Category : Functional Disorders

Recurrent abdominal pain, which refers to functional abdominal pain disorders under the Rome IV classification, is a common problem affecting up to 25% of school-age children. As an organic cause is missing with this condition, parents of children affected by functional abdominal pain consider diet and behavioral therapies as methods of managing recurring problems. Although the treatment of functional abdominal…

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GMFH Editing Team

Recurrent abdominal pain, which refers to functional abdominal pain disorders under the Rome IV classification, is a common problem affecting up to 25% of school-age children. As an organic cause is missing with this condition, parents of children affected by functional abdominal pain consider diet and behavioral therapies as methods of managing recurring problems. Although the treatment of functional abdominal…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Synbiotics are substances that combine a probiotic and prebiotic. While Gibson and Roberfroid were the first to anticipate that the two could be combined as synbiotics back in 1995, research in the field has accelerated over the past decade. The reported scientific literature on synbiotics includes a wide range of studies carried out under different conditions. Recent human trials have…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Synbiotics are substances that combine a probiotic and prebiotic. While Gibson and Roberfroid were the first to anticipate that the two could be combined as synbiotics back in 1995, research in the field has accelerated over the past decade. The reported scientific literature on synbiotics includes a wide range of studies carried out under different conditions. Recent human trials have…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

This post has been written by Dr. Numan Oezguen and Dr. James Versalovic. Previous research has shown that differences in the gut microbiomes of adult patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) -both in structure and in the levels of metabolites produced or modified by gut microbes- often accompany abdominal pain. An association between gastrointestinal microbes and IBS in children has…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

This post has been written by Dr. Numan Oezguen and Dr. James Versalovic. Previous research has shown that differences in the gut microbiomes of adult patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) -both in structure and in the levels of metabolites produced or modified by gut microbes- often accompany abdominal pain. An association between gastrointestinal microbes and IBS in children has…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Fermented foods and beverages are produced via controlled microbial growth in the food material alongside the conversion of food components through enzymatic action. Although fermented foods and beverages have been a major element in the human diet for thousands of years, we have only recently started to realize their potential benefits for health. Historical reasons for food fermentation include the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Fermented foods and beverages are produced via controlled microbial growth in the food material alongside the conversion of food components through enzymatic action. Although fermented foods and beverages have been a major element in the human diet for thousands of years, we have only recently started to realize their potential benefits for health. Historical reasons for food fermentation include the…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The enteric nervous system (ENS)—also called “our second brain”—is an autonomous part of the nervous system consisting of in the myenteric and submucosal plexus within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. Comprising primary afferent neurons, interneurons and motor neurons, alongside intestinal cells involved in immune responses and endocrine and paracrine functions, it is involved in the sensory-motor control of the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

The enteric nervous system (ENS)—also called “our second brain”—is an autonomous part of the nervous system consisting of in the myenteric and submucosal plexus within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. Comprising primary afferent neurons, interneurons and motor neurons, alongside intestinal cells involved in immune responses and endocrine and paracrine functions, it is involved in the sensory-motor control of the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A current challenge in gut microbiome science is that of characterizing the effects of food groups on gut microbial communities instead of focusing on isolated nutrients. Although prebiotics provide health benefits by specifically altering the composition or activity of the gut microbiota, not all dietary fibers are prebiotics and they can benefit gut bacterial groups in different ways. A new…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

A current challenge in gut microbiome science is that of characterizing the effects of food groups on gut microbial communities instead of focusing on isolated nutrients. Although prebiotics provide health benefits by specifically altering the composition or activity of the gut microbiota, not all dietary fibers are prebiotics and they can benefit gut bacterial groups in different ways. A new…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Specific dietary modifications have been an area of focus to treat a myriad of diseases such as obesity and IBS. However, the individual response to dietary interventions can vary greatly, partly due to our unique gut microbiota compositions. Personalized nutrition is a promising area of research that aims to predict physiological response to dietary interventions based on a person's gut microbial…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Specific dietary modifications have been an area of focus to treat a myriad of diseases such as obesity and IBS. However, the individual response to dietary interventions can vary greatly, partly due to our unique gut microbiota compositions. Personalized nutrition is a promising area of research that aims to predict physiological response to dietary interventions based on a person's gut microbial…

Allison Clark
Allison Clark has a master in nutrition and health from Open University in Barcelona and a master in journalism. She is a freelance writer and nutritionist and has written various peer review papers about the role the gut microbiota plays in health, disease and endurance exercise performance. Allison is passionate about the role diet and the gut microbiota play in health and disease. Follow her on Twitter @Heal_your_Gut

Over 350 physicians, dietitians, nutritionists, advanced practice providers and researchers from 49 countries gathered in Miami (USA), on March 23-24, for the 8th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2019, where world-renowned experts in the field discussed the latest evidence on the interaction between diet, nutrition and the gut microbiome. With Gail Hecht and Francisco Guarner as…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over 350 physicians, dietitians, nutritionists, advanced practice providers and researchers from 49 countries gathered in Miami (USA), on March 23-24, for the 8th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2019, where world-renowned experts in the field discussed the latest evidence on the interaction between diet, nutrition and the gut microbiome. With Gail Hecht and Francisco Guarner as…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Mental health-related conditions such as anxiety and depression have been found to be more frequent in adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders that include irritable bowel syndrome. Although these findings suggest a close relationship between mental illness and functional gastrointestinal symptoms, little is known about the extent to which these manifestations may share a common etiology, especially in early life, when…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

We know that the gut microbiome is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of functional gastrointestinal disorders. However, even though underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) could contribute to explaining some gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with these conditions. The field's primary challenges include characterizing the small intestinal microbiome and exploring to what extent diet-driven changes…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

We know that the gut microbiome is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of functional gastrointestinal disorders. However, even though underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) could contribute to explaining some gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with these conditions. The field's primary challenges include characterizing the small intestinal microbiome and exploring to what extent diet-driven changes…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team