Category : Gut Microbiota

Over 300 researchers, physicians, dietitians and other healthcare professionals gathered in Rome (Italy), last March, for the 7th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018. They discussed the latest developments in the field of gut microbiota and their application to clinical practice. With Prof. Fernando Azpiroz as Chair of the Scientific Committee, the summit was co-organized by…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over 300 researchers, physicians, dietitians and other healthcare professionals gathered in Rome (Italy), last March, for the 7th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018. They discussed the latest developments in the field of gut microbiota and their application to clinical practice. With Prof. Fernando Azpiroz as Chair of the Scientific Committee, the summit was co-organized by…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although gut microbiota profiles differ remarkably between healthy individuals, several features have been suggested to define a “healthy gut microbiome”. First of all, our gut microbiota can be understood, in many cases, to be redundant given that many bacterial species have similar functions. Furthermore, a healthy gut microbiome is temporally stable and resistant to perturbations and, over time, is more…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although gut microbiota profiles differ remarkably between healthy individuals, several features have been suggested to define a “healthy gut microbiome”. First of all, our gut microbiota can be understood, in many cases, to be redundant given that many bacterial species have similar functions. Furthermore, a healthy gut microbiome is temporally stable and resistant to perturbations and, over time, is more…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

During the past decade a large number of genomic studies have reported associations between our gut microbiota composition and metabolic disorders. However, a causal relationship between gut microbiota and metabolic diseases such as obesity or type 2 diabetes has yet to be confirmed. Furthermore, mechanisms by which gut microbes and their metabolites interact in the context of metabolic disorders have…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

During the past decade a large number of genomic studies have reported associations between our gut microbiota composition and metabolic disorders. However, a causal relationship between gut microbiota and metabolic diseases such as obesity or type 2 diabetes has yet to be confirmed. Furthermore, mechanisms by which gut microbes and their metabolites interact in the context of metabolic disorders have…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

In the absence of profound perturbation, bacterial communities living in the gut are mostly stable over time within an individual and between family members. However, the effect of exogenous dietary factors including both pre- and probiotics is generally variable and depends on individualized features of the background microbiota. In the complexity of gut ecology, understanding which factors drive exogenous strain…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

In the absence of profound perturbation, bacterial communities living in the gut are mostly stable over time within an individual and between family members. However, the effect of exogenous dietary factors including both pre- and probiotics is generally variable and depends on individualized features of the background microbiota. In the complexity of gut ecology, understanding which factors drive exogenous strain…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) is the most abundant antibody in mucosal secretions and has been recognized as a first line of defense in protecting the intestinal epithelium from enteric pathogens. Despite its important role in mucosal immunity and intestinal homeostasis, IgA deficiency—defined by undetectable seric IgA titers (<0.07 mg/ml) with normal IgG concentration—is related to a very mild phenotype in…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) is the most abundant antibody in mucosal secretions and has been recognized as a first line of defense in protecting the intestinal epithelium from enteric pathogens. Despite its important role in mucosal immunity and intestinal homeostasis, IgA deficiency—defined by undetectable seric IgA titers (<0.07 mg/ml) with normal IgG concentration—is related to a very mild phenotype in…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Our gut microbiota may be involved in mediating interactions between the enteric nervous system and central nervous system (CNS) through the gut-brain axis. The impact of commensal gut microbes on CNS functions have been studied mostly in mice. As such, the antibiotic-induced CNS consequences of manipulating humans' gut microbiota are still unknown. A new double-blinded randomized study led by our…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Our gut microbiota may be involved in mediating interactions between the enteric nervous system and central nervous system (CNS) through the gut-brain axis. The impact of commensal gut microbes on CNS functions have been studied mostly in mice. As such, the antibiotic-induced CNS consequences of manipulating humans' gut microbiota are still unknown. A new double-blinded randomized study led by our…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A growing number of scientific studies show the diet can affect health through the gut microbiota. However, foods and dietary patterns actually have differing effects on the gut microbiota between individuals. In modulating the gut microbiota of infants, prebiotics and probiotics could turn out to be useful. Treatments with specific probiotics could help regulate an unbalanced microbiota and thus improve,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

A growing number of scientific studies show the diet can affect health through the gut microbiota. However, foods and dietary patterns actually have differing effects on the gut microbiota between individuals. In modulating the gut microbiota of infants, prebiotics and probiotics could turn out to be useful. Treatments with specific probiotics could help regulate an unbalanced microbiota and thus improve,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Gut microbiota has been related to several pathologies over the past two decades. Nevertheless, not all pathology-associated microbiome signatures have been found to be equally consistent and the organization and ecological properties of the intestinal microbial ecosystem remain under-investigated. A new comment published in Nature Microbiology, led by Dr. Jeroen Raes from the VIB Centre for the Biology of Disease/Vrije…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Gut microbiota has been related to several pathologies over the past two decades. Nevertheless, not all pathology-associated microbiome signatures have been found to be equally consistent and the organization and ecological properties of the intestinal microbial ecosystem remain under-investigated. A new comment published in Nature Microbiology, led by Dr. Jeroen Raes from the VIB Centre for the Biology of Disease/Vrije…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Obesity currently affects up to 650 million people worldwide and this figure has doubled since 1980. Of the environmental factors that may contribute to the development of obesity, gut microbiota is in the spotlight, given that it may be involved in the low-grade inflammatory process and subsequent disrupted glucose metabolism and fat absorption that are features of obesity. Epidemiological research…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Obesity currently affects up to 650 million people worldwide and this figure has doubled since 1980. Of the environmental factors that may contribute to the development of obesity, gut microbiota is in the spotlight, given that it may be involved in the low-grade inflammatory process and subsequent disrupted glucose metabolism and fat absorption that are features of obesity. Epidemiological research…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) represents a major healthcare concern that causes diarrhea and usually affects people who have recently been treated with antibiotics or have had an extended stay in a healthcare setting. It can also spread easily to others. Although previous experimental research has shown that a fiber-deprived diet leads to a disturbed host colonic epithelium and has an…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) represents a major healthcare concern that causes diarrhea and usually affects people who have recently been treated with antibiotics or have had an extended stay in a healthcare setting. It can also spread easily to others. Although previous experimental research has shown that a fiber-deprived diet leads to a disturbed host colonic epithelium and has an…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados