Category : IBS

Synbiotics are substances that combine a probiotic and prebiotic. While Gibson and Roberfroid were the first to anticipate that the two could be combined as synbiotics back in 1995, research in the field has accelerated over the past decade. The reported scientific literature on synbiotics includes a wide range of studies carried out under different conditions. Recent human trials have…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Synbiotics are substances that combine a probiotic and prebiotic. While Gibson and Roberfroid were the first to anticipate that the two could be combined as synbiotics back in 1995, research in the field has accelerated over the past decade. The reported scientific literature on synbiotics includes a wide range of studies carried out under different conditions. Recent human trials have…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

This post has been written by Dr. Numan Oezguen and Dr. James Versalovic. Previous research has shown that differences in the gut microbiomes of adult patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) -both in structure and in the levels of metabolites produced or modified by gut microbes- often accompany abdominal pain. An association between gastrointestinal microbes and IBS in children has…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

This post has been written by Dr. Numan Oezguen and Dr. James Versalovic. Previous research has shown that differences in the gut microbiomes of adult patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) -both in structure and in the levels of metabolites produced or modified by gut microbes- often accompany abdominal pain. An association between gastrointestinal microbes and IBS in children has…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

A current challenge in gut microbiome science is that of characterizing the effects of food groups on gut microbial communities instead of focusing on isolated nutrients. Although prebiotics provide health benefits by specifically altering the composition or activity of the gut microbiota, not all dietary fibers are prebiotics and they can benefit gut bacterial groups in different ways. A new…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

A current challenge in gut microbiome science is that of characterizing the effects of food groups on gut microbial communities instead of focusing on isolated nutrients. Although prebiotics provide health benefits by specifically altering the composition or activity of the gut microbiota, not all dietary fibers are prebiotics and they can benefit gut bacterial groups in different ways. A new…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Specific dietary modifications have been an area of focus to treat a myriad of diseases such as obesity and IBS. However, the individual response to dietary interventions can vary greatly, partly due to our unique gut microbiota compositions. Personalized nutrition is a promising area of research that aims to predict physiological response to dietary interventions based on a person's gut microbial…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Specific dietary modifications have been an area of focus to treat a myriad of diseases such as obesity and IBS. However, the individual response to dietary interventions can vary greatly, partly due to our unique gut microbiota compositions. Personalized nutrition is a promising area of research that aims to predict physiological response to dietary interventions based on a person's gut microbial…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Traditionally, the diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) - best as a 2-phased intervention, with strict reduction of all slowly absorbed or indigestible carbohydrates (i.e., FODMAPs) followed by reintroduction of some of them according to tolerance - has been widely used for overall gastrointestinal symptom relief in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, decreasing…

Andrea Hardy
Registered Dietitian, Andrea Hardy from Calgary, Canada specializes in gastrointestinal disorders and the gut microbiome. She is recognized as Canada’s gut health dietitian – educating health care professionals and the public on the pivotal role nutrition plays in gut health. You can find her at Ignite Nutrition, or on Twitter (@AndreaHardyRD).

Traditionally, the diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) - best as a 2-phased intervention, with strict reduction of all slowly absorbed or indigestible carbohydrates (i.e., FODMAPs) followed by reintroduction of some of them according to tolerance - has been widely used for overall gastrointestinal symptom relief in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, decreasing…

Andrea Hardy
Registered Dietitian, Andrea Hardy from Calgary, Canada specializes in gastrointestinal disorders and the gut microbiome. She is recognized as Canada’s gut health dietitian – educating health care professionals and the public on the pivotal role nutrition plays in gut health. You can find her at Ignite Nutrition, or on Twitter (@AndreaHardyRD).

Previous research has shown that some subgroups of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) exhibit a different gut microbiota composition. Although previous small not blinded studies and one randomized placebo-controlled study have looked at the effectiveness of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in patients with IBS, its utility in these patients remains unknown. A new randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study, led by…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Previous research has shown that some subgroups of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) exhibit a different gut microbiota composition. Although previous small not blinded studies and one randomized placebo-controlled study have looked at the effectiveness of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in patients with IBS, its utility in these patients remains unknown. A new randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study, led by…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

The enormous surface area of the human intestinal barrier is key to maintaining a delicate physiological homeostasis. On one hand, it must be optimized for absorption of water and nutrients; on the other hand, it must act as a tight barrier against chemical and microbial challenges - all while protecting us from unnecessary reactions to compounds that are harmful to…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.

The enormous surface area of the human intestinal barrier is key to maintaining a delicate physiological homeostasis. On one hand, it must be optimized for absorption of water and nutrients; on the other hand, it must act as a tight barrier against chemical and microbial challenges - all while protecting us from unnecessary reactions to compounds that are harmful to…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.

Metabolites produced by the gut microbiota may affect host physiology both directly and indirectly. Tryptophan is an essential amino acid and a precursor to several such metabolites. Tryptamine is important example of a bacterially-produced, tryptophan-derived metabolite with previously unknown functions in the gastrointestinal tract. A new study, published in Cell Host & Microbe and led by Dr. Purna C. Kashyap…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.

Metabolites produced by the gut microbiota may affect host physiology both directly and indirectly. Tryptophan is an essential amino acid and a precursor to several such metabolites. Tryptamine is important example of a bacterially-produced, tryptophan-derived metabolite with previously unknown functions in the gastrointestinal tract. A new study, published in Cell Host & Microbe and led by Dr. Purna C. Kashyap…

Megan Mouw
Megan Mouw holds a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from McGill University (Canada). Driven by her experiences at UCSF medical center in San Francisco, Megan is passionate about the role that the gut microbiota plays in maintaining health and wellness. She is currently perusing graduate studies in Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology at the University of California Santa Cruz and hopes to share her love of science through writing.