Category : Research & Practice

The prevalence of non-communicable diseases, also known as chronic diseases, is increasing worldwide and altered gut microbiota has been related to their early onset. Probiotic intervention during the perinatal period has been proposed as a way to reduce the risk of some of these diseases, but long-term efficacy and safety studies are lacking. A recent study, led by Dr. Erika…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The prevalence of non-communicable diseases, also known as chronic diseases, is increasing worldwide and altered gut microbiota has been related to their early onset. Probiotic intervention during the perinatal period has been proposed as a way to reduce the risk of some of these diseases, but long-term efficacy and safety studies are lacking. A recent study, led by Dr. Erika…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a therapy targeting the gut microbiome with the strongest evidence for efficacy in the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Although gut microbiota dysbiosis is involved in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis, the role of FMT as a therapy for it is still controversial as the two big randomised controlled trials done previously (here; here)…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a therapy targeting the gut microbiome with the strongest evidence for efficacy in the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Although gut microbiota dysbiosis is involved in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis, the role of FMT as a therapy for it is still controversial as the two big randomised controlled trials done previously (here; here)…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction involving neurological and psychiatric changes associated with liver insufficiency or portal-systemic shunting with a severity that ranges from minor symptoms to coma. There have been reported differences in gut microbiota between those with and without hepatic encephalopathy. A previous Cochrane systematic review including 38 randomised clinical trials on non-absorbable disaccharides (lactulose and lactitol) versus…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction involving neurological and psychiatric changes associated with liver insufficiency or portal-systemic shunting with a severity that ranges from minor symptoms to coma. There have been reported differences in gut microbiota between those with and without hepatic encephalopathy. A previous Cochrane systematic review including 38 randomised clinical trials on non-absorbable disaccharides (lactulose and lactitol) versus…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Childhood obesity is increasing worldwide and it has been reported that associations between appetite and adiposity are consistent with a behavioural susceptibility model of obesity. Prebiotics have been shown to decrease food intake and reduce body fat in overweight and obese adults. A previous study has shown that a diet rich in non-digestible carbohydrates may modulate gut microbiota and alleviate…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Childhood obesity is increasing worldwide and it has been reported that associations between appetite and adiposity are consistent with a behavioural susceptibility model of obesity. Prebiotics have been shown to decrease food intake and reduce body fat in overweight and obese adults. A previous study has shown that a diet rich in non-digestible carbohydrates may modulate gut microbiota and alleviate…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Celiac disease (CeD) is a complex immune mediated disorder that is triggered by abnormal immune responses to the dietary protein gluten, which is found in grains like wheat, barley, and rye. Normally, immune tolerance to dietary proteins prevents inflammatory immune responses from developing. However, in those with CeD, the presence of HLA susceptibility genes plus unknown environmental or immune triggers…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.

Celiac disease (CeD) is a complex immune mediated disorder that is triggered by abnormal immune responses to the dietary protein gluten, which is found in grains like wheat, barley, and rye. Normally, immune tolerance to dietary proteins prevents inflammatory immune responses from developing. However, in those with CeD, the presence of HLA susceptibility genes plus unknown environmental or immune triggers…

Heather Galipeau
Heather Galipeau is a Research Associate at McMaster University (Canada) where she is researching dietary and microbial interactions in celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease. She obtained her PhD in 2015 from McMaster University in Elena Verdu’s lab, during which she found that the small intestinal microbial background influences the degree of immuno-pathology triggered by dietary antigens, such as gluten.

Dietary fibre is a key nutrient for optimizing gut health through fermentation by commensal microbiota in the colon. The vast majority of studies that support the health benefits of dietary fibre are observational, whereas little evidence from interventional studies is available and mechanisms involved in their effects on gut microbiota and immune response are poorly understood. A recent study, led…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Dietary fibre is a key nutrient for optimizing gut health through fermentation by commensal microbiota in the colon. The vast majority of studies that support the health benefits of dietary fibre are observational, whereas little evidence from interventional studies is available and mechanisms involved in their effects on gut microbiota and immune response are poorly understood. A recent study, led…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

On March 11th and 12th, nearly 400 scientists and healthcare professionals (gastroenterologists, paediatricians, nutritionists, dieticians, and others) from five continents converged in Paris (France) for the 6th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit. After the intensive weekend of knowledge sharing about gut microbiota and health from scientific experts from all over the world, the Gut Microbiota for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

On March 11th and 12th, nearly 400 scientists and healthcare professionals (gastroenterologists, paediatricians, nutritionists, dieticians, and others) from five continents converged in Paris (France) for the 6th edition of the Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit. After the intensive weekend of knowledge sharing about gut microbiota and health from scientific experts from all over the world, the Gut Microbiota for…

GMFH Editing Team
GMFH Editing Team

In the new Gut Microbiota for Health “Clinical Minute” series, we get a scientific expert’s take on one or more gut-microbiota-related questions that patients frequently ask their healthcare professionals. TOPIC:            Do fermented foods contribute to health? Dr. Mary Ellen Sanders (MES) is the founding president of a non-profit association of academic and industrial scientists called the International Scientific Association…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

In the new Gut Microbiota for Health “Clinical Minute” series, we get a scientific expert’s take on one or more gut-microbiota-related questions that patients frequently ask their healthcare professionals. TOPIC:            Do fermented foods contribute to health? Dr. Mary Ellen Sanders (MES) is the founding president of a non-profit association of academic and industrial scientists called the International Scientific Association…

Kristina Campbell
Science writer Kristina Campbell (M.Sc.), from British Columbia (Canada), specializes in communicating about the gut microbiota, digestive health, and nutrition. Author of the best selling Well-Fed Microbiome Cookbook, her freelance work has appeared in publications around the world. Kristina joined the Gut Microbiota for Health publishing team in 2014.  Find her on: GoogleTwitter

The microbiota that resides in the gastrointestinal tract provides essential health benefits to its host, particularly by regulating immune homeostasis. Besides this, it has recently become relevant that alterations of intestinal microbial communities may be involved in the immune dysregulation that leads to autoimmune disorders such as type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis. But little is known regarding the immunomodulatory…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

The microbiota that resides in the gastrointestinal tract provides essential health benefits to its host, particularly by regulating immune homeostasis. Besides this, it has recently become relevant that alterations of intestinal microbial communities may be involved in the immune dysregulation that leads to autoimmune disorders such as type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis. But little is known regarding the immunomodulatory…

Andreu Prados
Andreu Prados holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Pharmacy & Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Science writer specialised in gut microbiota and probiotics, working also as lecturer and consultant in nutrition and healthcare. Follow Andreu on Twitter @andreuprados

Clostridium difficile bacteria are a leading cause of infectious diarrhoea that generally affects patients who have recently undergone antibiotic treatment or who are hospitalized. Although microbial signatures could potentially be used for identifying subsets of patients that may benefit early from conventional therapies for C. difficile infection when it occurs, the role of gut microbiota manipulation through probiotics in reducing…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.

Clostridium difficile bacteria are a leading cause of infectious diarrhoea that generally affects patients who have recently undergone antibiotic treatment or who are hospitalized. Although microbial signatures could potentially be used for identifying subsets of patients that may benefit early from conventional therapies for C. difficile infection when it occurs, the role of gut microbiota manipulation through probiotics in reducing…

Paul Enck
Prof. Dr. Paul Enck, Director of Research, Dept. of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Germany. His main interests are gut functions in health and disease, including functional and inflammatory bowel disorders, the role of the gut microbiota, regulation of eating and food intake and its disorders, of nausea, vomiting and motion sickness, and the psychophysiology and neurobiology of the placebo response, with specific emphasis on age and gender contributions. He has published more than 170 original data paper in scientific, peer-reviewed journals, and more than 250 book chapters and review articles. He is board member/treasurer of the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility and of the German Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, and has served as reviewer for many international journals and grant agencies.