Category : Fibers

Prebiotics and probiotics are food components that directly target the gut microbiota. This recent human study investigated their effects on gut microbiota and metabolic risk markers in obesity. In this trial, researchers tested the probiotic Lactobacillus paracasei, which has been associated with a healthy metabolic profile in previous research. They also tested flaxseed -- composed of 30% dietary fibres, including…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Prebiotics and probiotics are food components that directly target the gut microbiota. This recent human study investigated their effects on gut microbiota and metabolic risk markers in obesity. In this trial, researchers tested the probiotic Lactobacillus paracasei, which has been associated with a healthy metabolic profile in previous research. They also tested flaxseed -- composed of 30% dietary fibres, including…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Lawrence and colleagues tracked two subjects' microbiota over a year, collecting 800 fecal and saliva samples associated with 10,000 longitudinal measurements. They first highlighted the evidence for long-term, overall community stability, as differences between individuals were much larger than variation within individuals. They found a small subset of highly abundant core taxa can be found within each stable period. Secondly, they…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Lawrence and colleagues tracked two subjects' microbiota over a year, collecting 800 fecal and saliva samples associated with 10,000 longitudinal measurements. They first highlighted the evidence for long-term, overall community stability, as differences between individuals were much larger than variation within individuals. They found a small subset of highly abundant core taxa can be found within each stable period. Secondly, they…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

This basic research sought to better understand how soluble dietary fibers exert their beneficial effect on body weight and glucose control. The researchers show that two short-chain fatty acids, which are produced by fermentation of soluble fiber by gut bacteria, activate intestinal gluconeogenesis (IGN) gene expression through different, but complementary, mechanisms. One of the mechanisms activates IGN gene expression through a…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

This basic research sought to better understand how soluble dietary fibers exert their beneficial effect on body weight and glucose control. The researchers show that two short-chain fatty acids, which are produced by fermentation of soluble fiber by gut bacteria, activate intestinal gluconeogenesis (IGN) gene expression through different, but complementary, mechanisms. One of the mechanisms activates IGN gene expression through a…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Filipe De Vadder is a molecular biologist in Gilles Mithieux group and published recently an important article in Cell journal which illustrate how gut microbiota fermentation product could impact neural communication. He accepted for GMFH to give us some highlights. 1) What is the context of this study? Dietary fiber has long been known for its beneficial effects on health,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Filipe De Vadder is a molecular biologist in Gilles Mithieux group and published recently an important article in Cell journal which illustrate how gut microbiota fermentation product could impact neural communication. He accepted for GMFH to give us some highlights. 1) What is the context of this study? Dietary fiber has long been known for its beneficial effects on health,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team