Although the COVID-19 pandemic has shifted the focus of research for scientists worldwide, major breakthroughs in gut microbiome science have been made in 2020. In this last post of the year, we bring you articles from our blog that cover the major advances in the gut microbiome in 2020, from bench to bedside.

Many studies have reported changes in gut microbiome composition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis, when compared with healthy individuals. While that clearly raises the question about the key role played by gut microbes in IBD pathogenesis, we have yet to pinpoint the causative microbes and their mechanisms.

Does glyphosate affect the gut microbiome?

7 Dec 2020

by Andreu Prados

Gluten is not the only culprit in unwanted intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms among non-celiac individuals. Recently, the herbicide glyphosate, present in residual amounts in foods, has received a lot of attention when it comes to digestive and overall health.

Despite the fact that current guidelines for managing inflammatory bowel diseases do not devote attention to diet as a central element of treatment, there is an increasing amount of evidence that supports the role of diet in patients with IBD. A new nationwide cohort study shows the association between the level of inflammatory potential in diet and risk of Crohn’s disease.

Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the most common disorders diagnosed by gastroenterologists. Peppermint oil, specific probiotics, psyllium supplementation, first-line IBS dietary advice, and a low FODMAP diet can aid in improving IBS symptoms.

How food might lead to IBS symptoms

10 Aug 2020

by GMFH Editing Team

Diet is one of the cornerstones for managing IBS. The study of mechanisms of action coupled with symptom-related data are valuable for understanding the role of exclusion diets in patients with IBS.