Category : Metabolic Conditions

New developments in genetics and metagenomics over the past 15 years have led scientists to produce an in-depth characterization of the composition and function of the gut microbiome as a novel organ in the close intersection between health and disease. As a result, the number of publications discussing the gut microbiota over the past five years represents more than 80%…

Patrice D. Cani
Professor Patrice D. Cani is researcher from the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), group leader in the Metabolism and Nutrition research group at the Louvain Drug Research Institute (LDRI) from the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Brussels, Belgium, and WELBIO (Walloon Excellence in Lifesciences and BIOtechnology) investigator. He is currently member of several international associations, he is member of the Alumni College from the Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences, and he has been elected in the board of directors of the LDRI (UCL). Patrice D. Cani has a M.Sc. in Nutrition and another M.Sc. in health Sciences, he is registered dietitian and PhD in Biomedical Sciences. His main research interests are the investigation of the role of the gut microbiota in the development of metabolic disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and low grade inflammation. More specifically, he is investigating the interactions between the gut microbiota, the host and specific biological systems such as the endocannabinoid system and the innate immune system in the context of obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic inflammation. Prof Cani is author and co-author of more than 110 scientific research papers published in peer-reviewed international journals, conferences and book chapters.

New developments in genetics and metagenomics over the past 15 years have led scientists to produce an in-depth characterization of the composition and function of the gut microbiome as a novel organ in the close intersection between health and disease. As a result, the number of publications discussing the gut microbiota over the past five years represents more than 80%…

Patrice D. Cani
Professor Patrice D. Cani is researcher from the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), group leader in the Metabolism and Nutrition research group at the Louvain Drug Research Institute (LDRI) from the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Brussels, Belgium, and WELBIO (Walloon Excellence in Lifesciences and BIOtechnology) investigator. He is currently member of several international associations, he is member of the Alumni College from the Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences, and he has been elected in the board of directors of the LDRI (UCL). Patrice D. Cani has a M.Sc. in Nutrition and another M.Sc. in health Sciences, he is registered dietitian and PhD in Biomedical Sciences. His main research interests are the investigation of the role of the gut microbiota in the development of metabolic disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and low grade inflammation. More specifically, he is investigating the interactions between the gut microbiota, the host and specific biological systems such as the endocannabinoid system and the innate immune system in the context of obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic inflammation. Prof Cani is author and co-author of more than 110 scientific research papers published in peer-reviewed international journals, conferences and book chapters.

Tryptophan (Trp) is an essential amino acid and a precursor of several metabolites involved in key physiological processes. Metabolic pathways leading to serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) and other metabolites from Trp are under the direct or indirect control of the microbiota. A new review led by Prof. Harry Sokol, a gastroenterologist and researcher from the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Tryptophan (Trp) is an essential amino acid and a precursor of several metabolites involved in key physiological processes. Metabolic pathways leading to serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) and other metabolites from Trp are under the direct or indirect control of the microbiota. A new review led by Prof. Harry Sokol, a gastroenterologist and researcher from the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

How the gut microbiota can relate to preventing and treating obesity and what are the potential gut microbiota targets in gluten-related disorders were the key subjects discussed in the workshop on nutrition organized by GMFH during the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018, held in Rome on March 10 and 11. The workshop, called ‘Gut microbiota targets in nutrition’,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

How the gut microbiota can relate to preventing and treating obesity and what are the potential gut microbiota targets in gluten-related disorders were the key subjects discussed in the workshop on nutrition organized by GMFH during the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018, held in Rome on March 10 and 11. The workshop, called ‘Gut microbiota targets in nutrition’,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over 300 researchers, physicians, dietitians and other healthcare professionals gathered in Rome (Italy), last March, for the 7th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018. They discussed the latest developments in the field of gut microbiota and their application to clinical practice. With Prof. Fernando Azpiroz as Chair of the Scientific Committee, the summit was co-organized by…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over 300 researchers, physicians, dietitians and other healthcare professionals gathered in Rome (Italy), last March, for the 7th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018. They discussed the latest developments in the field of gut microbiota and their application to clinical practice. With Prof. Fernando Azpiroz as Chair of the Scientific Committee, the summit was co-organized by…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

