Category : Cancer & Tumors

Previous research has shown that the human gut microbiota may mediate suppression of carcinogenesis through its interaction with host immunity. Among cancer types, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States. However, little is known regarding whether manipulating the gut microbiota could help in its prevention and…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the human gut microbiota may mediate suppression of carcinogenesis through its interaction with host immunity. Among cancer types, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States. However, little is known regarding whether manipulating the gut microbiota could help in its prevention and…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Helicobacter pylori (Hp) chronic infection is increasing worldwide and is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Eradication of the bacterium through proton-pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy (PPI, amoxicillin and either clarithromycin or metronidazole and clarithromycin) or bismuth-based quadruple therapy (bismuth added to the standard twice-daily PPI-based triple therapy) has recently decreased, mainly due to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Helicobacter pylori (Hp) chronic infection is increasing worldwide and is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Eradication of the bacterium through proton-pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy (PPI, amoxicillin and either clarithromycin or metronidazole and clarithromycin) or bismuth-based quadruple therapy (bismuth added to the standard twice-daily PPI-based triple therapy) has recently decreased, mainly due to…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Previous research has shown that the gut microbiome could influence cancer outcomes through its interaction with host immunity. Indeed, mouse studies have shown the anti-cancer effects of chemotherapeutic drugs such as cyclophosphamide and celecoxib could be mediated by commensal species. However, the mechanisms by which gut microbial communities influence response to chemotherapeutic drugs remains poorly understood. Two recent studies using…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the gut microbiome could influence cancer outcomes through its interaction with host immunity. Indeed, mouse studies have shown the anti-cancer effects of chemotherapeutic drugs such as cyclophosphamide and celecoxib could be mediated by commensal species. However, the mechanisms by which gut microbial communities influence response to chemotherapeutic drugs remains poorly understood. Two recent studies using…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the mechanisms of drug action such as chemopreventive activity of celecoxib and effects of metformin in type 2 diabetes patients appear to be shaped by gut microbial communities. A recent study, led by Dr. Laurence Zitvogel from the Institut de Cancérologie Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus in Villejuif (France), has found that the antitumoral efficacy of…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research has shown that the mechanisms of drug action such as chemopreventive activity of celecoxib and effects of metformin in type 2 diabetes patients appear to be shaped by gut microbial communities. A recent study, led by Dr. Laurence Zitvogel from the Institut de Cancérologie Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus in Villejuif (France), has found that the antitumoral efficacy of…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Scientific evidence shows probiotics may have a role in treating acute infectious diarrhoea and preventing antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. However, little is known regarding their role in the treatment of diarrhoea generated as a result of radiotherapy or chemotherapy treatments. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis, led by Dr. C-X Pei from The First Clinical Medical College and Evidence Based Medical Centre…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Scientific evidence shows probiotics may have a role in treating acute infectious diarrhoea and preventing antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. However, little is known regarding their role in the treatment of diarrhoea generated as a result of radiotherapy or chemotherapy treatments. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis, led by Dr. C-X Pei from The First Clinical Medical College and Evidence Based Medical Centre…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Recent research has shown that the effects of pharmacological treatments need to be disentangled from the effects of specific diseases on the human microbiota, as drug therapy effects may be a potential confound in human microbiome studies. However, to what extent drug treatment effectiveness is related to changes in gut microbiota composition and functionality is poorly studied. A recent study,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recent research has shown that the effects of pharmacological treatments need to be disentangled from the effects of specific diseases on the human microbiota, as drug therapy effects may be a potential confound in human microbiome studies. However, to what extent drug treatment effectiveness is related to changes in gut microbiota composition and functionality is poorly studied. A recent study,…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) refers to a condition in which abnormally large numbers of bacteria are present in the small intestine. Gastrointestinal cancer is related to compromised intestinal barrier function, reduced functionality of immune responses, and inadequate nutritional status, which impair the ability of patients to control intestinal bacterial proliferation. These result in conditions favourable to SIBO. However, the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) refers to a condition in which abnormally large numbers of bacteria are present in the small intestine. Gastrointestinal cancer is related to compromised intestinal barrier function, reduced functionality of immune responses, and inadequate nutritional status, which impair the ability of patients to control intestinal bacterial proliferation. These result in conditions favourable to SIBO. However, the…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A recent commentary in Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology, written by Dr. Susan E. Erdman from the Division of Comparative Medicine at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge (USA), has covered the role of microbial strategies in cancer prevention and remission. Dr. Erdman refers to a study by Vetizou et al. that revealed that the gut microbiota modulates host…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

A recent commentary in Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology, written by Dr. Susan E. Erdman from the Division of Comparative Medicine at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge (USA), has covered the role of microbial strategies in cancer prevention and remission. Dr. Erdman refers to a study by Vetizou et al. that revealed that the gut microbiota modulates host…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

When patients undergo surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC), can probiotics help recover bowel functions, or even prevent postoperative infections and complications? A new randomized, controlled trial by Yang, et al. from Shanghai, China, set out to investigate the effects of perioperative probiotic treatment (Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Enterococcus faecalis) in patients who required surgery for CRC. The researchers assigned…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

When patients undergo surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC), can probiotics help recover bowel functions, or even prevent postoperative infections and complications? A new randomized, controlled trial by Yang, et al. from Shanghai, China, set out to investigate the effects of perioperative probiotic treatment (Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Enterococcus faecalis) in patients who required surgery for CRC. The researchers assigned…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter