Is a species of bacteria that lives harmlessly in the gut of many people. In the gut’s microbial community, there is a balance between the “good” bacteria (beneficial) and the potentially harmful ones (pathogenic). Problems begin when there is an imbalance often due to antibiotic treatment. If the quantity of C difficile increases greatly, a variety of symptoms can arise, ranging from diarrhoea to inflammation of the colon.
C. difficile infections generally affect patients who have recently undergone antibiotic treatment or who are in hospitals or long-term care facilities.. Faecal microbiota transplant (FMT) is being studied in order to evaluate its effectiveness as a possible treatment for these infections. Some probiotics can restore an efficient gut microbiota to control the excessive growth of C. difficile.