Category : Infections

Many questions arise when it comes to probiotics and gut microbiota. By what mechanisms of action can probiotics affect host health? What is the role of probiotics in preventing healthcare-associated infections? Do probiotics affect the intestinal barrier? The Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team has asked a selection of world-leading experts to weigh in on the answers, and we're pleased…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Many questions arise when it comes to probiotics and gut microbiota. By what mechanisms of action can probiotics affect host health? What is the role of probiotics in preventing healthcare-associated infections? Do probiotics affect the intestinal barrier? The Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team has asked a selection of world-leading experts to weigh in on the answers, and we're pleased…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Previous preclinical research (here; here) has shown that the gut microbiota helps modulate the host response to influenza infection -germ-free or antibiotic-treated mice usually exhibit weak protection against influenza virus. However, underlying mechanisms mediating this effect and microbial factors involved have not been fully elucidated. A recent study, led by Dr. Thaddeus Stappenbeck from the Department of Pathology and Immunology…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous preclinical research (here; here) has shown that the gut microbiota helps modulate the host response to influenza infection -germ-free or antibiotic-treated mice usually exhibit weak protection against influenza virus. However, underlying mechanisms mediating this effect and microbial factors involved have not been fully elucidated. A recent study, led by Dr. Thaddeus Stappenbeck from the Department of Pathology and Immunology…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Sepsis is a life-threatening condition characterized by systemic inflammation; it is one of the major contributors to neonatal mortality, especially in developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1 million deaths per year (10% of all under-five mortality) are due to neonatal sepsis and that 42% of these deaths occur in the first week of life. Although exclusive…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Sepsis is a life-threatening condition characterized by systemic inflammation; it is one of the major contributors to neonatal mortality, especially in developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1 million deaths per year (10% of all under-five mortality) are due to neonatal sepsis and that 42% of these deaths occur in the first week of life. Although exclusive…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Previous research has shown antibiotics may increase the risk of immune-related diseases including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by disturbing the composition and functions of the gut microbiota. Although the use of antibiotics during the peripartum period (including both the preterm and post-natal periods) has been suggested as a risk factor for IBD development later in life, little is known about…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown antibiotics may increase the risk of immune-related diseases including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by disturbing the composition and functions of the gut microbiota. Although the use of antibiotics during the peripartum period (including both the preterm and post-natal periods) has been suggested as a risk factor for IBD development later in life, little is known about…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is known that the gut microbiota provides colonization resistance (CR) against many infections by enteric pathogens. Although murine experimental models have been previously developed to study the underlying mechanisms of CR in the host, a better understanding is needed in order to develop new approaches for prevention of foodborne pathogen infection. A recent study, led by Dr. Simone Becattini…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It is known that the gut microbiota provides colonization resistance (CR) against many infections by enteric pathogens. Although murine experimental models have been previously developed to study the underlying mechanisms of CR in the host, a better understanding is needed in order to develop new approaches for prevention of foodborne pathogen infection. A recent study, led by Dr. Simone Becattini…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Helicobacter pylori (Hp) chronic infection is increasing worldwide and is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Eradication of the bacterium through proton-pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy (PPI, amoxicillin and either clarithromycin or metronidazole and clarithromycin) or bismuth-based quadruple therapy (bismuth added to the standard twice-daily PPI-based triple therapy) has recently decreased, mainly due to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Helicobacter pylori (Hp) chronic infection is increasing worldwide and is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Eradication of the bacterium through proton-pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy (PPI, amoxicillin and either clarithromycin or metronidazole and clarithromycin) or bismuth-based quadruple therapy (bismuth added to the standard twice-daily PPI-based triple therapy) has recently decreased, mainly due to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is currently investigated as a novel treatment option for several chronic diseases related to gut dysbiosis with the strongest evidence for efficacy in the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Although clear reporting of FMT methodology is important to better understand and reproduce studies, reports of the methodological components of FMT interventions in clinical trials vary…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is currently investigated as a novel treatment option for several chronic diseases related to gut dysbiosis with the strongest evidence for efficacy in the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Although clear reporting of FMT methodology is important to better understand and reproduce studies, reports of the methodological components of FMT interventions in clinical trials vary…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

In the new Gut Microbiota for Health “Clinical Minute” series, we get a scientific expert’s take on gut-microbiota-related questions of interest to healthcare professionals. TOPIC: Should probiotics be used for prevention of Clostridium difficile infection? Dr. Nicole T. Shen is a first year gastroenterology and hepatology fellow in the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Weill Department of Medicine, Weill…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

In the new Gut Microbiota for Health “Clinical Minute” series, we get a scientific expert’s take on gut-microbiota-related questions of interest to healthcare professionals. TOPIC: Should probiotics be used for prevention of Clostridium difficile infection? Dr. Nicole T. Shen is a first year gastroenterology and hepatology fellow in the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Weill Department of Medicine, Weill…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Previous research has shown that the gut microbiota may have a role in the pathogenesis of immune-related diseases involving chronic inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and others. A recent review, led by Dr. Hai Lu from the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University in Guangzhou (China), discusses the existing…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the gut microbiota may have a role in the pathogenesis of immune-related diseases involving chronic inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and others. A recent review, led by Dr. Hai Lu from the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University in Guangzhou (China), discusses the existing…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados