Category : Probiotics

A meta-analysis of 12 randomized, controlled trials, with a total of 3720 participants, examined the effectiveness and safety of probiotics in preventing acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in children, adults, and older people. Probiotics, compared to placebo, were associated with fewer URTIs overall, shorter duration of URTI episodes, fewer antibiotic prescriptions, and fewer URTI-related school absences. Probiotics appeared safe…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A meta-analysis of 12 randomized, controlled trials, with a total of 3720 participants, examined the effectiveness and safety of probiotics in preventing acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in children, adults, and older people. Probiotics, compared to placebo, were associated with fewer URTIs overall, shorter duration of URTI episodes, fewer antibiotic prescriptions, and fewer URTI-related school absences. Probiotics appeared safe…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A study by De Palma, et al. used germ-free and specific pathogen-free mouse models to investigate the effects of early-life stress. Researchers reported that stress (maternal separation) altered the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in mice. Colonizing adult germ-free mice with the same microbiota led to distinct microbial profiles in mice who had experienced early-life stress. After colonization, behaviour was altered in the stressed…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A study by De Palma, et al. used germ-free and specific pathogen-free mouse models to investigate the effects of early-life stress. Researchers reported that stress (maternal separation) altered the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in mice. Colonizing adult germ-free mice with the same microbiota led to distinct microbial profiles in mice who had experienced early-life stress. After colonization, behaviour was altered in the stressed…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

When Dr. Deanna Gibson began studying patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), she found it strange that scientists knew very little about how diet -- a controllable factor -- could alter gut microbes and gut immune responses. "[In] inflammatory bowel diseases, we know that environment is playing a role. The sheer dramatic rise in the incidence of them cannot be…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

When Dr. Deanna Gibson began studying patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), she found it strange that scientists knew very little about how diet -- a controllable factor -- could alter gut microbes and gut immune responses. "[In] inflammatory bowel diseases, we know that environment is playing a role. The sheer dramatic rise in the incidence of them cannot be…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Fermented foods are not included in the recently revised ISAPP definition of probiotics, since the bacteria they contain are uncharacterized. But scientists are nevertheless studying how these foods may affect health, including brain function. This blog post covers a correlational study on fermented food consumption and social anxiety. The study found that young adults who consumed more fermented foods and fruits/vegetables, and those who engaged…

Mary Ellen Sanders
Mary Ellen Sanders is a consultant in the area of probiotic microbiology, with special expertise on paths to scientific substantiation of probiotic product label claims. Dr. Sanders served as the founding president of the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) and is currently the organization’s Director of Scientific Affairs/ Executive Officer. This international, non-profit association of academic and industrial scientists is dedicated to advancing the science of probiotics and prebiotics (www.isapp.net). Through numerous written, oral and video pieces, including a website, www.usprobiotics.org, she strives to provide objective, evidence-based information on probiotics for consumers and professionals. Key activities include: Panels to determine GRAS status of probiotic strains ; member of the American Gastroenterological Association Scientific Advisory Board for AGA Center for Gut Microbiome Research and Education ; World Gastroenterology Organisation Committee preparing practice guidelines for the use of probiotics and prebiotics for GI indications (2008, 2011, 2014) ; working group convened by the FAO/WHO that developed guidelines for probiotics (2002).

Fermented foods are not included in the recently revised ISAPP definition of probiotics, since the bacteria they contain are uncharacterized. But scientists are nevertheless studying how these foods may affect health, including brain function. This blog post covers a correlational study on fermented food consumption and social anxiety. The study found that young adults who consumed more fermented foods and fruits/vegetables, and those who engaged…

Mary Ellen Sanders
Mary Ellen Sanders is a consultant in the area of probiotic microbiology, with special expertise on paths to scientific substantiation of probiotic product label claims. Dr. Sanders served as the founding president of the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) and is currently the organization’s Director of Scientific Affairs/ Executive Officer. This international, non-profit association of academic and industrial scientists is dedicated to advancing the science of probiotics and prebiotics (www.isapp.net). Through numerous written, oral and video pieces, including a website, www.usprobiotics.org, she strives to provide objective, evidence-based information on probiotics for consumers and professionals. Key activities include: Panels to determine GRAS status of probiotic strains ; member of the American Gastroenterological Association Scientific Advisory Board for AGA Center for Gut Microbiome Research and Education ; World Gastroenterology Organisation Committee preparing practice guidelines for the use of probiotics and prebiotics for GI indications (2008, 2011, 2014) ; working group convened by the FAO/WHO that developed guidelines for probiotics (2002).

