Category : Gut Microbiota Composition

Besides bacteria, researchers have begun to study archaea, fungi, protozoa and viruses of the human gut microbiome. Although it is now known that the human gut microbiome contains several viruses, most of which are bacteriaphages, little is known about the human gut virome partly due to limitations in analyzing the fecal virome with the current metagenomic and bioinformatic protocols and…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Besides bacteria, researchers have begun to study archaea, fungi, protozoa and viruses of the human gut microbiome. Although it is now known that the human gut microbiome contains several viruses, most of which are bacteriaphages, little is known about the human gut virome partly due to limitations in analyzing the fecal virome with the current metagenomic and bioinformatic protocols and…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Macronutrients, micronutrients and non-nutritive compounds are major drivers of the composition and metabolic functions of gut microbial communities. However, nutrient composition alone cannot explain the way people’s gut microbiomes are so different to each other. One feature that distinguishes humans from other species is our ability to heat-treat our meals. This process alters nutrients and makes foods more digestible, while…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Macronutrients, micronutrients and non-nutritive compounds are major drivers of the composition and metabolic functions of gut microbial communities. However, nutrient composition alone cannot explain the way people’s gut microbiomes are so different to each other. One feature that distinguishes humans from other species is our ability to heat-treat our meals. This process alters nutrients and makes foods more digestible, while…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The gut microbiome can shape health and the risk of disease, though the molecular mechanisms of these interactions are still unclear. Although host genetics is one of the factors that can shape gut microbiome variation, looking at it from the opposite perspective, it is less clear to what extent the microbiome may affect gene expression. In a new cell culture…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The gut microbiome can shape health and the risk of disease, though the molecular mechanisms of these interactions are still unclear. Although host genetics is one of the factors that can shape gut microbiome variation, looking at it from the opposite perspective, it is less clear to what extent the microbiome may affect gene expression. In a new cell culture…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Preterm infants exhibit higher rates of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), which is a major cause of both mortality and neurodevelopmental morbidity. Although an altered gut microbiota composition and metabolome has been found in preterm infants, the few studies exploring the microbiome in NEC and preterm infants have reported inconsistent results. Within the mechanisms by which the development of NEC occurs, a…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Preterm infants exhibit higher rates of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), which is a major cause of both mortality and neurodevelopmental morbidity. Although an altered gut microbiota composition and metabolome has been found in preterm infants, the few studies exploring the microbiome in NEC and preterm infants have reported inconsistent results. Within the mechanisms by which the development of NEC occurs, a…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Emerging evidence shows the involvement of our gut microbiome in conditions apparently unrelated to the gut ecosystem. And it seems that is the case with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder that is often accompanied by altered insulin activity. Recent studies have associated alterations in gut microbiome composition and barrier function with imbalances in the stool…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Emerging evidence shows the involvement of our gut microbiome in conditions apparently unrelated to the gut ecosystem. And it seems that is the case with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder that is often accompanied by altered insulin activity. Recent studies have associated alterations in gut microbiome composition and barrier function with imbalances in the stool…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The source of variation in the composition and function of the microbiome within and between species is yet to be fully understood. Although genetic background and diet have been suggested as major drivers of gut microbiome composition, the role of genetics versus environmental factors in driving gut microbiome variation in closely related primates remains unclear. A new study by Dr.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The source of variation in the composition and function of the microbiome within and between species is yet to be fully understood. Although genetic background and diet have been suggested as major drivers of gut microbiome composition, the role of genetics versus environmental factors in driving gut microbiome variation in closely related primates remains unclear. A new study by Dr.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The microorganisms inhabiting the human gut can alter the chemical structures of drugs, leading to changes in their bioavailability, toxicity and efficacy. Although the gut microbial enzymes responsible for these chemical modifications are poorly understood, microbial mediation of therapeutic effects has been reported for metformin, chemotherapeutic drugs and antidepressants. A gut microbial enzymatic pathway is involved in metabolizing the drug…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The microorganisms inhabiting the human gut can alter the chemical structures of drugs, leading to changes in their bioavailability, toxicity and efficacy. Although the gut microbial enzymes responsible for these chemical modifications are poorly understood, microbial mediation of therapeutic effects has been reported for metformin, chemotherapeutic drugs and antidepressants. A gut microbial enzymatic pathway is involved in metabolizing the drug…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Preterm infants are at a high risk of growth failure that may affect their long-term health outcomes. Different factors have been involved in the etiology of postnatal growth failure in preterm infants, but despite research efforts regarding clinical management, growth failure rates continue to increase. Although differences in gut microbiota composition have been found in preterm infants compared with full-term…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Preterm infants are at a high risk of growth failure that may affect their long-term health outcomes. Different factors have been involved in the etiology of postnatal growth failure in preterm infants, but despite research efforts regarding clinical management, growth failure rates continue to increase. Although differences in gut microbiota composition have been found in preterm infants compared with full-term…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The modification of the human gut microbiota’s composition and function is one of the plausible mechanisms that has just recently started being explored in relation to how exercise affects health. Although gut microbiome composition tends to show higher variability under environmental pressures, its diversity functionality tends to remain consistent within and across subjects. In professional athletes, however, little is known…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The modification of the human gut microbiota’s composition and function is one of the plausible mechanisms that has just recently started being explored in relation to how exercise affects health. Although gut microbiome composition tends to show higher variability under environmental pressures, its diversity functionality tends to remain consistent within and across subjects. In professional athletes, however, little is known…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The enteric nervous system (ENS)—also called “our second brain”—is an autonomous part of the nervous system consisting of in the myenteric and submucosal plexus within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. Comprising primary afferent neurons, interneurons and motor neurons, alongside intestinal cells involved in immune responses and endocrine and paracrine functions, it is involved in the sensory-motor control of the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

The enteric nervous system (ENS)—also called “our second brain”—is an autonomous part of the nervous system consisting of in the myenteric and submucosal plexus within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. Comprising primary afferent neurons, interneurons and motor neurons, alongside intestinal cells involved in immune responses and endocrine and paracrine functions, it is involved in the sensory-motor control of the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.