Category : Gut Microbiota Composition

Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction involving neurological and psychiatric changes associated with liver insufficiency or portal-systemic shunting with a severity that ranges from minor symptoms to coma. There have been reported differences in gut microbiota between those with and without hepatic encephalopathy. A previous Cochrane systematic review including 38 randomised clinical trials on non-absorbable disaccharides (lactulose and lactitol) versus…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction involving neurological and psychiatric changes associated with liver insufficiency or portal-systemic shunting with a severity that ranges from minor symptoms to coma. There have been reported differences in gut microbiota between those with and without hepatic encephalopathy. A previous Cochrane systematic review including 38 randomised clinical trials on non-absorbable disaccharides (lactulose and lactitol) versus…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Celiac disease (CeD) is a complex immune mediated disorder that is triggered by abnormal immune responses to the dietary protein gluten, which is found in grains like wheat, barley, and rye. Normally, immune tolerance to dietary proteins prevents inflammatory immune responses from developing. However, in those with CeD, the presence of HLA susceptibility genes plus unknown environmental or immune triggers…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.

Celiac disease (CeD) is a complex immune mediated disorder that is triggered by abnormal immune responses to the dietary protein gluten, which is found in grains like wheat, barley, and rye. Normally, immune tolerance to dietary proteins prevents inflammatory immune responses from developing. However, in those with CeD, the presence of HLA susceptibility genes plus unknown environmental or immune triggers…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.

On March 11th and 12th, nearly 400 scientists and healthcare professionals (gastroenterologists, paediatricians, nutritionists, dieticians, and others) from five continents converged in Paris (France) for the 6th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit. After the intensive weekend of knowledge sharing about gut microbiota and health from scientific experts from all over the world, the Gut Microbiota for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

On March 11th and 12th, nearly 400 scientists and healthcare professionals (gastroenterologists, paediatricians, nutritionists, dieticians, and others) from five continents converged in Paris (France) for the 6th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit. After the intensive weekend of knowledge sharing about gut microbiota and health from scientific experts from all over the world, the Gut Microbiota for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

A recent study led by Dr. Jun Sun (Department of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA) has found that butyrate, a bacterial metabolic by-product, may normalize the intestinal environment, including gut microbiota composition, and increase life span in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In humans, ALS (also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease) is a neurodegenerative disease in…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent study led by Dr. Jun Sun (Department of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA) has found that butyrate, a bacterial metabolic by-product, may normalize the intestinal environment, including gut microbiota composition, and increase life span in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In humans, ALS (also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease) is a neurodegenerative disease in…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the gut microbiota may have a role in the pathogenesis of immune-related diseases involving chronic inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and others. A recent review, led by Dr. Hai Lu from the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University in Guangzhou (China), discusses the existing…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the gut microbiota may have a role in the pathogenesis of immune-related diseases involving chronic inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and others. A recent review, led by Dr. Hai Lu from the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University in Guangzhou (China), discusses the existing…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A previous study by Reijnders et al. has added to the body of research calling into question some direct and simple associations found between the gut microbiota and metabolic disorders. Now a recent study, led by Dr. Nicola Santoro from the Department of Paediatrics at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut (USA), has found that the gut microbiota of obese…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A previous study by Reijnders et al. has added to the body of research calling into question some direct and simple associations found between the gut microbiota and metabolic disorders. Now a recent study, led by Dr. Nicola Santoro from the Department of Paediatrics at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut (USA), has found that the gut microbiota of obese…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Could gut microbiota composition be used as a new kind of biomarker? At the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2016 that was held in Miami (USA) March 5-6, 2016, leading experts presented up-to-date evidence on clinical applications of gut microbiota and its mechanisms and role in human health and disease. The composition of the gut microbiota is emerging as…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Could gut microbiota composition be used as a new kind of biomarker? At the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2016 that was held in Miami (USA) March 5-6, 2016, leading experts presented up-to-date evidence on clinical applications of gut microbiota and its mechanisms and role in human health and disease. The composition of the gut microbiota is emerging as…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Individuals with cirrhosis have been reported to show a duodenal bacterial dysbiosis that might be related to the composition of the oral microbiota. Although the relationship between cirrhosis and gut microbiota is only observational and causality cannot be inferred yet, studying the effects of probiotics in patients with cirrhosis is promising. A recent study, led by Vanessa Stadlbauer from the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Individuals with cirrhosis have been reported to show a duodenal bacterial dysbiosis that might be related to the composition of the oral microbiota. Although the relationship between cirrhosis and gut microbiota is only observational and causality cannot be inferred yet, studying the effects of probiotics in patients with cirrhosis is promising. A recent study, led by Vanessa Stadlbauer from the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Recent research has shown that the effects of pharmacological treatments need to be disentangled from the effects of specific diseases on the human microbiota, as drug therapy effects may be a potential confound in human microbiome studies. However, to what extent drug treatment effectiveness is related to changes in gut microbiota composition and functionality is poorly studied. A recent study,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recent research has shown that the effects of pharmacological treatments need to be disentangled from the effects of specific diseases on the human microbiota, as drug therapy effects may be a potential confound in human microbiome studies. However, to what extent drug treatment effectiveness is related to changes in gut microbiota composition and functionality is poorly studied. A recent study,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recent studies have pointed out the role a dysbiosis in gut microbiota plays in the onset and progression of liver disease. Chronic alcohol consumption is known to be a major disruptor of the microbial community harboured in the intestines and can both cause bacterial alteration, increasing the proportion of harmful bacteria and reducing levels of beneficial bacteria; and also it…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Recent studies have pointed out the role a dysbiosis in gut microbiota plays in the onset and progression of liver disease. Chronic alcohol consumption is known to be a major disruptor of the microbial community harboured in the intestines and can both cause bacterial alteration, increasing the proportion of harmful bacteria and reducing levels of beneficial bacteria; and also it…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team