dr. Hsiao presented…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Some months ago, California welcomed the TEDxCaltech: The Brain conference, where experts from different areas discussed a range of issues about the brain and the future of neuroscience. At one of the sessions, Elaine Hsiao, PhD in Microbiology from the California Institute of Technology, discussed the relationship between the microbiota, the human brain and behaviour. During her speech, Dr. Hsiao presented…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is often said that “we are what we eat” and, as research into the relationship between diet and the gut microbiota progresses, the expression becomes even more meaningful. It is well known that a diet rich in live cultures like probiotics may change the composition of the gut flora. Furthermore, consuming this kind of products may also influence brain…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is often said that “we are what we eat” and, as research into the relationship between diet and the gut microbiota progresses, the expression becomes even more meaningful. It is well known that a diet rich in live cultures like probiotics may change the composition of the gut flora. Furthermore, consuming this kind of products may also influence brain…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is well known that brain levels of serotonin (also called the “happy hormone” as it is the major chemical involved in the regulation of mood and emotion) are altered in times of anxiety, depression, stress or excitement. However, a recent study has shown that early gut bacteria can be linked to happiness in adulthood. In other words, the presence…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is well known that brain levels of serotonin (also called the “happy hormone” as it is the major chemical involved in the regulation of mood and emotion) are altered in times of anxiety, depression, stress or excitement. However, a recent study has shown that early gut bacteria can be linked to happiness in adulthood. In other words, the presence…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Research & Practice

A recent study, led by Dr. Peng Xie from the Chongqing Medical University in China, has demonstrated that intestinal ‘dysbiosis’ may have a causal role in the development of depressive-like behaviours in mice through altering host metabolism.   It has been previously described that the gut microbiota may be an environmental factor that can modulate brain physiology through the microbiota-gut-brain…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A recent study, led by Dr. Peng Xie from the Chongqing Medical University in China, has demonstrated that intestinal ‘dysbiosis’ may have a causal role in the development of depressive-like behaviours in mice through altering host metabolism.   It has been previously described that the gut microbiota may be an environmental factor that can modulate brain physiology through the microbiota-gut-brain…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A recent review, published by Julia Schwartzman and Edward Ruby from the Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology at University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA), argues that chemical and physical stresses should be considered a normal attribute of the host symbiotic milieu. Their arguments are as follows. Microorganisms appeared on the Earth as early as 3.4 billion years ago, and as humans…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent review, published by Julia Schwartzman and Edward Ruby from the Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology at University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA), argues that chemical and physical stresses should be considered a normal attribute of the host symbiotic milieu. Their arguments are as follows. Microorganisms appeared on the Earth as early as 3.4 billion years ago, and as humans…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although it is well documented that gut microbiota may shape brain function and development, little is known about its impact on the outcome of acute brain injury. A recent study, led by Dr. Josef Anrather, an associate professor of neuroscience at the Weill Cornell Medical College in New York (USA), has found that the commensal gut microbiota could influence the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although it is well documented that gut microbiota may shape brain function and development, little is known about its impact on the outcome of acute brain injury. A recent study, led by Dr. Josef Anrather, an associate professor of neuroscience at the Weill Cornell Medical College in New York (USA), has found that the commensal gut microbiota could influence the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent review, published by postdoctoral researcher Dr. Eldin Jasarevic from the Department of Animal Biology in the University of Pennsylvania, argues that sex differences influence the development, maturation, and maintenance of the gut microbiome-brain axis throughout the lifespan.   The gut-brain axis (GBA) involves bidirectional communication between the central and enteric nervous systems, which facilitates the integration of peripheral…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent review, published by postdoctoral researcher Dr. Eldin Jasarevic from the Department of Animal Biology in the University of Pennsylvania, argues that sex differences influence the development, maturation, and maintenance of the gut microbiome-brain axis throughout the lifespan.   The gut-brain axis (GBA) involves bidirectional communication between the central and enteric nervous systems, which facilitates the integration of peripheral…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent study by Andrew Moeller and colleagues has revealed that social interactions can raise microbial diversity in the gut microbiome across chimpanzee generations. The study monitored the effect of chimpanzee sociability on gut microbiome diversity over an eight-year period. Faecal samples were collected and sequenced from 40 Kasakela chimpanzees in Gombe, Tanzania, at different stages of life. In addition,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent study by Andrew Moeller and colleagues has revealed that social interactions can raise microbial diversity in the gut microbiome across chimpanzee generations. The study monitored the effect of chimpanzee sociability on gut microbiome diversity over an eight-year period. Faecal samples were collected and sequenced from 40 Kasakela chimpanzees in Gombe, Tanzania, at different stages of life. In addition,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados