Category : Research & Practice

Fermented foods and beverages are produced via controlled microbial growth in the food material alongside the conversion of food components through enzymatic action. Although fermented foods and beverages have been a major element in the human diet for thousands of years, we have only recently started to realize their potential benefits for health. Historical reasons for food fermentation include the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Fermented foods and beverages are produced via controlled microbial growth in the food material alongside the conversion of food components through enzymatic action. Although fermented foods and beverages have been a major element in the human diet for thousands of years, we have only recently started to realize their potential benefits for health. Historical reasons for food fermentation include the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Diet is known to be a major modulator of the gut microbiota composition. Dietary compounds such as protein, fat, fiber and polyphenols from our foods can affect the gut microbiota composition and microbial metabolites that can influence human health. For example, diets high in animal protein may lead to the production of harmful bacterial metabolites and high red meat consumption…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Diet is known to be a major modulator of the gut microbiota composition. Dietary compounds such as protein, fat, fiber and polyphenols from our foods can affect the gut microbiota composition and microbial metabolites that can influence human health. For example, diets high in animal protein may lead to the production of harmful bacterial metabolites and high red meat consumption…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Although the gut microbiome remains relatively stable throughout adulthood, various environmental factors such as disease, and diet have been reported to affect the gut microbiota composition. Although host genotype may influence relative abundance of microbial taxa, only few associations between host genetics and gut microbiota diversity have been found. Thus, inter-individual gut microbiome variation remains largely unexplained. Researchers from different…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Although the gut microbiome remains relatively stable throughout adulthood, various environmental factors such as disease, and diet have been reported to affect the gut microbiota composition. Although host genotype may influence relative abundance of microbial taxa, only few associations between host genetics and gut microbiota diversity have been found. Thus, inter-individual gut microbiome variation remains largely unexplained. Researchers from different…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Besides bacteria, researchers have begun to study archaea, fungi, protozoa and viruses of the human gut microbiome. Although it is now known that the human gut microbiome contains several viruses, most of which are bacteriaphages, little is known about the human gut virome partly due to limitations in analyzing the fecal virome with the current metagenomic and bioinformatic protocols and…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Besides bacteria, researchers have begun to study archaea, fungi, protozoa and viruses of the human gut microbiome. Although it is now known that the human gut microbiome contains several viruses, most of which are bacteriaphages, little is known about the human gut virome partly due to limitations in analyzing the fecal virome with the current metagenomic and bioinformatic protocols and…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

One way by which the gut microbiome shapes host physiology is by modulating immune responses. Although the effects of commensal microorganisms on the immune system have been studied under disease states, as have their effects on vaccine responses in healthy individuals, their causal contribution in human immunity is limited. A new study, led by Dr. Bali Pulendran from Stanford University…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

One way by which the gut microbiome shapes host physiology is by modulating immune responses. Although the effects of commensal microorganisms on the immune system have been studied under disease states, as have their effects on vaccine responses in healthy individuals, their causal contribution in human immunity is limited. A new study, led by Dr. Bali Pulendran from Stanford University…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although nowadays diet plays only a small part in published guidelines for managing inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), there is an increasing amount of evidence that supports the role of diet in patients with IBD, especially at early stages. Evidence of diet modulating intestinal inflammation comes mainly from mice studies. An elegant mice study published in 2018 examined the effects of…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Although nowadays diet plays only a small part in published guidelines for managing inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), there is an increasing amount of evidence that supports the role of diet in patients with IBD, especially at early stages. Evidence of diet modulating intestinal inflammation comes mainly from mice studies. An elegant mice study published in 2018 examined the effects of…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Macronutrients, micronutrients and non-nutritive compounds are major drivers of the composition and metabolic functions of gut microbial communities. However, nutrient composition alone cannot explain the way people’s gut microbiomes are so different to each other. One feature that distinguishes humans from other species is our ability to heat-treat our meals. This process alters nutrients and makes foods more digestible, while…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Macronutrients, micronutrients and non-nutritive compounds are major drivers of the composition and metabolic functions of gut microbial communities. However, nutrient composition alone cannot explain the way people’s gut microbiomes are so different to each other. One feature that distinguishes humans from other species is our ability to heat-treat our meals. This process alters nutrients and makes foods more digestible, while…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The circadian rhythms (sleep-wake cycles)—integrated in the suprachiasmatic nuclei in the hypothalamus—can influence a wide range of host physiological functions, ranging from digestion to body temperature. Although previous data showed that our gut microbiota has its own circadian clocks and may respond to environmental light changes, the impact of circadian cycles on gut homeostasis is poorly understood. New research led…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The circadian rhythms (sleep-wake cycles)—integrated in the suprachiasmatic nuclei in the hypothalamus—can influence a wide range of host physiological functions, ranging from digestion to body temperature. Although previous data showed that our gut microbiota has its own circadian clocks and may respond to environmental light changes, the impact of circadian cycles on gut homeostasis is poorly understood. New research led…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The international conference Nutrients 2019  - Nutritional Advances in the Prevention and Management of Chronic Disease was held from September 25-27 in Barcelona (Spain), organized by the MDPI open-access journal Nutrients. GMFH editors attended a special session on nutrients and the microbiome on September 26. The session was chaired by Annemie Schols from Maastricht University (Netherlands) and covered recent research…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The international conference Nutrients 2019  - Nutritional Advances in the Prevention and Management of Chronic Disease was held from September 25-27 in Barcelona (Spain), organized by the MDPI open-access journal Nutrients. GMFH editors attended a special session on nutrients and the microbiome on September 26. The session was chaired by Annemie Schols from Maastricht University (Netherlands) and covered recent research…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Antibiotics are known for their capacity to perturb the structure of the gut microbiome, with subsequent complications that go beyond the gastrointestinal tract. How host and gut microbiome-related factors modulate antibiotic susceptibility, however, is poorly understood. As a result, scientists still struggle to understand why some gut bacteria are sensitive to antibiotics while a fraction of them survive treatment. New…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Antibiotics are known for their capacity to perturb the structure of the gut microbiome, with subsequent complications that go beyond the gastrointestinal tract. How host and gut microbiome-related factors modulate antibiotic susceptibility, however, is poorly understood. As a result, scientists still struggle to understand why some gut bacteria are sensitive to antibiotics while a fraction of them survive treatment. New…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team