While initial studies focused on characterizing the gut microbiome, there has been a shift in the field towards mechanistic research focusing on microbiome influence on host phenotype. Here, science and medical writer Andreu Prados updates major breakthroughs in the field in 2019.

In 2018, the Gut Microbiota for Health (GMFH) digital community has reached an audience that includes scientists, healthcare professionals, and the general public, with 60,000 visits every month from all over the world. These changes reflect an increased awareness of