Category : Research & Practice

Our gut microbiota may be involved in mediating interactions between the enteric nervous system and central nervous system (CNS) through the gut-brain axis. The impact of commensal gut microbes on CNS functions have been studied mostly in mice. As such, the antibiotic-induced CNS consequences of manipulating humans' gut microbiota are still unknown. A new double-blinded randomized study led by our…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Our gut microbiota may be involved in mediating interactions between the enteric nervous system and central nervous system (CNS) through the gut-brain axis. The impact of commensal gut microbes on CNS functions have been studied mostly in mice. As such, the antibiotic-induced CNS consequences of manipulating humans' gut microbiota are still unknown. A new double-blinded randomized study led by our…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

A growing number of scientific studies show the diet can affect health through the gut microbiota. However, foods and dietary patterns actually have differing effects on the gut microbiota between individuals. In modulating the gut microbiota of infants, prebiotics and probiotics could turn out to be useful. Treatments with specific probiotics could help regulate an unbalanced microbiota and thus improve,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

A growing number of scientific studies show the diet can affect health through the gut microbiota. However, foods and dietary patterns actually have differing effects on the gut microbiota between individuals. In modulating the gut microbiota of infants, prebiotics and probiotics could turn out to be useful. Treatments with specific probiotics could help regulate an unbalanced microbiota and thus improve,…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Gut microbiota has been related to several pathologies over the past two decades. Nevertheless, not all pathology-associated microbiome signatures have been found to be equally consistent and the organization and ecological properties of the intestinal microbial ecosystem remain under-investigated. A new comment published in Nature Microbiology, led by Dr. Jeroen Raes from the VIB Centre for the Biology of Disease/Vrije…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Gut microbiota has been related to several pathologies over the past two decades. Nevertheless, not all pathology-associated microbiome signatures have been found to be equally consistent and the organization and ecological properties of the intestinal microbial ecosystem remain under-investigated. A new comment published in Nature Microbiology, led by Dr. Jeroen Raes from the VIB Centre for the Biology of Disease/Vrije…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Obesity currently affects up to 650 million people worldwide and this figure has doubled since 1980. Of the environmental factors that may contribute to the development of obesity, gut microbiota is in the spotlight, given that it may be involved in the low-grade inflammatory process and subsequent disrupted glucose metabolism and fat absorption that are features of obesity. Epidemiological research…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Obesity currently affects up to 650 million people worldwide and this figure has doubled since 1980. Of the environmental factors that may contribute to the development of obesity, gut microbiota is in the spotlight, given that it may be involved in the low-grade inflammatory process and subsequent disrupted glucose metabolism and fat absorption that are features of obesity. Epidemiological research…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) represents a major healthcare concern that causes diarrhea and usually affects people who have recently been treated with antibiotics or have had an extended stay in a healthcare setting. It can also spread easily to others. Although previous experimental research has shown that a fiber-deprived diet leads to a disturbed host colonic epithelium and has an…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) represents a major healthcare concern that causes diarrhea and usually affects people who have recently been treated with antibiotics or have had an extended stay in a healthcare setting. It can also spread easily to others. Although previous experimental research has shown that a fiber-deprived diet leads to a disturbed host colonic epithelium and has an…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research in mice and humans has shown that high-fat (HF) diets alter both the composition and microbial metabolic function of gut microbiota in the short term, resulting in the development of metabolic disturbances. Although these studies have focused on fecal microbiota, little is known about whether microbial communities in the small intestine affect lipid metabolism and absorption. A new…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Previous research in mice and humans has shown that high-fat (HF) diets alter both the composition and microbial metabolic function of gut microbiota in the short term, resulting in the development of metabolic disturbances. Although these studies have focused on fecal microbiota, little is known about whether microbial communities in the small intestine affect lipid metabolism and absorption. A new…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

It has been suggested that the first 3 years of life are a critical period for dietary interventions aimed at gut microbiota modulation for improving child growth and development—the so-called “window of opportunity for microbial modulation”. Contrary to current belief, recent research has found that the gut microbiome of young children (study; study) and adolescents (study) is different from that…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