Results of a research collaboration between Harvard and Danone, released today, show that an 'underrated' species of bacteria, Lactococcus lactis CNCM I-1631, conferred beneficial effects in mouse models of inflammation. Dr. Wendy Garrett, Associate Professor at Harvard's Chan School of Public Health, says the line of research came out of an observation, several years ago, that a fermented milk product…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Results of a research collaboration between Harvard and Danone, released today, show that an 'underrated' species of bacteria, Lactococcus lactis CNCM I-1631, conferred beneficial effects in mouse models of inflammation. Dr. Wendy Garrett, Associate Professor at Harvard's Chan School of Public Health, says the line of research came out of an observation, several years ago, that a fermented milk product…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Dr. Premysl Bercik is a gastroenterologist, researcher, and Associate Professor in the Division of Gastroenterology at McMaster University in Canada. He serves as the GMFH expert on the gut-brain axis. Bercik recently presented his work at Experimental Biology (EB) 2015 and at the International Human Microbiome Congress (IHMC) 2015. In Boston, he sat down with GMFH editors to discuss how…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Dr. Premysl Bercik is a gastroenterologist, researcher, and Associate Professor in the Division of Gastroenterology at McMaster University in Canada. He serves as the GMFH expert on the gut-brain axis. Bercik recently presented his work at Experimental Biology (EB) 2015 and at the International Human Microbiome Congress (IHMC) 2015. In Boston, he sat down with GMFH editors to discuss how…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Bacteria in food, including probiotics, are a major environmental source of microbes in the human body. But what happens to the bacteria once they are ingested? Do they have any short- or long-term effects on the body? Derrien and van Hylckama Vlieg recently published a review in Trends in Microbiology, Fate, activity, and impact of ingested bacteria within the human gut…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Bacteria in food, including probiotics, are a major environmental source of microbes in the human body. But what happens to the bacteria once they are ingested? Do they have any short- or long-term effects on the body? Derrien and van Hylckama Vlieg recently published a review in Trends in Microbiology, Fate, activity, and impact of ingested bacteria within the human gut…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Dr. Mimi L. K. Tang is a paediatric allergist immunologist and director of the Department of Allergy and Immunology at the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne. She is part of the Murdoch Children's Research Institute and Associate Professor in the Department of Paediatrics at the University of Melbourne. Tang and colleagues recently published a study on co-administration of a probiotic with peanut oral…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Dr. Mimi L. K. Tang is a paediatric allergist immunologist and director of the Department of Allergy and Immunology at the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne. She is part of the Murdoch Children's Research Institute and Associate Professor in the Department of Paediatrics at the University of Melbourne. Tang and colleagues recently published a study on co-administration of a probiotic with peanut oral…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

With a greater public awareness of probiotics, patients may ask health professionals to recommend a probiotic suitable for their needs. Products vary on many parameters: genus, species, alphanumeric designation, number of live bacteria, blend of probiotic strains, and non-active ingredients. How do professionals assess the relevance of each product available for a particular patient? A new Canadian mobile app was…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

With a greater public awareness of probiotics, patients may ask health professionals to recommend a probiotic suitable for their needs. Products vary on many parameters: genus, species, alphanumeric designation, number of live bacteria, blend of probiotic strains, and non-active ingredients. How do professionals assess the relevance of each product available for a particular patient? A new Canadian mobile app was…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBDs), which include Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) are chronic relapsing and remitting inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. The etiology of IBDs is not known yet but it is certainly multi-factorial and it includes genetic as well as environmental factors. Over the last years it has become clear, however, that IBD develops in genetically…

Marcello Romeo
Dr Marcello Romeo is currently at PHD School in Molecular and Experimental Medicine at Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neuroscience at University of Palermo (Italy). His main research interest is the molecular assessment of the Human Intestinal Microbiota in health and disease and investigation of the molecular cross-talk between intestinal bacteria and Heat Shock Proteins in colon mucosa of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Colon Cancer.

The Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBDs), which include Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) are chronic relapsing and remitting inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. The etiology of IBDs is not known yet but it is certainly multi-factorial and it includes genetic as well as environmental factors. Over the last years it has become clear, however, that IBD develops in genetically…

Marcello Romeo
Dr Marcello Romeo is currently at PHD School in Molecular and Experimental Medicine at Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neuroscience at University of Palermo (Italy). His main research interest is the molecular assessment of the Human Intestinal Microbiota in health and disease and investigation of the molecular cross-talk between intestinal bacteria and Heat Shock Proteins in colon mucosa of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Colon Cancer.