Inflammation has been involved in the onset of chronic diseases. Probiotics emerge as a potential dietary tool for managing those conditions, partly through their role in immune system modulation and the anti-inflammatory response. Find out what is known about the anti-inflammatory effects of probiotics and their potential applications at the bedside.

Bacteria and fungi in the human gut microbiota may contribute to the underlying mechanisms of IBS, which means the latter can be explored as a potential target for IBS. This article explores what is known about the role of the gut microbiome and yeast probiotics in irritable bowel syndrome.

While celiac disease affects predominantly the small intestine, the contribution of the small intestinal microbiota has been largely understudied. New findings characterize the duodenal microbiota in patients with active celiac disease and explores its functional relevance.

Scientists have discovered a fungus that delays wound healing in mice and is enriched in inflamed tissue from patients with Crohn’s disease. The findings, coupled with the discovery of an engineered yeast that suppresses inflammation in a mouse model of colitis, highlights the potential of studying fungi-host interactions in IBD.

Little is known about the relationship between diet, the composition and function of the gut microbiota and clinical symptoms of IBS. New findings identify how IBS symptom severity is related to a higher intake of foods with poor nutritional quality and gut microbiome features at both subspecies level and metabolic pathways involved in carbohydrate metabolism.