It has been suggested that the first 3 years of life are a critical period for dietary interventions aimed at gut microbiota modulation for improving child growth and development—the so-called “window of opportunity for microbial modulation”. Contrary to current belief, recent research has found that the gut microbiome of young children (study; study) and adolescents (study) is different from that…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

The identification of an isolate at the strain level has been considered an essential requirement for any microbe that is intended to be commercialized as a probiotic. Strain-level identity is essential for both safety and efficacy evaluations. It enables traceability in laboratory tests, clinical trials and throughout the production and commercialization process. Although the health benefits of probiotics have been…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The identification of an isolate at the strain level has been considered an essential requirement for any microbe that is intended to be commercialized as a probiotic. Strain-level identity is essential for both safety and efficacy evaluations. It enables traceability in laboratory tests, clinical trials and throughout the production and commercialization process. Although the health benefits of probiotics have been…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Regular and adequate levels of physical exercise help protect against several diseases and all-cause mortality. One of the mechanisms that has been gaining increasing attention in relation to how exercise impacts health outcomes is the favorable modification of the human gut microbiota. Although research in this field is still scarce, previous animal and human research findings showed that exercise can…

Stéphane Schneider
Professor Stéphane Schneider heads the Nutritional Support Unit in the Gastroenterology and Nutrition Department Archet University Hospital in Nice (France). He is also head of the Nice University Hospital’s food-nutrition liaison committee. Dr. Schneider is vice-president of the French-Speaking Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (SFNEP), and chairs the Educational and Clinical Practice Committee of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). Three years after receiving his M.D. in Gastroenterology from the University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, he became an assistant Professor and later a full Professor of Nutrition. He is also certified by the European Board of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. He obtained a Master of Science from the University of Paris VII, and a Ph.D. in nutrition from the University Paul Cezanne, as well as a CME Diploma from Harvard Medical School. His main research interests are intestinal failure and the effects of aging and chronic diseases on nutritional status. He has published 188 articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals, with an h index of 37. His goal is to help understand better the role of the intestinal ecosystem, as well as the effects of different forms of bacteriotherapy, in digestive and non-digestive disorders featuring dysbiosis.

Regular and adequate levels of physical exercise help protect against several diseases and all-cause mortality. One of the mechanisms that has been gaining increasing attention in relation to how exercise impacts health outcomes is the favorable modification of the human gut microbiota. Although research in this field is still scarce, previous animal and human research findings showed that exercise can…

Stéphane Schneider
Professor Stéphane Schneider heads the Nutritional Support Unit in the Gastroenterology and Nutrition Department Archet University Hospital in Nice (France). He is also head of the Nice University Hospital’s food-nutrition liaison committee. Dr. Schneider is vice-president of the French-Speaking Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (SFNEP), and chairs the Educational and Clinical Practice Committee of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). Three years after receiving his M.D. in Gastroenterology from the University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, he became an assistant Professor and later a full Professor of Nutrition. He is also certified by the European Board of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. He obtained a Master of Science from the University of Paris VII, and a Ph.D. in nutrition from the University Paul Cezanne, as well as a CME Diploma from Harvard Medical School. His main research interests are intestinal failure and the effects of aging and chronic diseases on nutritional status. He has published 188 articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals, with an h index of 37. His goal is to help understand better the role of the intestinal ecosystem, as well as the effects of different forms of bacteriotherapy, in digestive and non-digestive disorders featuring dysbiosis.

Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) refers to a clinical spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders triggered by environmental conditions, metabolic disorders and/or infections, which may increase children’s risk of sleep disturbances and mood disorders. A specific subset within the broader clinical spectrum of PANS includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections syndrome (PANDAS). An increasing amount of research is focusing…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) refers to a clinical spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders triggered by environmental conditions, metabolic disorders and/or infections, which may increase children’s risk of sleep disturbances and mood disorders. A specific subset within the broader clinical spectrum of PANS includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections syndrome (PANDAS). An increasing amount of research is focusing…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team