Category : Gut Microbiota

A depletion in the levels of butyrate-producing gut bacteria has been found in patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic plaques and type 2 diabetes. Gut bacteria-derived metabolites may be behind the role of the gut microbiome in cardiovascular health, as the intermediate bacterial metabolite trimethylamine in the production of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) promotes atherosclerosis in animal models and is associated with cardiovascular…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A depletion in the levels of butyrate-producing gut bacteria has been found in patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic plaques and type 2 diabetes. Gut bacteria-derived metabolites may be behind the role of the gut microbiome in cardiovascular health, as the intermediate bacterial metabolite trimethylamine in the production of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) promotes atherosclerosis in animal models and is associated with cardiovascular…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although gut microbiota maturation is a dynamic process apparent across a lifetime, the first two to three years of life may represent the most critical period for dietary interventions that target the microbiota and its contribution to improving child growth and brain development. One area of current microbiome research studies the close relationship between the development of the gut and…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although gut microbiota maturation is a dynamic process apparent across a lifetime, the first two to three years of life may represent the most critical period for dietary interventions that target the microbiota and its contribution to improving child growth and brain development. One area of current microbiome research studies the close relationship between the development of the gut and…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Obesity is currently at pandemic proportions and not only impairs metabolic homeostasis, but is also a risk factor for psychological disorders including depression. Although the underlying mechanisms of these associations are largely unknown, alterations in the communication between the gastrointestinal tract and the nervous system (also called the gut-brain axis) could play a key role. A new study, led by…

Yolanda Sanz
Yolanda Sanz holds a PhD in Pharmacy and is Professor of the National Research Council (CSIC) at the Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology (IATA) in Valencia, Spain. She is principal investigator of the Research Unit on Microbial Ecology, Nutrition and Health at IATA-CSIC. Her scientific field of interest is the role of the human microbiota in health and diseases, which affect the immune and neuroendocrine systems. Currently, she coordinates one of the largest EU projects on the human microbiome that integrates 30 partners of the EU and of USA, CA, NZ and AU (MyNewGut; www.mynewgut.eu). Her scientific contributions are reflected in more than 150 articles published in international peer-reviewed journals, 170 participations in conferences and eight patents.

Obesity is currently at pandemic proportions and not only impairs metabolic homeostasis, but is also a risk factor for psychological disorders including depression. Although the underlying mechanisms of these associations are largely unknown, alterations in the communication between the gastrointestinal tract and the nervous system (also called the gut-brain axis) could play a key role. A new study, led by…

Yolanda Sanz
Yolanda Sanz holds a PhD in Pharmacy and is Professor of the National Research Council (CSIC) at the Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology (IATA) in Valencia, Spain. She is principal investigator of the Research Unit on Microbial Ecology, Nutrition and Health at IATA-CSIC. Her scientific field of interest is the role of the human microbiota in health and diseases, which affect the immune and neuroendocrine systems. Currently, she coordinates one of the largest EU projects on the human microbiome that integrates 30 partners of the EU and of USA, CA, NZ and AU (MyNewGut; www.mynewgut.eu). Her scientific contributions are reflected in more than 150 articles published in international peer-reviewed journals, 170 participations in conferences and eight patents.

The use of complementary alternative medicine (CAM) is common among patients living with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). For the purpose of this article, CAM is defined as therapies that go beyond traditional pharmacological approaches. Patients turn to CAM for many reasons, but most commonly the patient is either unhappy with their current treatment or is looking for a more holistic…

Natasha Haskey
Natasha Haskey is a Registered Dietitian and PhD student at The Centre for Microbiome and Inflammatory Research at the University of British Columbia – Okanagan (Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada). Her research work focuses on how dietary factors influence the gut microbiome, immune system and clinical disease in inflammatory bowel diseases. She is the co-author of the textbook Gut Microbiota: Interactive Effects on Nutrition and Health, which focuses on the gut microbiome as it relates to nutrition. Follow Natasha on Twitter @nhaskeyRD

The use of complementary alternative medicine (CAM) is common among patients living with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). For the purpose of this article, CAM is defined as therapies that go beyond traditional pharmacological approaches. Patients turn to CAM for many reasons, but most commonly the patient is either unhappy with their current treatment or is looking for a more holistic…

Natasha Haskey
Natasha Haskey is a Registered Dietitian and PhD student at The Centre for Microbiome and Inflammatory Research at the University of British Columbia – Okanagan (Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada). Her research work focuses on how dietary factors influence the gut microbiome, immune system and clinical disease in inflammatory bowel diseases. She is the co-author of the textbook Gut Microbiota: Interactive Effects on Nutrition and Health, which focuses on the gut microbiome as it relates to nutrition. Follow Natasha on Twitter @nhaskeyRD

Although diet, alongside drugs, is a major determinant of gut microbiota composition, little is known about how food components specifically modulate the make-up of our microbiota. A new in vitro study, led by Dr. Sylvia Duncan from the Rowett Institute at University of Aberdeen (Scotland, United Kingdom), explores how different carbohydrate substrates influence the diversity of the human colonic microbiota.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although diet, alongside drugs, is a major determinant of gut microbiota composition, little is known about how food components specifically modulate the make-up of our microbiota. A new in vitro study, led by Dr. Sylvia Duncan from the Rowett Institute at University of Aberdeen (Scotland, United Kingdom), explores how different carbohydrate substrates influence the diversity of the human colonic microbiota.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although twin studies have shown that the gut microbiota includes a heritable component, environmental factors relating to diet, drugs and demographic and anthropometric traits are all major determinants of gut microbial diversity. However, the influence of specific nutrient groups on the human gut microbiome in relation to interindividual variation has yet to be investigated. A new study, led by Prof.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although twin studies have shown that the gut microbiota includes a heritable component, environmental factors relating to diet, drugs and demographic and anthropometric traits are all major determinants of gut microbial diversity. However, the influence of specific nutrient groups on the human gut microbiome in relation to interindividual variation has yet to be investigated. A new study, led by Prof.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The use of antibiotics has long been related to a perturbation of the composition and functions of commensal bacterial communities. Some bacteria die in response to antibiotics while gut microbes that harbor antibiotic resistance genes survive. However, little is known regarding the impact of antibiotics on the eradication and recovery of gut microorganisms. A new study, led by Prof. Oluf…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The use of antibiotics has long been related to a perturbation of the composition and functions of commensal bacterial communities. Some bacteria die in response to antibiotics while gut microbes that harbor antibiotic resistance genes survive. However, little is known regarding the impact of antibiotics on the eradication and recovery of gut microorganisms. A new study, led by Prof. Oluf…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The composition of the human gut microbiome and its relationship with diseases has been widely explored (for instance, in the MetaHIT project and the Human Microbiome Project). However, the extent to which gut species interact and shape gut microbiome composition dynamics is unknown. A new study, led by Dr. Jeroen Raes from the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at KU…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The composition of the human gut microbiome and its relationship with diseases has been widely explored (for instance, in the MetaHIT project and the Human Microbiome Project). However, the extent to which gut species interact and shape gut microbiome composition dynamics is unknown. A new study, led by Dr. Jeroen Raes from the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at KU…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Considering that diet is—together with medication—one of the major influencing factors with regards to gut microbiota composition, research is now focusing on how dietary nutrients may affect gut microbial communities. Specifically, an association was previously found between essential omega-3 fatty acid DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and gut microbiome diversity in healthy elderly people. However, evidence from randomized trials assessing the effect…

Stéphane Schneider
Professor Stéphane Schneider heads the Nutritional Support Unit in the Gastroenterology and Nutrition Department Archet University Hospital in Nice (France). He is also head of the Nice University Hospital’s food-nutrition liaison committee. Dr. Schneider is vice-president of the French-Speaking Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (SFNEP), and chairs the Educational and Clinical Practice Committee of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). Three years after receiving his M.D. in Gastroenterology from the University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, he became an assistant Professor and later a full Professor of Nutrition. He is also certified by the European Board of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. He obtained a Master of Science from the University of Paris VII, and a Ph.D. in nutrition from the University Paul Cezanne, as well as a CME Diploma from Harvard Medical School. His main research interests are intestinal failure and the effects of aging and chronic diseases on nutritional status. He has published 188 articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals, with an h index of 37. His goal is to help understand better the role of the intestinal ecosystem, as well as the effects of different forms of bacteriotherapy, in digestive and non-digestive disorders featuring dysbiosis.

Considering that diet is—together with medication—one of the major influencing factors with regards to gut microbiota composition, research is now focusing on how dietary nutrients may affect gut microbial communities. Specifically, an association was previously found between essential omega-3 fatty acid DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and gut microbiome diversity in healthy elderly people. However, evidence from randomized trials assessing the effect…

Stéphane Schneider
Professor Stéphane Schneider heads the Nutritional Support Unit in the Gastroenterology and Nutrition Department Archet University Hospital in Nice (France). He is also head of the Nice University Hospital’s food-nutrition liaison committee. Dr. Schneider is vice-president of the French-Speaking Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (SFNEP), and chairs the Educational and Clinical Practice Committee of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). Three years after receiving his M.D. in Gastroenterology from the University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, he became an assistant Professor and later a full Professor of Nutrition. He is also certified by the European Board of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. He obtained a Master of Science from the University of Paris VII, and a Ph.D. in nutrition from the University Paul Cezanne, as well as a CME Diploma from Harvard Medical School. His main research interests are intestinal failure and the effects of aging and chronic diseases on nutritional status. He has published 188 articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals, with an h index of 37. His goal is to help understand better the role of the intestinal ecosystem, as well as the effects of different forms of bacteriotherapy, in digestive and non-digestive disorders featuring dysbiosis.