Category : Digestive Health

Over 350 physicians, dietitians, nutritionists, advanced practice providers and researchers from 49 countries gathered in Miami (USA), on March 23-24, for the 8th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2019, where world-renowned experts in the field discussed the latest evidence on the interaction between diet, nutrition and the gut microbiome. With Gail Hecht and Francisco Guarner as…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over 350 physicians, dietitians, nutritionists, advanced practice providers and researchers from 49 countries gathered in Miami (USA), on March 23-24, for the 8th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2019, where world-renowned experts in the field discussed the latest evidence on the interaction between diet, nutrition and the gut microbiome. With Gail Hecht and Francisco Guarner as…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

From hunter-gathering to industrialization, our gut microbiome has adapted and evolved under environmental pressures. The current period of modernization is seeing changes in dietary patterns and medical practices that have driven a deterioration of gut microbial communities over generations. And this, in turn, contributes to explaining the current rise in chronic diseases in industrialized societies. A new opinion article from…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

From hunter-gathering to industrialization, our gut microbiome has adapted and evolved under environmental pressures. The current period of modernization is seeing changes in dietary patterns and medical practices that have driven a deterioration of gut microbial communities over generations. And this, in turn, contributes to explaining the current rise in chronic diseases in industrialized societies. A new opinion article from…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

We know that the gut microbiome is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of functional gastrointestinal disorders. However, even though underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) could contribute to explaining some gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with these conditions. The field's primary challenges include characterizing the small intestinal microbiome and exploring to what extent diet-driven changes…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

We know that the gut microbiome is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of functional gastrointestinal disorders. However, even though underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) could contribute to explaining some gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with these conditions. The field's primary challenges include characterizing the small intestinal microbiome and exploring to what extent diet-driven changes…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Host genetics may impact the gut microbiome, as supported by twin studies revealing associations between specific alleles in the host and members or functions of the gut microbiome. However, it is unknown whether the gut microbiota could respond to copy-number variation in host genes, which are considered to be a source of genetic variation. A new study, led by Dr.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Host genetics may impact the gut microbiome, as supported by twin studies revealing associations between specific alleles in the host and members or functions of the gut microbiome. However, it is unknown whether the gut microbiota could respond to copy-number variation in host genes, which are considered to be a source of genetic variation. A new study, led by Dr.…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over the past 15 years, scientists have focused mainly on the bacterial fraction of the gut microbiome to characterize its composition and impact on human health and diseases. Despite this, fungi, phages, archaea and protists also count as native constituents of the microbiome, and now, scientists have also started to take an interest in their physiological relevance. Recent studies support…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over the past 15 years, scientists have focused mainly on the bacterial fraction of the gut microbiome to characterize its composition and impact on human health and diseases. Despite this, fungi, phages, archaea and protists also count as native constituents of the microbiome, and now, scientists have also started to take an interest in their physiological relevance. Recent studies support…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Genes alone cannot explain the current rise in colorectal cancer (CRC) and scientists are now trying to elucidate the gut microbiota's contribution as an important player. Previous human research has shown mechanisms by which the bacteria might affect tumorigenesis, especially in the early stages. However, gut microbiome signatures of CRC in association studies have not always been validated across different…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Genes alone cannot explain the current rise in colorectal cancer (CRC) and scientists are now trying to elucidate the gut microbiota's contribution as an important player. Previous human research has shown mechanisms by which the bacteria might affect tumorigenesis, especially in the early stages. However, gut microbiome signatures of CRC in association studies have not always been validated across different…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although the underlying mechanisms involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathogenesis remain elusive, it is known that certain genes, which are shared by both Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, may show a predisposition to the development of this disease. Furthermore, the intestinal bacterial and fungal microbiota might also drive disease pathogenesis and progression. Despite this knowledge, the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although the underlying mechanisms involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathogenesis remain elusive, it is known that certain genes, which are shared by both Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, may show a predisposition to the development of this disease. Furthermore, the intestinal bacterial and fungal microbiota might also drive disease pathogenesis and progression. Despite this knowledge, the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Celiac disease is a common food sensitivity triggered by gluten and its incidence is rising at an alarming rate. The reasons for this are not fully understood but suggestions are that they relate to changes in gut microbial composition or function. As part of previous research into gluten digestion processes, Dr. Alberto Caminero of  McMaster University (Canada) had described a…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.

Celiac disease is a common food sensitivity triggered by gluten and its incidence is rising at an alarming rate. The reasons for this are not fully understood but suggestions are that they relate to changes in gut microbial composition or function. As part of previous research into gluten digestion processes, Dr. Alberto Caminero of  McMaster University (Canada) had described a…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.

The existing evidence about a different gut microbiota composition between healthy and obese or type 2 diabetic patients has led scientists to study the role of gut microbes in the onset and development of metabolic diseases. Several mechanisms by which the gut microbiota may interfere with energy metabolism are currently being explored, though it is not fully understood how the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The existing evidence about a different gut microbiota composition between healthy and obese or type 2 diabetic patients has led scientists to study the role of gut microbes in the onset and development of metabolic diseases. Several mechanisms by which the gut microbiota may interfere with energy metabolism are currently being explored, though it is not fully understood how the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team