Category : Gut Microbiota Composition

Germ-free mice have been used widely during the last decade for studying the relevance and effect of resident bacteria on host physiology and pathology. Experimental data using animals with controlled gut colonization have identified three main primary functions of the gut microbiota: a) metabolic activities that result in salvage of energy and absorbable nutrients; b) protection of the host against…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Germ-free mice have been used widely during the last decade for studying the relevance and effect of resident bacteria on host physiology and pathology. Experimental data using animals with controlled gut colonization have identified three main primary functions of the gut microbiota: a) metabolic activities that result in salvage of energy and absorbable nutrients; b) protection of the host against…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Since Elie Metchnikoff first linked gut microbes and intake of fermented foods to health and longevity, there has been increasing interest in how ageing affects the gut microbiota composition and functional diversity to promote health in the elderly. Associations between frailty and both species and genus abundance in the gut microbiota have been found in a previous study in female…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Since Elie Metchnikoff first linked gut microbes and intake of fermented foods to health and longevity, there has been increasing interest in how ageing affects the gut microbiota composition and functional diversity to promote health in the elderly. Associations between frailty and both species and genus abundance in the gut microbiota have been found in a previous study in female…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

It has been suggested that there is a relationship between dietary patterns, gut microbiota and the development of obesity; one of the leading theories is based on altered permeability of the gut barrier as a key factor in triggering obesity. However, the vast majority of research about the role of gut microbial communities in obesity has focused on bacteria, and…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It has been suggested that there is a relationship between dietary patterns, gut microbiota and the development of obesity; one of the leading theories is based on altered permeability of the gut barrier as a key factor in triggering obesity. However, the vast majority of research about the role of gut microbial communities in obesity has focused on bacteria, and…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

When it comes to studying the effects of complex dietary carbohydrates on the gut microbiota, resistant starch (RS) is a type of dietary fibre that is receiving increasing attention as a dietary intervention that can benefit the host through mechanisms that include altering the gut microbiota. Although starch is a major energy source in human and animal diets, little is…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

When it comes to studying the effects of complex dietary carbohydrates on the gut microbiota, resistant starch (RS) is a type of dietary fibre that is receiving increasing attention as a dietary intervention that can benefit the host through mechanisms that include altering the gut microbiota. Although starch is a major energy source in human and animal diets, little is…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Dietary components’ effects on host health are thought to be mediated in part by their specific effects on the gut microbiome. Probiotics and prebiotics are the most studied substrates, whereas little is known about the impact of dietary fats on the gut microbiome in human cohorts. A new study, led by Dr. Ana M. Valdes from the Faculty of Medicine…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Dietary components’ effects on host health are thought to be mediated in part by their specific effects on the gut microbiome. Probiotics and prebiotics are the most studied substrates, whereas little is known about the impact of dietary fats on the gut microbiome in human cohorts. A new study, led by Dr. Ana M. Valdes from the Faculty of Medicine…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

When Leo Tolstoy wrote the first line of his classic novel Anna Karenina—“All happy families are like one another; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way"—he probably never thought it would apply to gut microbiomes. But researchers from University of Washington (USA) and Oregon State University (USA) recently put forward the "Anna Karenina principle" as a way of…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

When Leo Tolstoy wrote the first line of his classic novel Anna Karenina—“All happy families are like one another; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way"—he probably never thought it would apply to gut microbiomes. But researchers from University of Washington (USA) and Oregon State University (USA) recently put forward the "Anna Karenina principle" as a way of…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

Previous studies have found that ageing is related to decreased gut microbiota diversity and increased opportunistic pathogens together with a low-grade inflammatory state, which may lead to an increased morbidity and frailty. By contrast, long-lived people appear to have a gut microbiota profile enriched in beneficial bacteria involved in the production of short-chain fatty acids. Although hospitalized elderly people are…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous studies have found that ageing is related to decreased gut microbiota diversity and increased opportunistic pathogens together with a low-grade inflammatory state, which may lead to an increased morbidity and frailty. By contrast, long-lived people appear to have a gut microbiota profile enriched in beneficial bacteria involved in the production of short-chain fatty acids. Although hospitalized elderly people are…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Both the Metagenomics of the Human Intestinal Tract (MetaHIT) project, supported by the European Comission under the 7th Framework program, and the Human Microbiome Project (HMP), supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), are the largest studies to date that have characterized the microbiomes of healthy human subjects at different body sites using 16S and shotgun metagenomic sequencing. A…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Both the Metagenomics of the Human Intestinal Tract (MetaHIT) project, supported by the European Comission under the 7th Framework program, and the Human Microbiome Project (HMP), supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), are the largest studies to date that have characterized the microbiomes of healthy human subjects at different body sites using 16S and shotgun metagenomic sequencing. A…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

To date, no effective strategy has been identified for reliably preventing the development of eczema and allergy in children at high risk of these conditions. Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is typically one of the first allergic manifestations to appear in infants predisposed to allergic disease. Thus, the condition is of particular interest when it comes to prevention. Since early life gut…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

To date, no effective strategy has been identified for reliably preventing the development of eczema and allergy in children at high risk of these conditions. Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is typically one of the first allergic manifestations to appear in infants predisposed to allergic disease. Thus, the condition is of particular interest when it comes to prevention. Since early life gut…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter