Category : Gut Microbiota Composition

Gut microbiota has been related to several pathologies over the past two decades. Nevertheless, not all pathology-associated microbiome signatures have been found to be equally consistent and the organization and ecological properties of the intestinal microbial ecosystem remain under-investigated. A new comment published in Nature Microbiology, led by Dr. Jeroen Raes from the VIB Centre for the Biology of Disease/Vrije…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Gut microbiota has been related to several pathologies over the past two decades. Nevertheless, not all pathology-associated microbiome signatures have been found to be equally consistent and the organization and ecological properties of the intestinal microbial ecosystem remain under-investigated. A new comment published in Nature Microbiology, led by Dr. Jeroen Raes from the VIB Centre for the Biology of Disease/Vrije…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) represents a major healthcare concern that causes diarrhea and usually affects people who have recently been treated with antibiotics or have had an extended stay in a healthcare setting. It can also spread easily to others. Although previous experimental research has shown that a fiber-deprived diet leads to a disturbed host colonic epithelium and has an…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) represents a major healthcare concern that causes diarrhea and usually affects people who have recently been treated with antibiotics or have had an extended stay in a healthcare setting. It can also spread easily to others. Although previous experimental research has shown that a fiber-deprived diet leads to a disturbed host colonic epithelium and has an…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research in mice and humans has shown that high-fat (HF) diets alter both the composition and microbial metabolic function of gut microbiota in the short term, resulting in the development of metabolic disturbances. Although these studies have focused on fecal microbiota, little is known about whether microbial communities in the small intestine affect lipid metabolism and absorption. A new…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research in mice and humans has shown that high-fat (HF) diets alter both the composition and microbial metabolic function of gut microbiota in the short term, resulting in the development of metabolic disturbances. Although these studies have focused on fecal microbiota, little is known about whether microbial communities in the small intestine affect lipid metabolism and absorption. A new…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) refers to a clinical spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders triggered by environmental conditions, metabolic disorders and/or infections, which may increase children’s risk of sleep disturbances and mood disorders. A specific subset within the broader clinical spectrum of PANS includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections syndrome (PANDAS). An increasing amount of research is focusing…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) refers to a clinical spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders triggered by environmental conditions, metabolic disorders and/or infections, which may increase children’s risk of sleep disturbances and mood disorders. A specific subset within the broader clinical spectrum of PANS includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections syndrome (PANDAS). An increasing amount of research is focusing…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although intake of certain non-antibiotic drugs -antidiabetics such as metformin and acarbose, proton pump inhibitors, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and second-generation antipsychotics, opioids and statins- that target human cells have been related to changes in the gut microbiome composition, little is known regarding the extent to which this happens for a broader range of drugs. A recent study, led by Dr.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although intake of certain non-antibiotic drugs -antidiabetics such as metformin and acarbose, proton pump inhibitors, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and second-generation antipsychotics, opioids and statins- that target human cells have been related to changes in the gut microbiome composition, little is known regarding the extent to which this happens for a broader range of drugs. A recent study, led by Dr.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A carbohydrate-restricted diet has been emerging as an effective dietary intervention for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in humans. NAFLD is the most prevalent form of liver disease in western countries, affecting an estimated up to 30% of the population and has been reported to be an independent risk factor for increased mortality related to cardiovascular and liver diseases. However,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A carbohydrate-restricted diet has been emerging as an effective dietary intervention for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in humans. NAFLD is the most prevalent form of liver disease in western countries, affecting an estimated up to 30% of the population and has been reported to be an independent risk factor for increased mortality related to cardiovascular and liver diseases. However,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recent observational data in infants (here; here) suggest a developmental origin for childhood atopy and subsequent asthma involving the gut microbiome perturbation and associated metabolic dysfunction in early life. However, little is known regarding gut microbiota maturation over the first year of life in infants at high risk for asthma and whether targeting the gut microbiome may modify disease risk.…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Recent observational data in infants (here; here) suggest a developmental origin for childhood atopy and subsequent asthma involving the gut microbiome perturbation and associated metabolic dysfunction in early life. However, little is known regarding gut microbiota maturation over the first year of life in infants at high risk for asthma and whether targeting the gut microbiome may modify disease risk.…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

It is a well-known fact that caesarean section (c-section) birth is related to an increased risk of both immune and metabolic diseases later in life, possibly through aberrant gut microbiota composition and/or functional diversity. However, little is known about the effect of targeting gut microbiota with prebiotics and probiotics in c-section-born infants. A new randomized, double-blind, controlled multicentre study, led…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It is a well-known fact that caesarean section (c-section) birth is related to an increased risk of both immune and metabolic diseases later in life, possibly through aberrant gut microbiota composition and/or functional diversity. However, little is known about the effect of targeting gut microbiota with prebiotics and probiotics in c-section-born infants. A new randomized, double-blind, controlled multicentre study, led…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although previous research has shown that host genetics (i.e., some human genes related to diet, metabolism, taste and immunity) are associated with the abundance of several gut bacterial taxa, the degree to which human genetics shape gut microbiome composition remains elusive. A new study, led by Prof. Eran Segal from the Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics and the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although previous research has shown that host genetics (i.e., some human genes related to diet, metabolism, taste and immunity) are associated with the abundance of several gut bacterial taxa, the degree to which human genetics shape gut microbiome composition remains elusive. A new study, led by Prof. Eran Segal from the Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics and the…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Both diet and medications are among the strongest variables affecting the gut microbiome. When it comes to medications, although antibiotics have been repeatedly shown to affect the human gut microbiome, little is known regarding the impact of non-antibiotic prescription drugs on the gut microbiome. A review, led by Dr. Emmanuel Montassier from the MiHAR Lab at Institut de Recherche en…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Both diet and medications are among the strongest variables affecting the gut microbiome. When it comes to medications, although antibiotics have been repeatedly shown to affect the human gut microbiome, little is known regarding the impact of non-antibiotic prescription drugs on the gut microbiome. A review, led by Dr. Emmanuel Montassier from the MiHAR Lab at Institut de Recherche en…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.