Category : Research & Practice

Tryptophan (Trp) is an essential amino acid and a precursor of several metabolites involved in key physiological processes. Metabolic pathways leading to serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) and other metabolites from Trp are under the direct or indirect control of the microbiota. A new review led by Prof. Harry Sokol, a gastroenterologist and researcher from the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Tryptophan (Trp) is an essential amino acid and a precursor of several metabolites involved in key physiological processes. Metabolic pathways leading to serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) and other metabolites from Trp are under the direct or indirect control of the microbiota. A new review led by Prof. Harry Sokol, a gastroenterologist and researcher from the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

One of the strategies used by vertebrate hosts to defend against bacterial pathogens is that of sequestering transition metals required for intracellular and extracellular pathogen survival. This process is called “nutritional immunity” and, in response, bacteria have evolved strategies to access metals and counteract this host mechanism of defense. A new review, led by Dr. Christopher Lopez and Prof. Eric…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

One of the strategies used by vertebrate hosts to defend against bacterial pathogens is that of sequestering transition metals required for intracellular and extracellular pathogen survival. This process is called “nutritional immunity” and, in response, bacteria have evolved strategies to access metals and counteract this host mechanism of defense. A new review, led by Dr. Christopher Lopez and Prof. Eric…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The enteric nervous system (ENS) is involved in regulating gastrointestinal tract homeostasis through crosstalk between the brain, the gut microbiota, the endocrine and the immune system. Although in mice the ENS is mostly developed during embryogenesis and early postnatal life, recent research has found that it undergoes a dynamic renewal during adulthood. However, mechanistic studies on gut microbiota's role in…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The enteric nervous system (ENS) is involved in regulating gastrointestinal tract homeostasis through crosstalk between the brain, the gut microbiota, the endocrine and the immune system. Although in mice the ENS is mostly developed during embryogenesis and early postnatal life, recent research has found that it undergoes a dynamic renewal during adulthood. However, mechanistic studies on gut microbiota's role in…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous data in animals and humans have shown the potential of manipulating the gut microbiome to modify emotional and cognitive behavior and brain function. For instance, Bifidobacterium longum 1714 has been tested for central effects in mice and humans, but studies assessing how probiotics may affect behavior and brain function in healthy volunteers are scarce. A new double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Previous data in animals and humans have shown the potential of manipulating the gut microbiome to modify emotional and cognitive behavior and brain function. For instance, Bifidobacterium longum 1714 has been tested for central effects in mice and humans, but studies assessing how probiotics may affect behavior and brain function in healthy volunteers are scarce. A new double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Previous experimental research has found that metabolomics can be used to monitor the impact of host diet on gut microbiota functionality. These data suggest that focusing on gut microbiota functionality may allow for a better characterization of the gut microbiota and its interaction with the host than only studying its composition. A new study, led by Dr. Tim Spector and…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous experimental research has found that metabolomics can be used to monitor the impact of host diet on gut microbiota functionality. These data suggest that focusing on gut microbiota functionality may allow for a better characterization of the gut microbiota and its interaction with the host than only studying its composition. A new study, led by Dr. Tim Spector and…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

How the gut microbiota can relate to preventing and treating obesity and what are the potential gut microbiota targets in gluten-related disorders were the key subjects discussed in the workshop on nutrition organized by GMFH during the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018, held in Rome on March 10 and 11. The workshop, called ‘Gut microbiota targets in nutrition’,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

How the gut microbiota can relate to preventing and treating obesity and what are the potential gut microbiota targets in gluten-related disorders were the key subjects discussed in the workshop on nutrition organized by GMFH during the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018, held in Rome on March 10 and 11. The workshop, called ‘Gut microbiota targets in nutrition’,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Mice models are widely used to assess the impact of exposure to environmental factors such as chemicals, drugs or infectious agents on host homeostasis through modulation of the gut microbiota. A new study, led by Dr. Guodong Zhang from the University of Massachusetts (USA), has found that exposure to triclosan increases colonic inflammation and colitis-associated colon tumorigenesis in mice. Triclosan…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Mice models are widely used to assess the impact of exposure to environmental factors such as chemicals, drugs or infectious agents on host homeostasis through modulation of the gut microbiota. A new study, led by Dr. Guodong Zhang from the University of Massachusetts (USA), has found that exposure to triclosan increases colonic inflammation and colitis-associated colon tumorigenesis in mice. Triclosan…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recent research has found an association between colorectal cancer (CRC) and variations in the gut microbiome composition. Although mice research supports the theory that tumor development appears to be driven by interactions between the gut microbiome and host genomics, mechanisms involved in the crosstalk between colorectal carcinogenesis and the gut microbiome are still unknown. A new study, led by Prof.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Recent research has found an association between colorectal cancer (CRC) and variations in the gut microbiome composition. Although mice research supports the theory that tumor development appears to be driven by interactions between the gut microbiome and host genomics, mechanisms involved in the crosstalk between colorectal carcinogenesis and the gut microbiome are still unknown. A new study, led by Prof.…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Over 300 researchers, physicians, dietitians and other healthcare professionals gathered in Rome (Italy), last March, for the 7th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018. They discussed the latest developments in the field of gut microbiota and their application to clinical practice. With Prof. Fernando Azpiroz as Chair of the Scientific Committee, the summit was co-organized by…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Over 300 researchers, physicians, dietitians and other healthcare professionals gathered in Rome (Italy), last March, for the 7th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit 2018. They discussed the latest developments in the field of gut microbiota and their application to clinical practice. With Prof. Fernando Azpiroz as Chair of the Scientific Committee, the summit was co-organized by…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Although gut microbiota profiles differ remarkably between healthy individuals, several features have been suggested to define a “healthy gut microbiome”. First of all, our gut microbiota can be understood, in many cases, to be redundant given that many bacterial species have similar functions. Furthermore, a healthy gut microbiome is temporally stable and resistant to perturbations and, over time, is more…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Although gut microbiota profiles differ remarkably between healthy individuals, several features have been suggested to define a “healthy gut microbiome”. First of all, our gut microbiota can be understood, in many cases, to be redundant given that many bacterial species have similar functions. Furthermore, a healthy gut microbiome is temporally stable and resistant to perturbations and, over time, is more…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados