A growing number of scientific studies show the diet can affect health through the gut microbiota. However, foods and dietary patterns actually have differing effects on the gut microbiota between individuals. In modulating the gut microbiota of infants, prebiotics and probiotics could turn out to be useful. Treatments with specific probiotics could help regulate an unbalanced microbiota and thus improve, for instance, host metabolic health.
Clara Belzer is an Associate Professor in Microbiology at Wageningen University & Research, where she investigates precisely the direct role of intestinal microbes in human health and in microbial networks. She attended the 7th Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018.
Significant strides have been made in our comprehension of the role of the gut microbiome in health and disease throughout the year 2022. We invite you to take a closer look at the "2022 Year at a Glance" report and learn about the groundbreaking discoveries made.
While fecal microbiota transplants are recommended for multiple recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection, their use in clinical practice is hindered by a lack of regulation and understanding of the underlying ecological dynamics. This article covers major challenges for the treatment in transitioning from bench to bedside, from the scientific, clinical and regulatory perspectives (Part 6).