Category : Gut Microbiota Composition

Can you tell us a little bit about you and how you got interested in Gut Microbiota?   FL: I was trained as a geneticist. As a PhD student (2000-2003), I worked in a lab that used the Drosophila fly  as a model for research. My scientific questions were on immunity (infection resistance, especially those of bacterial origin) in Bruno…

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GMFH Editing Team

Can you tell us a little bit about you and how you got interested in Gut Microbiota?   FL: I was trained as a geneticist. As a PhD student (2000-2003), I worked in a lab that used the Drosophila fly  as a model for research. My scientific questions were on immunity (infection resistance, especially those of bacterial origin) in Bruno…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

American journalist Michael Pollan shares his experience with the American Gut Project and gives a full overview on the human microbiome as we know it today. "Here were the names of the hundreds of bacterial species that call me home. In sheer numbers, these microbes and their genes dwarf us. It turns out that we are only 10 percent human:…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

American journalist Michael Pollan shares his experience with the American Gut Project and gives a full overview on the human microbiome as we know it today. "Here were the names of the hundreds of bacterial species that call me home. In sheer numbers, these microbes and their genes dwarf us. It turns out that we are only 10 percent human:…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Humans are not (and have never been) alone. From the moment we are born, millions of micro-organisms populate our bodies and coexist with us rather peacefully for the rest of our lives. This microbiome represents the totality of micro-organisms (and their genomes) that we necessarily acquire from the environment. Micro-organisms living in or on us have evolved to extract the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Humans are not (and have never been) alone. From the moment we are born, millions of micro-organisms populate our bodies and coexist with us rather peacefully for the rest of our lives. This microbiome represents the totality of micro-organisms (and their genomes) that we necessarily acquire from the environment. Micro-organisms living in or on us have evolved to extract the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Moderator: Francisco Guarner – Speakers: Karen Scott, Colin Hill   Karen Scott’s presentation was designed as a pedagogical introduction to the notion of prebiotics. She put forward the definition given in Gibson et al 2010:  “Prebiotics are a selectively fermented ingredient that results in specific changes in the composition and/or activity of the gastrointestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefit(s) upon host…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Moderator: Francisco Guarner – Speakers: Karen Scott, Colin Hill   Karen Scott’s presentation was designed as a pedagogical introduction to the notion of prebiotics. She put forward the definition given in Gibson et al 2010:  “Prebiotics are a selectively fermented ingredient that results in specific changes in the composition and/or activity of the gastrointestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefit(s) upon host…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Speakers: Dirk Haller (Germany), Balfour Sartor (USA)   Prof. Haller started his presentation by pointing out that “dysbiosis” is not a good term, because nobody knows what dysbiosis really means. To be able to understand what dysbiosis is, you would have to understand what the normal status quo is, and according to Prof. Haller that is not really well established.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Speakers: Dirk Haller (Germany), Balfour Sartor (USA)   Prof. Haller started his presentation by pointing out that “dysbiosis” is not a good term, because nobody knows what dysbiosis really means. To be able to understand what dysbiosis is, you would have to understand what the normal status quo is, and according to Prof. Haller that is not really well established.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Knowing how microbiota is established in the gut is a very important topic regarding epithelium maturation and immune system developpement. The early studies focused on the dynamic of the microbiota in infant aiming to understand homeostasy mecanisms. The early life microbiota show a low diversity but an high variation in term of species abundance between infants. One of the basic…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Knowing how microbiota is established in the gut is a very important topic regarding epithelium maturation and immune system developpement. The early studies focused on the dynamic of the microbiota in infant aiming to understand homeostasy mecanisms. The early life microbiota show a low diversity but an high variation in term of species abundance between infants. One of the basic…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

(27 February 2013) Although considerable progress has been made in determining the impact of the gut microbiota on the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, the detailed study and understanding of the composition and effects of this intestinal community still faces numerous methodological and empirical challenges. “Improvement of study design and sample collection, as well…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

(27 February 2013) Although considerable progress has been made in determining the impact of the gut microbiota on the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, the detailed study and understanding of the composition and effects of this intestinal community still faces numerous methodological and empirical challenges. “Improvement of study design and sample collection, as well…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Stool transplants highly efficient for Clostridium difficile infections and other gastrointestinal conditions — online press conference at 2nd World Summit “Gut Microbiota For Health” held today (26 February 2013) Clostridium difficile infections have developed into a virtual pandemic over the past two decades. The outcome of standard antibiotic treatment is unsatisfactory: the recurrence rates are high with every relapse increasing…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Stool transplants highly efficient for Clostridium difficile infections and other gastrointestinal conditions — online press conference at 2nd World Summit “Gut Microbiota For Health” held today (26 February 2013) Clostridium difficile infections have developed into a virtual pandemic over the past two decades. The outcome of standard antibiotic treatment is unsatisfactory: the recurrence rates are high with every relapse increasing…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Though atherosclerosis is an artery problem, microscopic denizens of the intestines may play a surprising role in how the disease plays out. A new study suggests that different mixes of intestinal microbes may determine whether people will have heart attacks or strokes brought on by break-away plaque from the arteries. Compared with healthy people, heart disease patients who have had…

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GMFH Editing Team

Though atherosclerosis is an artery problem, microscopic denizens of the intestines may play a surprising role in how the disease plays out. A new study suggests that different mixes of intestinal microbes may determine whether people will have heart attacks or strokes brought on by break-away plaque from the arteries. Compared with healthy people, heart disease patients who have had…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

(This report can be downloaded for free as a PDF.) One of the most intimate relationships that our body has with the outside world is through our gut. Our gastrointestinal tracts harbor a vast and still largely unexplored microbial world known as the human microbiome that scientists are only just beginning to understand. Researchers are recognizing the integral role of…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

(This report can be downloaded for free as a PDF.) One of the most intimate relationships that our body has with the outside world is through our gut. Our gastrointestinal tracts harbor a vast and still largely unexplored microbial world known as the human microbiome that scientists are only just beginning to understand. Researchers are recognizing the integral role of…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team