Category : Early Life & Infants

A major focus of gut microbiome research in early life is how delivery mode affects the newborn gut microbiota and its impact on the health of the growing child. Although previous studies revealed that infants born by Caesarean section (C-section) develop a gut microbiota composition that more closely resembles adult skin and the hospital environment, and which may predispose newborns…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

A major focus of gut microbiome research in early life is how delivery mode affects the newborn gut microbiota and its impact on the health of the growing child. Although previous studies revealed that infants born by Caesarean section (C-section) develop a gut microbiota composition that more closely resembles adult skin and the hospital environment, and which may predispose newborns…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Human milk contains nutrients, bioactive compounds and commensal bacteria that may improve maternal and infant health outcomes. Milk’s microbial composition varies greatly between women but the factors that might explain this variation remain unknown. A new longitudinal cohort investigation, led by Dr. Carolina de Weerth from Radboud University Medical Center in the Netherlands, has found for the first time associations…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Human milk contains nutrients, bioactive compounds and commensal bacteria that may improve maternal and infant health outcomes. Milk’s microbial composition varies greatly between women but the factors that might explain this variation remain unknown. A new longitudinal cohort investigation, led by Dr. Carolina de Weerth from Radboud University Medical Center in the Netherlands, has found for the first time associations…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Preterm infants exhibit higher rates of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), which is a major cause of both mortality and neurodevelopmental morbidity. Although an altered gut microbiota composition and metabolome has been found in preterm infants, the few studies exploring the microbiome in NEC and preterm infants have reported inconsistent results. Within the mechanisms by which the development of NEC occurs, a…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Preterm infants exhibit higher rates of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), which is a major cause of both mortality and neurodevelopmental morbidity. Although an altered gut microbiota composition and metabolome has been found in preterm infants, the few studies exploring the microbiome in NEC and preterm infants have reported inconsistent results. Within the mechanisms by which the development of NEC occurs, a…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Preterm infants are at a high risk of growth failure that may affect their long-term health outcomes. Different factors have been involved in the etiology of postnatal growth failure in preterm infants, but despite research efforts regarding clinical management, growth failure rates continue to increase. Although differences in gut microbiota composition have been found in preterm infants compared with full-term…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Preterm infants are at a high risk of growth failure that may affect their long-term health outcomes. Different factors have been involved in the etiology of postnatal growth failure in preterm infants, but despite research efforts regarding clinical management, growth failure rates continue to increase. Although differences in gut microbiota composition have been found in preterm infants compared with full-term…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

During pregnancy, the maternal gut microbiota experiences shifts that have been suggested to contribute to maternal metabolic and immune adaptations beneficial in pregnancy. Although these changes can be disrupted by maternal diet-induced obesity, little is known about the mechanisms behind the impact of diet-induced changes in the maternal gut microbiota on inflammatory and metabolic responses during pregnancy and their effect…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

During pregnancy, the maternal gut microbiota experiences shifts that have been suggested to contribute to maternal metabolic and immune adaptations beneficial in pregnancy. Although these changes can be disrupted by maternal diet-induced obesity, little is known about the mechanisms behind the impact of diet-induced changes in the maternal gut microbiota on inflammatory and metabolic responses during pregnancy and their effect…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The human milk microbiota is an important source of commensal microorganisms for the infant gut. Although both maternal and infant microbiomes are shaped by a multitude of factors, including delivery mode, geographic location and the method of breastfeeding, the extent to which bacterial taxa in a mother’s breast milk correlates with an infant’s fecal microbiota across different geographic locations is unclear.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The human milk microbiota is an important source of commensal microorganisms for the infant gut. Although both maternal and infant microbiomes are shaped by a multitude of factors, including delivery mode, geographic location and the method of breastfeeding, the extent to which bacterial taxa in a mother’s breast milk correlates with an infant’s fecal microbiota across different geographic locations is unclear.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Besides diet, several other factors such as host genetics, ethnicity, age, medication, chronic diseases, physical exercise, stress, and sleep can all affect gut microbial composition. During the first 2 to 3 years of life, gut microbiota modulation appears to play a critical in later health outcomes. However, little is known about the impact of early lifestyle events on the gut…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Besides diet, several other factors such as host genetics, ethnicity, age, medication, chronic diseases, physical exercise, stress, and sleep can all affect gut microbial composition. During the first 2 to 3 years of life, gut microbiota modulation appears to play a critical in later health outcomes. However, little is known about the impact of early lifestyle events on the gut…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although gut microbiota maturation is a dynamic process apparent across a lifetime, the first two to three years of life may represent the most critical period for dietary interventions that target the microbiota and its contribution to improving child growth and brain development. One area of current microbiome research studies the close relationship between the development of the gut and…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although gut microbiota maturation is a dynamic process apparent across a lifetime, the first two to three years of life may represent the most critical period for dietary interventions that target the microbiota and its contribution to improving child growth and brain development. One area of current microbiome research studies the close relationship between the development of the gut and…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team