During the past decade a large number of genomic studies have reported associations between our gut microbiota composition and metabolic disorders. However, a causal relationship between gut microbiota and metabolic diseases such as obesity or type 2 diabetes has yet to be confirmed. Furthermore, mechanisms by which gut microbes and their metabolites interact in the context of metabolic disorders have…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

During the past decade a large number of genomic studies have reported associations between our gut microbiota composition and metabolic disorders. However, a causal relationship between gut microbiota and metabolic diseases such as obesity or type 2 diabetes has yet to be confirmed. Furthermore, mechanisms by which gut microbes and their metabolites interact in the context of metabolic disorders have…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Obesity currently affects up to 650 million people worldwide and this figure has doubled since 1980. Of the environmental factors that may contribute to the development of obesity, gut microbiota is in the spotlight, given that it may be involved in the low-grade inflammatory process and subsequent disrupted glucose metabolism and fat absorption that are features of obesity. Epidemiological research…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Obesity currently affects up to 650 million people worldwide and this figure has doubled since 1980. Of the environmental factors that may contribute to the development of obesity, gut microbiota is in the spotlight, given that it may be involved in the low-grade inflammatory process and subsequent disrupted glucose metabolism and fat absorption that are features of obesity. Epidemiological research…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research in mice and humans has shown that high-fat (HF) diets alter both the composition and microbial metabolic function of gut microbiota in the short term, resulting in the development of metabolic disturbances. Although these studies have focused on fecal microbiota, little is known about whether microbial communities in the small intestine affect lipid metabolism and absorption. A new…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research in mice and humans has shown that high-fat (HF) diets alter both the composition and microbial metabolic function of gut microbiota in the short term, resulting in the development of metabolic disturbances. Although these studies have focused on fecal microbiota, little is known about whether microbial communities in the small intestine affect lipid metabolism and absorption. A new…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A carbohydrate-restricted diet has been emerging as an effective dietary intervention for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in humans. NAFLD is the most prevalent form of liver disease in western countries, affecting an estimated up to 30% of the population and has been reported to be an independent risk factor for increased mortality related to cardiovascular and liver diseases. However,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A carbohydrate-restricted diet has been emerging as an effective dietary intervention for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in humans. NAFLD is the most prevalent form of liver disease in western countries, affecting an estimated up to 30% of the population and has been reported to be an independent risk factor for increased mortality related to cardiovascular and liver diseases. However,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although previous research has shown that host genetics (i.e., some human genes related to diet, metabolism, taste and immunity) are associated with the abundance of several gut bacterial taxa, the degree to which human genetics shape gut microbiome composition remains elusive. A new study, led by Prof. Eran Segal from the Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics and the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although previous research has shown that host genetics (i.e., some human genes related to diet, metabolism, taste and immunity) are associated with the abundance of several gut bacterial taxa, the degree to which human genetics shape gut microbiome composition remains elusive. A new study, led by Prof. Eran Segal from the Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics and the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Gut bacterial communities ferment non-digestible carbohydrates and as a metabolic output produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) that are involved in fiber’s beneficial effects. Activities of SCFAs include not only providing an energy substrate to colonocytes, but also mitigating inflammation, regulating weight through increasing satiety and balancing blood sugar, among others. Although deficiency in SCFA production has been related to chronic…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Gut bacterial communities ferment non-digestible carbohydrates and as a metabolic output produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) that are involved in fiber’s beneficial effects. Activities of SCFAs include not only providing an energy substrate to colonocytes, but also mitigating inflammation, regulating weight through increasing satiety and balancing blood sugar, among others. Although deficiency in SCFA production has been related to chronic…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados