Results published in the October issue of mBIO magazine showed an imbalance in the ratio of the two largest groups of microorganisms in the human gut (Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes) in favour of Bacteriodetes, while the overall bacterial load and diversity was similar between patients and controls.

To start with, experts from all over the world met at the 2014 edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit, jointly organised by the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) and the Gut Microbiota and Health Section of the European Society for Neurogastroenterology and Motility (ESNM).

According to a new study recently published in Gut, however, the benefits of exercise may not end there. Researchers suggest that frequent exercise may also play an important role in our whole-body health by – directly or indirectly – contributing to the diversity of our gut microbiota.