Category : Nutrition

Clostridium difficile bacteria are a leading cause of infectious diarrhoea that generally affects patients who have recently undergone antibiotic treatment or who are hospitalized. Although microbial signatures could potentially be used for identifying subsets of patients that may benefit early from conventional therapies for C. difficile infection when it occurs, the role of gut microbiota manipulation through probiotics in reducing…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Clostridium difficile bacteria are a leading cause of infectious diarrhoea that generally affects patients who have recently undergone antibiotic treatment or who are hospitalized. Although microbial signatures could potentially be used for identifying subsets of patients that may benefit early from conventional therapies for C. difficile infection when it occurs, the role of gut microbiota manipulation through probiotics in reducing…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Recent research has shown the presence of gut dysbiosis related to a shift in short-chain fatty acids in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Besides this, constipation is a major nonmotor feature of PD and little is known about whether probiotics and prebiotics could improve constipation in patients with PD. A recent randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, led by Dr. Emanuele Cereda…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Recent research has shown the presence of gut dysbiosis related to a shift in short-chain fatty acids in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Besides this, constipation is a major nonmotor feature of PD and little is known about whether probiotics and prebiotics could improve constipation in patients with PD. A recent randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, led by Dr. Emanuele Cereda…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A crucial question underpinning the establishment of robust scientific connections between gut bacterial communities and health is: precisely how do the gut microbiota exert their effects in the intestinal tract and throughout the rest of the body? Of all the ways in which microbe-mediated health effects may occur, scientists have found the activities of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) to be…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

A crucial question underpinning the establishment of robust scientific connections between gut bacterial communities and health is: precisely how do the gut microbiota exert their effects in the intestinal tract and throughout the rest of the body? Of all the ways in which microbe-mediated health effects may occur, scientists have found the activities of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) to be…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Previous research has shown that the gut microbiota may have a role in the pathogenesis of immune-related diseases involving chronic inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and others. A recent review, led by Dr. Hai Lu from the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University in Guangzhou (China), discusses the existing…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the gut microbiota may have a role in the pathogenesis of immune-related diseases involving chronic inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and others. A recent review, led by Dr. Hai Lu from the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University in Guangzhou (China), discusses the existing…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Dietary fibre is a key nutrient for optimizing gut health and it has been previously documented that a fibre-deprived diet may have a negative impact on the colonic mucus layer and gut microbiota functionality. Resistant starch (RS) is a form of starch that is not digested in the small intestine and is therefore considered a type of dietary fibre.  …

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Dietary fibre is a key nutrient for optimizing gut health and it has been previously documented that a fibre-deprived diet may have a negative impact on the colonic mucus layer and gut microbiota functionality. Resistant starch (RS) is a form of starch that is not digested in the small intestine and is therefore considered a type of dietary fibre.  …

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is a well-known fact that diet is a primary factor that shapes composition and functionality of the human gut microbiota. Westernization has been linked to lower taxonomic and functional diversity, although little is known about the impact of long-term dietary practices on the way individuals’ gut microbiota responds to diet. A recent study, led by Prof. Jeffrey Gordon from…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is a well-known fact that diet is a primary factor that shapes composition and functionality of the human gut microbiota. Westernization has been linked to lower taxonomic and functional diversity, although little is known about the impact of long-term dietary practices on the way individuals’ gut microbiota responds to diet. A recent study, led by Prof. Jeffrey Gordon from…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

For many humans affected by obesity, the challenge of initial weight loss is less than the challenge of maintaining the weight loss over the long term. Studies in large populations have found that, while long-term maintenance of weight loss is possible, its prevalence in real life remains below satisfactory levels. Individuals may experience recurrent weight gain and re-emergence of metabolic…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

For many humans affected by obesity, the challenge of initial weight loss is less than the challenge of maintaining the weight loss over the long term. Studies in large populations have found that, while long-term maintenance of weight loss is possible, its prevalence in real life remains below satisfactory levels. Individuals may experience recurrent weight gain and re-emergence of metabolic…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

It has been reported that nitrate-containing compounds found in certain foods—typically, processed meats, leafy vegetables, chocolate and some wines—as well as food preservatives and nitrate-containing drugs may trigger migraines as a side effect, but the possible mechanistic connection between nitrates, gut microbiome and the likelihood of experiencing migraines is unknown. A recent study, led by Rob Knight from the Department…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It has been reported that nitrate-containing compounds found in certain foods—typically, processed meats, leafy vegetables, chocolate and some wines—as well as food preservatives and nitrate-containing drugs may trigger migraines as a side effect, but the possible mechanistic connection between nitrates, gut microbiome and the likelihood of experiencing migraines is unknown. A recent study, led by Rob Knight from the Department…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

In both mice and humans the gut microbiota exhibits a circadian rhythm and it may be perturbed following circadian misalignment. Previous research has found that the circadian clock of the host may elicit responses from the circadian clocks of commensal gut bacteria. Although changes to the gut microbiota have been linked to the metabolic disturbances that occur after sleep deprivation…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

In both mice and humans the gut microbiota exhibits a circadian rhythm and it may be perturbed following circadian misalignment. Previous research has found that the circadian clock of the host may elicit responses from the circadian clocks of commensal gut bacteria. Although changes to the gut microbiota have been linked to the metabolic disturbances that occur after sleep deprivation…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous studies have identified Akkermansia muciniphila as an important bacterium in metabolic health—able to prevent the development of obesity in animal models. Until now, however, its mechanisms were unclear and its effects had never been tested in humans. Now, a team led by Patrice D. Cani of Université catholique de Louvain (UCL; Belgium) and Willem de Vos of Wageningen University…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Previous studies have identified Akkermansia muciniphila as an important bacterium in metabolic health—able to prevent the development of obesity in animal models. Until now, however, its mechanisms were unclear and its effects had never been tested in humans. Now, a team led by Patrice D. Cani of Université catholique de Louvain (UCL; Belgium) and Willem de Vos of Wageningen University…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter